NDT Matrix - A tool for selecting non-destructive testing methods for NPP concrete structures

Fahim Al Neshawy, Miguel Ferreira, Edgar Bohner, Jari Puttonen

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    As concrete structures in nuclear power plants (NPP) are exposed to various environmental conditions, concrete is affected by different deterioration processes during the life time of the power plant. To ensure the integrity and load bearing capacity of the concrete components, especially with regard to the extension of the life time of NPPs, the use of non-destructive testing (NDT) methods are essential for examining the quality of concrete and its reinforcement. However, current NDT techniques are faced with several challenges: (i) NDT inspection may primarily be performed only during the annual overhauls when testing is time-limited, (ii) the accuracy and reliability of NDT testing devices, (iii) uncertainty of the international uniformity of the methods used for NDT tests, and (iv) the creditability of results and analyses. An effective inspection of concrete components is only possible if the deterioration processes are identified and robust NDT testing techniques are available. This paper describes the tool developed for selecting suitable NDT methods for NPP structures made of reinforced concrete based on the age and expected degradation mechanisms of the structures under concern. The paper also assesses critically the NDT techniques that fulfil the needs of the safety evaluation of NPPs in Finland and are currently available for testing of NPP concrete structures.The tool comprises (i) the building materials used in structural components, (ii) ageing defects affecting NPP concrete structures, (iii) available NDT techniques and (iv) inspection schedule for concrete structures recommended for Finnish NPPs.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationTransactions of SMiRT-24
    Place of PublicationThe Netherlands
    PublisherInternational Assn for Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology IASMiRT
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    EventSMiRT 24 - Busan, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
    Duration: 20 Aug 201727 Aug 2017

    Publication series

    SeriesTransactions of the International conference on structural mechanics in reactor technology
    Number24
    ISSN0167-563X

    Conference

    ConferenceSMiRT 24
    CountryKorea, Democratic People's Republic of
    CityBusan
    Period20/08/1727/08/17

    Fingerprint

    Nondestructive examination
    Concrete construction
    Nuclear power plants
    Concretes
    Inspection
    Testing
    Deterioration
    Bearing capacity
    Reinforced concrete
    Loads (forces)
    Reinforcement
    Power plants
    Aging of materials
    Degradation
    Defects

    Keywords

    • NDT matrix

    Cite this

    Al Neshawy, F., Ferreira, M., Bohner, E., & Puttonen, J. (2017). NDT Matrix - A tool for selecting non-destructive testing methods for NPP concrete structures. In Transactions of SMiRT-24 The Netherlands: International Assn for Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology IASMiRT . Transactions of the International conference on structural mechanics in reactor technology, No. 24
    Al Neshawy, Fahim ; Ferreira, Miguel ; Bohner, Edgar ; Puttonen, Jari. / NDT Matrix - A tool for selecting non-destructive testing methods for NPP concrete structures. Transactions of SMiRT-24. The Netherlands : International Assn for Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology IASMiRT , 2017. (Transactions of the International conference on structural mechanics in reactor technology; No. 24).
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    title = "NDT Matrix - A tool for selecting non-destructive testing methods for NPP concrete structures",
    abstract = "As concrete structures in nuclear power plants (NPP) are exposed to various environmental conditions, concrete is affected by different deterioration processes during the life time of the power plant. To ensure the integrity and load bearing capacity of the concrete components, especially with regard to the extension of the life time of NPPs, the use of non-destructive testing (NDT) methods are essential for examining the quality of concrete and its reinforcement. However, current NDT techniques are faced with several challenges: (i) NDT inspection may primarily be performed only during the annual overhauls when testing is time-limited, (ii) the accuracy and reliability of NDT testing devices, (iii) uncertainty of the international uniformity of the methods used for NDT tests, and (iv) the creditability of results and analyses. An effective inspection of concrete components is only possible if the deterioration processes are identified and robust NDT testing techniques are available. This paper describes the tool developed for selecting suitable NDT methods for NPP structures made of reinforced concrete based on the age and expected degradation mechanisms of the structures under concern. The paper also assesses critically the NDT techniques that fulfil the needs of the safety evaluation of NPPs in Finland and are currently available for testing of NPP concrete structures.The tool comprises (i) the building materials used in structural components, (ii) ageing defects affecting NPP concrete structures, (iii) available NDT techniques and (iv) inspection schedule for concrete structures recommended for Finnish NPPs.",
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    Al Neshawy, F, Ferreira, M, Bohner, E & Puttonen, J 2017, NDT Matrix - A tool for selecting non-destructive testing methods for NPP concrete structures. in Transactions of SMiRT-24. International Assn for Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology IASMiRT , The Netherlands, Transactions of the International conference on structural mechanics in reactor technology, no. 24, SMiRT 24, Busan, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of, 20/08/17.

