Multi-phase thermodynamics in process simulation

Petteri Kangas, Pertti Koukkari

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

Abstract

The feasibility of using multi-phase chemistry as part of the large-scale process simulation was evaluated. Three methods for calculating thermodynamic equilibrium were studied: equilibrium constants, Gibbs' energy minimization and neural networks. These methods were tested in three different process models: pulp suspension in the short circulation of paper machine, boiler water of power plants and pulp suspension in the pulp bleaching line. The Gibbs'ian method appears as the best option for the calculation of equilibrium in multi-phase systems. However, the computational speed required for dynamic problems is yet not sufficient. Additional studies should be made to optimize the present calculation routines and to exploit possibilities of parallel computing in order to fully utilize the multi-phase chemistry approach in process simulation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Gibbs Energy Methods for Functional Materials and Processes
Subtitle of host publicationChemSheet 1999-2009
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Pages76-91
ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-7331-8
ISBN (Print)978-951-38-7330-1
Publication statusPublished - 2009
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

SeriesVTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes
Number2506
ISSN1235-0605

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Pulp
Thermodynamics
Boiler circulation
Equilibrium constants
Gibbs free energy
Parallel processing systems
Bleaching
Boilers
Power plants
Neural networks

Cite this

Kangas, P., & Koukkari, P. (2009). Multi-phase thermodynamics in process simulation. In Advanced Gibbs Energy Methods for Functional Materials and Processes: ChemSheet 1999-2009 (pp. 76-91). Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes, No. 2506
Kangas, Petteri ; Koukkari, Pertti. / Multi-phase thermodynamics in process simulation. Advanced Gibbs Energy Methods for Functional Materials and Processes: ChemSheet 1999-2009. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2009. pp. 76-91 (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2506).
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Kangas, P & Koukkari, P 2009, Multi-phase thermodynamics in process simulation. in Advanced Gibbs Energy Methods for Functional Materials and Processes: ChemSheet 1999-2009. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes, no. 2506, pp. 76-91.

Multi-phase thermodynamics in process simulation. / Kangas, Petteri; Koukkari, Pertti.

Advanced Gibbs Energy Methods for Functional Materials and Processes: ChemSheet 1999-2009. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2009. p. 76-91 (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2506).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

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M3 - Chapter or book article

SN - 978-951-38-7330-1

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Kangas P, Koukkari P. Multi-phase thermodynamics in process simulation. In Advanced Gibbs Energy Methods for Functional Materials and Processes: ChemSheet 1999-2009. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2009. p. 76-91. (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2506).