Multiphase Flow Simulation of ITTC Standard Cavitator for Underwater Radiated Noise Prediction

Antti Hynninen (Corresponding Author), Ville Viitanen, Jukka Tanttari, Rhena Klose, Claudio Testa, Jussi Martio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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This work focuses on the main issues related to noise measurements in cavitation tunnels. The scope of the paper is to twofold: to obtain a better understanding on the main phenomena underlying experiments and to define consistent cavitation tunnel measurement corrections for background noise, wall reflections, and distance normalisation. To this aim, the acoustic field generated by the ITTC standard cavitator model inside a cavitation tunnel is predicted by Lighthill’s acoustic analogy and solved through a finite element method that inherently accounts for the presence of the walls. Sources of sound detection relies on two multiphase CFD solvers, namely, the homogeneous mixture model—Volume of Fluid method and the Euler–Euler formulations. Starting from the computation of the sound pressure level in the free field with the assumption of spherical spreading without absorption, corrections from losses and spreading are detected by the above approach. Background-corrected sound pressure levels are identified and then compared with the source levels measured in the cavitation tunnel of the Potsdam Model Basin (SVA). It is found that free-field computations corrected by tunnel-induced effects match well with experiments up to 100 Hz (in the one-third octave band), whereas relevant discrepancies arise out of this range that need further investigations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number820
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Marine Science and Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • cavitation tunnel experiments
  • cavitator
  • hydroacoustics
  • multiphase flow simulations
  • underwater radiated noise
  • vibroacoustics


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