### Abstract

Capacity improvment in cellular networks is highly dependent on the effectiveness of

*power control*. A power control procedure is needed to compensate for the fluctuation of a mobile's transmitting power received at a base station and to increase the capacity of the mobile communication system via decreasing intra- and inter-cellular interference. Here we consider*fuzzy set theory based delayed adaptive step-size*closed loop power control scheme(s). In this scheme transmitters adjust their power step sizes according to the received*multiphased power control signals*(delayed commands) from base stations. Code division multiple access (CDMA) system standards (cdmaOne, CDMA2000 and ETSI UMTS/UTRAN) limit the number of bits to two for the length of the control command in time slots. Hence, the number of commands is limited to four per time slot (in practise to two: up and down fixed amount, the rest are zero and unused values) when a sign and magnitude binary word format is used. In the developed algorithm, the number of commands is enlarged to 16 per two sequential time slots (four bits) without an increase in the standardized control bit rate by transmitting control commands in two sequential phases (time slots). First two bits of the command are transmitted in the current time slot and a receiver stores them and waits for the next time slot, which includes the last two bits of the control signal. The receiver interprets control command after receiving all 4 bits. Therefore, the control frequency is decreased (delayed control) to half of the original but respectively the dynamic scale is increased to 4 times larger (in practise 7 times: 7 values up and 7 down, 1 value for zero and 1 unused) for the sign and magnitude binary coding. A single transmitter's control results with the developed controller in a frequency selective fading channel in a CDMA network with interfering nodes and Gaussian noise are compared to the predefined step size power control scheme, which is a de facto standard the power control in cellular networks.Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 489-501 |

Journal | Control Engineering Practice |

Volume | 14 |

Issue number | 5 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 2006 |

MoE publication type | A1 Journal article-refereed |

Event | Intelligent Control Systems and Signal Processing - Algarve, Portugal Duration: 8 Apr 2003 → 11 Apr 2003 |

### Keywords

- cellular networks
- delayed control
- adaptive power control
- CDMA

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## Cite this

Frantti, T. (2006). Multiphase transfer of control signal for adaptive power control in CDMA systems.

*Control Engineering Practice*,*14*(5), 489-501. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conengprac.2005.03.003