Monte Carlo simulations of central ion temperature measurements using neutral particle analysers

T. Kurki-Suonio (Corresponding Author), S. Sipilä, Jukka Heikkinen, H.-U. Fahrbach, A. Khudoleev, ASDEX Upgrade Team

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1 Citation (Scopus)


A detailed Monte Carlo-based numerical analysis of ASDEX Upgrade discharges is presented, examining the applicability of neutral particle analysers (NPAs) for measuring the central ion temperature from the neutral particle spectra above the neutral beam injection energy. The analysis is motivated by an earlier work carried out for TFTR (Fiore C L et al 1988 Nucl. Fusion 28 1315), where the beams were quite tangential. This work is now extended to investigate the applicability of the method when the beams are perpendicular. The Monte Carlo simulations take fully into account the effects due to finite orbits and realistic magnetic geometry, and reveal that the fast ion distribution above the beam energy, generated by collisions, reflects the background temperature with good accuracy. However, it is found that the use of NPA tends to give temperature values that are up to 30% lower than the on-axis temperature Ti(0) assumed for the background. This is because the neutral fluxes measured by NPA originate from a wide radial region, and thus the measured spectrum is a chord-averaged one. A fairly tangential viewing is found to be optimal because in that case the signal originating from the centre of the plasma is enhanced relative to the signal from outer radii. It is concluded that, in discharges where the slowing down from electrons does not dominate the beam ion dynamics, NPA can give a reliable estimate of an average central temperature, Ti( = 0,...,0.3).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475-491
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2002
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Monte Carlo
  • Monte Carlo simulation
  • plasma
  • fusion energy


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