Multi-platform concepts for combining offshore wind energy and fish farming in freezing sea areas: Case study in the Gulf of Bothnia

Eeva Mikkola, Jaakko Heinonen, Markus Kankainen, Toni Hekkala, Juha Kurkela

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Climate change together with increasing demand for space pose a challenge to energy and food production at sea areas. Co-location of offshore renewable energy production, aqua culture and other blue economy activities can answer the need for more sustainable marine space utilization while reducing and dividing costs of the different activities. This paper presents a case study of a multi-use platform that combines wind energy and fish farming in the Gulf of Bothnia, where the sea freezes every winter. A marine spatial planning (MSP) tool is used to find suitable locations for the multi-use platform with respect to economic potential of energy and nutrient production, structural solutions and environmental impact. The tool is used to visualize site selection criteria based on geographic information system (GIS) data such as seabed data, wind and wave data and ice data as well as protected marine areas. Production potential scenarios for the multi-use platform at different scales are calculated. Synergies of combining offshore wind energy and fish farming are discussed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationASME 2018 37th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
    Subtitle of host publicationOcean Space Utilization
    PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME
    Number of pages9
    Volume6
    ISBN (Electronic)978-0-7918-5125-8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible
    Event37th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2018 - Madrid, Spain
    Duration: 17 Jun 201822 Jun 2018
    Conference number: 37

    Conference

    Conference37th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2018
    Abbreviated titleOMAE 2018
    CountrySpain
    CityMadrid
    Period17/06/1822/06/18

    Fingerprint

    Freezing
    Fish
    Wind power
    Site selection
    Climate change
    Geographic information systems
    Nutrients
    Ice
    Environmental impact
    Planning
    Economics
    Costs

    Keywords

    • Aquaculture
    • Gulf of Bothnia
    • Marine spatial planning
    • Multi-use
    • Wind power

    Cite this

    Mikkola, E., Heinonen, J., Kankainen, M., Hekkala, T., & Kurkela, J. (2018). Multi-platform concepts for combining offshore wind energy and fish farming in freezing sea areas: Case study in the Gulf of Bothnia. In ASME 2018 37th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering: Ocean Space Utilization (Vol. 6). [OMAE2018-77677] American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2018-77677
    Mikkola, Eeva ; Heinonen, Jaakko ; Kankainen, Markus ; Hekkala, Toni ; Kurkela, Juha. / Multi-platform concepts for combining offshore wind energy and fish farming in freezing sea areas : Case study in the Gulf of Bothnia. ASME 2018 37th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering: Ocean Space Utilization. Vol. 6 American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME, 2018.
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    abstract = "Climate change together with increasing demand for space pose a challenge to energy and food production at sea areas. Co-location of offshore renewable energy production, aqua culture and other blue economy activities can answer the need for more sustainable marine space utilization while reducing and dividing costs of the different activities. This paper presents a case study of a multi-use platform that combines wind energy and fish farming in the Gulf of Bothnia, where the sea freezes every winter. A marine spatial planning (MSP) tool is used to find suitable locations for the multi-use platform with respect to economic potential of energy and nutrient production, structural solutions and environmental impact. The tool is used to visualize site selection criteria based on geographic information system (GIS) data such as seabed data, wind and wave data and ice data as well as protected marine areas. Production potential scenarios for the multi-use platform at different scales are calculated. Synergies of combining offshore wind energy and fish farming are discussed.",
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    Mikkola, E, Heinonen, J, Kankainen, M, Hekkala, T & Kurkela, J 2018, Multi-platform concepts for combining offshore wind energy and fish farming in freezing sea areas: Case study in the Gulf of Bothnia. in ASME 2018 37th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering: Ocean Space Utilization. vol. 6, OMAE2018-77677, American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME, 37th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2018, Madrid, Spain, 17/06/18. https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2018-77677

    Multi-platform concepts for combining offshore wind energy and fish farming in freezing sea areas : Case study in the Gulf of Bothnia. / Mikkola, Eeva; Heinonen, Jaakko; Kankainen, Markus; Hekkala, Toni; Kurkela, Juha.

    ASME 2018 37th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering: Ocean Space Utilization. Vol. 6 American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME, 2018. OMAE2018-77677.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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    Mikkola E, Heinonen J, Kankainen M, Hekkala T, Kurkela J. Multi-platform concepts for combining offshore wind energy and fish farming in freezing sea areas: Case study in the Gulf of Bothnia. In ASME 2018 37th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering: Ocean Space Utilization. Vol. 6. American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME. 2018. OMAE2018-77677 https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2018-77677