    NDT Matrix - A tool for selecting non-destructive testing methods for NPP concrete structures. / Al Neshawy, Fahim; Ferreira, Miguel; Bohner, Edgar; Puttonen, Jari.

    Transactions of SMiRT-24. The Netherlands : International Assn for Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology IASMiRT , 2017. (Transactions of the International conference on structural mechanics in reactor technology; No. 24).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    TY - GEN

    T1 - NDT Matrix - A tool for selecting non-destructive testing methods for NPP concrete structures

    AU - Al Neshawy, Fahim

    AU - Ferreira, Miguel

    AU - Bohner, Edgar

    AU - Puttonen, Jari

    PY - 2017

    Y1 - 2017

    N2 - As concrete structures in nuclear power plants (NPP) are exposed to various environmental conditions, concrete is affected by different deterioration processes during the life time of the power plant. To ensure the integrity and load bearing capacity of the concrete components, especially with regard to the extension of the life time of NPPs, the use of non-destructive testing (NDT) methods are essential for examining the quality of concrete and its reinforcement. However, current NDT techniques are faced with several challenges: (i) NDT inspection may primarily be performed only during the annual overhauls when testing is time-limited, (ii) the accuracy and reliability of NDT testing devices, (iii) uncertainty of the international uniformity of the methods used for NDT tests, and (iv) the creditability of results and analyses. An effective inspection of concrete components is only possible if the deterioration processes are identified and robust NDT testing techniques are available. This paper describes the tool developed for selecting suitable NDT methods for NPP structures made of reinforced concrete based on the age and expected degradation mechanisms of the structures under concern. The paper also assesses critically the NDT techniques that fulfil the needs of the safety evaluation of NPPs in Finland and are currently available for testing of NPP concrete structures.The tool comprises (i) the building materials used in structural components, (ii) ageing defects affecting NPP concrete structures, (iii) available NDT techniques and (iv) inspection schedule for concrete structures recommended for Finnish NPPs.

    AB - As concrete structures in nuclear power plants (NPP) are exposed to various environmental conditions, concrete is affected by different deterioration processes during the life time of the power plant. To ensure the integrity and load bearing capacity of the concrete components, especially with regard to the extension of the life time of NPPs, the use of non-destructive testing (NDT) methods are essential for examining the quality of concrete and its reinforcement. However, current NDT techniques are faced with several challenges: (i) NDT inspection may primarily be performed only during the annual overhauls when testing is time-limited, (ii) the accuracy and reliability of NDT testing devices, (iii) uncertainty of the international uniformity of the methods used for NDT tests, and (iv) the creditability of results and analyses. An effective inspection of concrete components is only possible if the deterioration processes are identified and robust NDT testing techniques are available. This paper describes the tool developed for selecting suitable NDT methods for NPP structures made of reinforced concrete based on the age and expected degradation mechanisms of the structures under concern. The paper also assesses critically the NDT techniques that fulfil the needs of the safety evaluation of NPPs in Finland and are currently available for testing of NPP concrete structures.The tool comprises (i) the building materials used in structural components, (ii) ageing defects affecting NPP concrete structures, (iii) available NDT techniques and (iv) inspection schedule for concrete structures recommended for Finnish NPPs.

    KW - NDT matrix

    M3 - Conference article in proceedings

    T3 - Transactions of the International conference on structural mechanics in reactor technology

    BT - Transactions of SMiRT-24

    PB - International Assn for Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology IASMiRT

    CY - The Netherlands

    ER -

    Al Neshawy F, Ferreira M, Bohner E, Puttonen J. NDT Matrix - A tool for selecting non-destructive testing methods for NPP concrete structures. In Transactions of SMiRT-24. The Netherlands: International Assn for Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology IASMiRT . 2017. (Transactions of the International conference on structural mechanics in reactor technology; No. 24).