Natural radiation: A perspective to radiological risk factors of nuclear energy production

Raimo Mustonen, T. Christensen, H. Stranden, H. Ehdwall, S. Hansen, Vesa Suolanen, Timo Vieno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Radiation doses from natural radiation and from man-made modifications on natural radiation, and different natural radiological environments in the Nordic countries are summarized and used as a perspective for the radiological consequences of nuclear energy production. The significance of different radiation sources can be judged against the total collective effective dose equivalent from natural radiation in the Nordic countries, 92 000 manSv per year. The collective dose from nuclear energy production during normal operation is estimated to 20 manSv per year and from non-nuclear energy production to 80 manSv per year. The increase in collective dose due to the conservation of heating energy in Nordic dwellings is estimated to 23 000 manSv per year, from 1973 to 1984. An indirect radiological danger index is defined in order to be able to compare the significance of estimated future releases of radionuclides from a final repository of spent nuclear fuel to the consequences of natural radionuclides in different environments. The danger index of natural radiological environments will not be significantly increased by future releases of nuclear fuel radionuclides.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-112
Number of pages14
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume114
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1992
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

risk factor
Nuclear energy
Radioisotopes
radionuclide
Radiation
Nuclear fuels
Dosimetry
Spent fuels
repository
Conservation
heating
Heating
energy production
nuclear energy
radiation
energy
natural environment
nuclear fuel
index
dose

Keywords

  • nuclear energy

Cite this

Mustonen, Raimo ; Christensen, T. ; Stranden, H. ; Ehdwall, H. ; Hansen, S. ; Suolanen, Vesa ; Vieno, Timo. / Natural radiation : A perspective to radiological risk factors of nuclear energy production. In: Science of the Total Environment. 1992 ; Vol. 114. pp. 99-112.
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Natural radiation : A perspective to radiological risk factors of nuclear energy production. / Mustonen, Raimo; Christensen, T.; Stranden, H.; Ehdwall, H.; Hansen, S.; Suolanen, Vesa; Vieno, Timo.

In: Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 114, 1992, p. 99-112.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Natural radiation

T2 - A perspective to radiological risk factors of nuclear energy production

AU - Mustonen, Raimo

AU - Christensen, T.

AU - Stranden, H.

AU - Ehdwall, H.

AU - Hansen, S.

AU - Suolanen, Vesa

AU - Vieno, Timo

N1 - Project code: YDI9004

PY - 1992

Y1 - 1992

N2 - Radiation doses from natural radiation and from man-made modifications on natural radiation, and different natural radiological environments in the Nordic countries are summarized and used as a perspective for the radiological consequences of nuclear energy production. The significance of different radiation sources can be judged against the total collective effective dose equivalent from natural radiation in the Nordic countries, 92 000 manSv per year. The collective dose from nuclear energy production during normal operation is estimated to 20 manSv per year and from non-nuclear energy production to 80 manSv per year. The increase in collective dose due to the conservation of heating energy in Nordic dwellings is estimated to 23 000 manSv per year, from 1973 to 1984. An indirect radiological danger index is defined in order to be able to compare the significance of estimated future releases of radionuclides from a final repository of spent nuclear fuel to the consequences of natural radionuclides in different environments. The danger index of natural radiological environments will not be significantly increased by future releases of nuclear fuel radionuclides.

AB - Radiation doses from natural radiation and from man-made modifications on natural radiation, and different natural radiological environments in the Nordic countries are summarized and used as a perspective for the radiological consequences of nuclear energy production. The significance of different radiation sources can be judged against the total collective effective dose equivalent from natural radiation in the Nordic countries, 92 000 manSv per year. The collective dose from nuclear energy production during normal operation is estimated to 20 manSv per year and from non-nuclear energy production to 80 manSv per year. The increase in collective dose due to the conservation of heating energy in Nordic dwellings is estimated to 23 000 manSv per year, from 1973 to 1984. An indirect radiological danger index is defined in order to be able to compare the significance of estimated future releases of radionuclides from a final repository of spent nuclear fuel to the consequences of natural radionuclides in different environments. The danger index of natural radiological environments will not be significantly increased by future releases of nuclear fuel radionuclides.

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SP - 99

EP - 112

JO - Science of the Total Environment

JF - Science of the Total Environment

SN - 0048-9697

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