Near-Field UHF RFID Transponder with a Screen-Printed Graphene Antenna

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    21 Citations (Scopus)


    As a method of producing radio frequency identification (RFID) tags, printed graphene provides a low-cost and eco-friendly alternative to the etching of aluminum or copper. The high resistivity of graphene, however, sets a challenge for the antenna design. In practice, it has led to using very large antennas in the ultrahigh-frequency (UHF) RFID far-field tags demonstrated before. Using inductive near field as the coupling method between the reader and the tag is an alternative to the radiating far field also at UHF. The read range of such a near-field tag is very short, but on the other hand, the tag is extremely simple and small. In this paper, near-field UHF RFID transponders with screen-printed graphene antennas are presented, and the effect of the dimensions of the tag and the attachment method of the microchip studied. The attachment of the microchip is an important step of the fabrication process of a tag that has its impact on the final cost of a tag. Of the tags demonstrated, even the smallest one with the outer dimensions of 21 mm × 18 mm and the chip attached with isotropic conductive adhesive (ICA) was readable from a distance of 10 mm with an RF power marginal of 19 dB, which demonstrates that an operational and small graphene-based UHF RFID tag can be fabricated with low-cost industrial processes.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)616-623
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    This work was supported in part by the European Commission within the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Program through the Graphene Flagship Project under Grant 785219 and in part by the VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd.


    • Antenna
    • graphene
    • inductive near field
    • ink
    • integration
    • isotropic conductive adhesive (ICA)
    • near-field ultrahigh-frequency (UHF) radio frequency identification (RFID)
    • printing
    • RFID
    • OtaNano


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