Moveable Production Systems for Sustainable Development and Trade: Limitations, Opportunities and Barriers

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It has been claimed that technological advances will make it possible to make anything anywhere and to do so sustainably. In particular, making anything anywhere would increase the diversity of locations and participants involved in production, with positive effects for sustainability. For example, increasing the diversity of locations can reduce the long-distance transportation of materials and goods, which can improve the ecological sustainability of production. At the same time, increasing the diversity of people included in manufacturing can contribute to the spread of manufacturing communities, which can improve the social sustainability of production. However, physical production continues to be dominated by the same countries that have dominated global manufacturing in recent decades. Meanwhile, trade imbalances between rich and poor countries are similar to those of the past. In this paper, limitations and opportunities are explained for moveable production systems to increase the diversity of locations and participants in global production and trade. In addition, potential geopolitical barriers to the deployment of moveable production systems are explained.
Original languageEnglish
Article number5154
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed



  • global production networks
  • industrial development
  • inudstry 4.0
  • leapfrog technology
  • moveable production systems
  • on-the-job training
  • product kits
  • sustainable development and trade
  • sustainable production

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