Nanosize mineral fillers to replace Sb2O3 synergist in PVC flame retardant system

Outi Härkki, Etta Saarimäki, K. Kiviranta

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Antimony trioxide ATO is widely used as a synergist in PVC flame retardant systems, because of its smoke suppression effect. However, ATO is classified in EU with the risk phrase R40 limited evidence of carcinogenic effect and with hazard statement H351 suspected of causing cancer by inhalation. Thus there is an identified need to look for less harmful alternatives to ATO in thermoplastics FR systems. In this work hydrotalcite and kaoline were studied as replacement to ATO in ATH flame retardant systems for PVC (nano)composites.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationConference proceedings
Subtitle of host publication5th international seminar Modern polymeric materials for environmental applications
Place of PublicationCracow, Poland
PublisherCracow University of Technology
Pages167-174
ISBN (Print)978-83-930641-2-0
Publication statusPublished - 2013
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
Event5th International Seminar on Modern Polymeric Materials for Environmental Applications, MPM2013 - Krakow, Poland
Duration: 15 May 201317 May 2013
Conference number: 5

Conference

Conference5th International Seminar on Modern Polymeric Materials for Environmental Applications, MPM2013
Abbreviated titleMPM2013
CountryPoland
CityKrakow
Period15/05/1317/05/13

Fingerprint

Flame retardants
Polyvinyl chlorides
Fillers
Minerals
Antimony
Smoke
Thermoplastics
Hazards
Composite materials

Keywords

  • flame retardant
  • nanocomposite
  • antimony trioxide
  • PVC

Cite this

Härkki, O., Saarimäki, E., & Kiviranta, K. (2013). Nanosize mineral fillers to replace Sb2O3 synergist in PVC flame retardant system. In Conference proceedings: 5th international seminar Modern polymeric materials for environmental applications (pp. 167-174). Cracow, Poland: Cracow University of Technology.
Härkki, Outi ; Saarimäki, Etta ; Kiviranta, K. / Nanosize mineral fillers to replace Sb2O3 synergist in PVC flame retardant system. Conference proceedings: 5th international seminar Modern polymeric materials for environmental applications. Cracow, Poland : Cracow University of Technology, 2013. pp. 167-174
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Härkki, O, Saarimäki, E & Kiviranta, K 2013, Nanosize mineral fillers to replace Sb2O3 synergist in PVC flame retardant system. in Conference proceedings: 5th international seminar Modern polymeric materials for environmental applications. Cracow University of Technology, Cracow, Poland, pp. 167-174, 5th International Seminar on Modern Polymeric Materials for Environmental Applications, MPM2013, Krakow, Poland, 15/05/13.

Nanosize mineral fillers to replace Sb2O3 synergist in PVC flame retardant system. / Härkki, Outi; Saarimäki, Etta; Kiviranta, K.

Conference proceedings: 5th international seminar Modern polymeric materials for environmental applications. Cracow, Poland : Cracow University of Technology, 2013. p. 167-174.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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AU - Saarimäki, Etta

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PY - 2013

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N2 - Antimony trioxide ATO is widely used as a synergist in PVC flame retardant systems, because of its smoke suppression effect. However, ATO is classified in EU with the risk phrase R40 limited evidence of carcinogenic effect and with hazard statement H351 suspected of causing cancer by inhalation. Thus there is an identified need to look for less harmful alternatives to ATO in thermoplastics FR systems. In this work hydrotalcite and kaoline were studied as replacement to ATO in ATH flame retardant systems for PVC (nano)composites.

AB - Antimony trioxide ATO is widely used as a synergist in PVC flame retardant systems, because of its smoke suppression effect. However, ATO is classified in EU with the risk phrase R40 limited evidence of carcinogenic effect and with hazard statement H351 suspected of causing cancer by inhalation. Thus there is an identified need to look for less harmful alternatives to ATO in thermoplastics FR systems. In this work hydrotalcite and kaoline were studied as replacement to ATO in ATH flame retardant systems for PVC (nano)composites.

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Härkki O, Saarimäki E, Kiviranta K. Nanosize mineral fillers to replace Sb2O3 synergist in PVC flame retardant system. In Conference proceedings: 5th international seminar Modern polymeric materials for environmental applications. Cracow, Poland: Cracow University of Technology. 2013. p. 167-174