Navigation system for LHD machines

Hannu Mäkelä, Hannu Lehtinen, Kari Rintanen, Kari Koskinen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in a proceedings journalScientificpeer-review


    Load, haul and dump (LHD) machines are used in mines to carry ore from loading point to dumping point. This paper presents techniques developed to automatize the work of LHD machines. The work concentrates on navigation of the .machines using dead reckoning, artificial beacons and distance measurement from vehicle to tunnel walls.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)295-300
    JournalIFAC Proceedings Volumes
    Issue number11
    Publication statusPublished - 1995
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    Event2nd IFAC Conference on Intelligent Autonomous Vehicles - Espoo, Finland
    Duration: 12 Jun 199514 Jun 1995
    Conference number: 2


    • autonomous
    • beacon
    • dead reckoning
    • navigation
    • vehicle


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