Near field analysis of a thick lens and horn combination: Theory and measurements

Jussi Tuovinen, T. Hirvonen, Antti Räisänen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


At millimeter-waves quasi-optical systems are commonly designed based on the Gaussian beam and thin lens approximation.
The accuracy of the Gaussian beam and thin lens approximation was studied in the case of a corrugated horn and a thick Teflon lens (focal length to lens diameter ratio f/D=1.2) combination at 87 GHz. A special near-field measurement system was constructed.
A large disagreement between the measured and theoretical values with the approximative method was obtained. The measurements showed that the thin lens approximation breaks down when the distance from the input beam waist to the lens is less than 1.5 D.
Theoretical values obtained with a thick lens model based on ray tracing and use of exact Huygens' aperture integration principle agree well with the measurements.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)613-619
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1992
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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