NDE of the Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal Canisters in Finland

Ari Koskinen, Tarja Jäppinen

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    The Finnish concept of high activity nuclear waste disposal is based on deep geological storage in copper canisters with cast iron inserts. The development of disposal concept and final disposal in Finland is managed and organised by Posiva Oy. Disposal canisters will be embedded in Olkiluoto bedrock at a depth of approximately 400 metres. Therefore it is essential to inspect the canisters with non-destructive testing (NDT) methods as well as possible before the final disposal. The lid of the copper disposal canister for high activity nuclear waste is sealed with a weld. Before accepting the canister to the final disposal the weld is planned to be inspected by four non-destructive testing methods. These methods are ultrasonic testing (UT), radiographic testing (RT), eddy current testing (ET) and remote visual testing (VT) using cameras. The copper overpack and the lid are also inspected with multiple NDT methods; UT, ET and VT. The nodular cast iron insert is inspected with UT and VT. In this paper the four NDT inspection methods (UT, RT, ET, VT) for inspection of different parts of the disposal canister are presented in brief. All information in this paper is collected and summarised from public reports and from the procedures of each method and inspection records. All of the four NDT methods detect defects in slightly different directions and based on different physical principles. The four methods are therefore supplements to each other in inspection of different parts of the disposal canister.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationThe Largest Open Access Portal of Nondestructive Testing (NDT)
    Number of pages11
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible
    Event12th European Conference on Non-Destructive Testing, ECNDT 2018 - Gothenburg, Sweden
    Duration: 11 Jun 201815 Jun 2018

    Conference

    Conference12th European Conference on Non-Destructive Testing, ECNDT 2018
    CountrySweden
    CityGothenburg
    Period11/06/1815/06/18

    Fingerprint

    nondestructive testing
    testing method
    eddy
    copper
    radioactive waste
    iron
    waste disposal
    defect
    bedrock
    nuclear fuel
    inspection
    method

    Keywords

    • eddy current testing (ET)
    • radiographic Testing (RT)
    • visual inspection
    • ultrasonic testing (UT)

    Cite this

    Koskinen, A., & Jäppinen, T. (2018). NDE of the Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal Canisters in Finland. In The Largest Open Access Portal of Nondestructive Testing (NDT)
    Koskinen, Ari ; Jäppinen, Tarja. / NDE of the Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal Canisters in Finland. The Largest Open Access Portal of Nondestructive Testing (NDT). 2018.
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    title = "NDE of the Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal Canisters in Finland",
    abstract = "The Finnish concept of high activity nuclear waste disposal is based on deep geological storage in copper canisters with cast iron inserts. The development of disposal concept and final disposal in Finland is managed and organised by Posiva Oy. Disposal canisters will be embedded in Olkiluoto bedrock at a depth of approximately 400 metres. Therefore it is essential to inspect the canisters with non-destructive testing (NDT) methods as well as possible before the final disposal. The lid of the copper disposal canister for high activity nuclear waste is sealed with a weld. Before accepting the canister to the final disposal the weld is planned to be inspected by four non-destructive testing methods. These methods are ultrasonic testing (UT), radiographic testing (RT), eddy current testing (ET) and remote visual testing (VT) using cameras. The copper overpack and the lid are also inspected with multiple NDT methods; UT, ET and VT. The nodular cast iron insert is inspected with UT and VT. In this paper the four NDT inspection methods (UT, RT, ET, VT) for inspection of different parts of the disposal canister are presented in brief. All information in this paper is collected and summarised from public reports and from the procedures of each method and inspection records. All of the four NDT methods detect defects in slightly different directions and based on different physical principles. The four methods are therefore supplements to each other in inspection of different parts of the disposal canister.",
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    Koskinen, A & Jäppinen, T 2018, NDE of the Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal Canisters in Finland. in The Largest Open Access Portal of Nondestructive Testing (NDT). 12th European Conference on Non-Destructive Testing, ECNDT 2018, Gothenburg, Sweden, 11/06/18.

    NDE of the Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal Canisters in Finland. / Koskinen, Ari; Jäppinen, Tarja.

    The Largest Open Access Portal of Nondestructive Testing (NDT). 2018.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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    T1 - NDE of the Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal Canisters in Finland

    AU - Koskinen, Ari

    AU - Jäppinen, Tarja

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    N2 - The Finnish concept of high activity nuclear waste disposal is based on deep geological storage in copper canisters with cast iron inserts. The development of disposal concept and final disposal in Finland is managed and organised by Posiva Oy. Disposal canisters will be embedded in Olkiluoto bedrock at a depth of approximately 400 metres. Therefore it is essential to inspect the canisters with non-destructive testing (NDT) methods as well as possible before the final disposal. The lid of the copper disposal canister for high activity nuclear waste is sealed with a weld. Before accepting the canister to the final disposal the weld is planned to be inspected by four non-destructive testing methods. These methods are ultrasonic testing (UT), radiographic testing (RT), eddy current testing (ET) and remote visual testing (VT) using cameras. The copper overpack and the lid are also inspected with multiple NDT methods; UT, ET and VT. The nodular cast iron insert is inspected with UT and VT. In this paper the four NDT inspection methods (UT, RT, ET, VT) for inspection of different parts of the disposal canister are presented in brief. All information in this paper is collected and summarised from public reports and from the procedures of each method and inspection records. All of the four NDT methods detect defects in slightly different directions and based on different physical principles. The four methods are therefore supplements to each other in inspection of different parts of the disposal canister.

    AB - The Finnish concept of high activity nuclear waste disposal is based on deep geological storage in copper canisters with cast iron inserts. The development of disposal concept and final disposal in Finland is managed and organised by Posiva Oy. Disposal canisters will be embedded in Olkiluoto bedrock at a depth of approximately 400 metres. Therefore it is essential to inspect the canisters with non-destructive testing (NDT) methods as well as possible before the final disposal. The lid of the copper disposal canister for high activity nuclear waste is sealed with a weld. Before accepting the canister to the final disposal the weld is planned to be inspected by four non-destructive testing methods. These methods are ultrasonic testing (UT), radiographic testing (RT), eddy current testing (ET) and remote visual testing (VT) using cameras. The copper overpack and the lid are also inspected with multiple NDT methods; UT, ET and VT. The nodular cast iron insert is inspected with UT and VT. In this paper the four NDT inspection methods (UT, RT, ET, VT) for inspection of different parts of the disposal canister are presented in brief. All information in this paper is collected and summarised from public reports and from the procedures of each method and inspection records. All of the four NDT methods detect defects in slightly different directions and based on different physical principles. The four methods are therefore supplements to each other in inspection of different parts of the disposal canister.

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    Koskinen A, Jäppinen T. NDE of the Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal Canisters in Finland. In The Largest Open Access Portal of Nondestructive Testing (NDT). 2018