Antimony trioxide ATO is widely used as a synergist in PVC flame retardant systems, because of its smoke suppression effect. However, ATO is classified in EU with the risk phrase R40 limited evidence of carcinogenic effect and with hazard statement H351 suspected of causing cancer by inhalation. Thus there is an identified need to look for less harmful alternatives to ATO in thermoplastics FR systems. In this work hydrotalcite and kaoline were studied as replacement to ATO in ATH flame retardant systems for PVC (nano)composites.
|Title of host publication||Conference proceedings|
|Subtitle of host publication||5th international seminar Modern polymeric materials for environmental applications|
|Place of Publication||Cracow, Poland|
|Publisher||Cracow University of Technology|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
|MoE publication type||Not Eligible|
|Event||5th International Seminar on Modern Polymeric Materials for Environmental Applications, MPM2013 - Krakow, Poland|
Duration: 15 May 2013 → 17 May 2013
Conference number: 5
|Conference||5th International Seminar on Modern Polymeric Materials for Environmental Applications, MPM2013|
|Period||15/05/13 → 17/05/13|
- flame retardant
- antimony trioxide
Härkki, O., Saarimäki, E., & Kiviranta, K. (2013). Nanosize mineral fillers to replace Sb2O3 synergist in PVC flame retardant system. In Conference proceedings: 5th international seminar Modern polymeric materials for environmental applications (pp. 167-174). Cracow University of Technology.