In order to benchmark predictions for the in vessel tritium inventory in ITER, a survey of fuel retention measured in 4 carbon dominated tokamaks (TEXTOR, ASDEX Upgrade in the 2002–2003 carbon configuration, Tore Supra and JET) was performed, showing retention rates from ∼1 g D/h in TEXTOR (L mode, limiter machine) up to ∼6–12 g D/h in AUG (H mode, divertor machine). A simple scaling used for ITER predictions is applied for comparison with experimental values: (1) estimate of wall fluxes, (2) estimate of the gross carbon erosion, (3) estimate of the net erosion/redeposition assuming a redeposition fraction and (4) estimate of the retention rate using D/C ratio scalings. The validity of each step is discussed, showing that this approach yields the right order of magnitude, but tends to underestimate the experimental values unless a high wall flux, a low local redeposition fraction and/or a high D/C ratio are used.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Nuclear Materials|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
|Event||19th International Conference on Plasma Surface Interactions in Controlled Fusion Devices, PSI-19 - San Diego, United States|
Duration: 24 May 2010 → 28 May 2010
Tsitrone, E., Pégourié, B., Marandet, Y., & Likonen, J. (2011). Multi machine scaling of fuel retention in 4 carbon dominated tokamaks. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 415(1), S735-S739. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2011.01.132