Near-Field UHF RFID Transponder with a Screen-Printed Graphene Antenna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

As a method of producing radio frequency identification (RFID) tags, printed graphene provides a low-cost and eco-friendly alternative to the etching of aluminum or copper. The high resistivity of graphene, however, sets a challenge for the antenna design. In practice, it has led to using very large antennas in the ultrahigh-frequency (UHF) RFID far-field tags demonstrated before. Using inductive near field as the coupling method between the reader and the tag is an alternative to the radiating far field also at UHF. The read range of such a near-field tag is very short, but on the other hand, the tag is extremely simple and small. In this paper, near-field UHF RFID transponders with screen-printed graphene antennas are presented, and the effect of the dimensions of the tag and the attachment method of the microchip studied. The attachment of the microchip is an important step of the fabrication process of a tag that has its impact on the final cost of a tag. Of the tags demonstrated, even the smallest one with the outer dimensions of 21 mm × 18 mm and the chip attached with isotropic conductive adhesive (ICA) was readable from a distance of 10 mm with an RF power marginal of 19 dB, which demonstrates that an operational and small graphene-based UHF RFID tag can be fabricated with low-cost industrial processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)616-623
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Transponders
Graphite
Radio frequency identification (RFID)
Graphene
Antennas
Costs
Aluminum
Copper
Etching
Adhesives
Fabrication

Keywords

  • Antenna
  • graphene
  • inductive near field
  • ink
  • integration
  • isotropic conductive adhesive (ICA)
  • near-field ultrahigh-frequency (UHF) radio frequency identification (RFID)
  • printing
  • RFID

Cite this

@article{27ad1c323869460f90a0e9dbee7cedcb,
title = "Near-Field UHF RFID Transponder with a Screen-Printed Graphene Antenna",
abstract = "As a method of producing radio frequency identification (RFID) tags, printed graphene provides a low-cost and eco-friendly alternative to the etching of aluminum or copper. The high resistivity of graphene, however, sets a challenge for the antenna design. In practice, it has led to using very large antennas in the ultrahigh-frequency (UHF) RFID far-field tags demonstrated before. Using inductive near field as the coupling method between the reader and the tag is an alternative to the radiating far field also at UHF. The read range of such a near-field tag is very short, but on the other hand, the tag is extremely simple and small. In this paper, near-field UHF RFID transponders with screen-printed graphene antennas are presented, and the effect of the dimensions of the tag and the attachment method of the microchip studied. The attachment of the microchip is an important step of the fabrication process of a tag that has its impact on the final cost of a tag. Of the tags demonstrated, even the smallest one with the outer dimensions of 21 mm × 18 mm and the chip attached with isotropic conductive adhesive (ICA) was readable from a distance of 10 mm with an RF power marginal of 19 dB, which demonstrates that an operational and small graphene-based UHF RFID tag can be fabricated with low-cost industrial processes.",
keywords = "Antenna, graphene, inductive near field, ink, integration, isotropic conductive adhesive (ICA), near-field ultrahigh-frequency (UHF) radio frequency identification (RFID), printing, RFID",
author = "Kaarle Jaakkola and Henrik Sandberg and Markku Lahti and Vladimir Ermolov",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1109/TCPMT.2019.2902322",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "616--623",
journal = "IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology",
issn = "2156-3950",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Near-Field UHF RFID Transponder with a Screen-Printed Graphene Antenna

AU - Jaakkola, Kaarle

AU - Sandberg, Henrik

AU - Lahti, Markku

AU - Ermolov, Vladimir

PY - 2019/4

Y1 - 2019/4

N2 - As a method of producing radio frequency identification (RFID) tags, printed graphene provides a low-cost and eco-friendly alternative to the etching of aluminum or copper. The high resistivity of graphene, however, sets a challenge for the antenna design. In practice, it has led to using very large antennas in the ultrahigh-frequency (UHF) RFID far-field tags demonstrated before. Using inductive near field as the coupling method between the reader and the tag is an alternative to the radiating far field also at UHF. The read range of such a near-field tag is very short, but on the other hand, the tag is extremely simple and small. In this paper, near-field UHF RFID transponders with screen-printed graphene antennas are presented, and the effect of the dimensions of the tag and the attachment method of the microchip studied. The attachment of the microchip is an important step of the fabrication process of a tag that has its impact on the final cost of a tag. Of the tags demonstrated, even the smallest one with the outer dimensions of 21 mm × 18 mm and the chip attached with isotropic conductive adhesive (ICA) was readable from a distance of 10 mm with an RF power marginal of 19 dB, which demonstrates that an operational and small graphene-based UHF RFID tag can be fabricated with low-cost industrial processes.

AB - As a method of producing radio frequency identification (RFID) tags, printed graphene provides a low-cost and eco-friendly alternative to the etching of aluminum or copper. The high resistivity of graphene, however, sets a challenge for the antenna design. In practice, it has led to using very large antennas in the ultrahigh-frequency (UHF) RFID far-field tags demonstrated before. Using inductive near field as the coupling method between the reader and the tag is an alternative to the radiating far field also at UHF. The read range of such a near-field tag is very short, but on the other hand, the tag is extremely simple and small. In this paper, near-field UHF RFID transponders with screen-printed graphene antennas are presented, and the effect of the dimensions of the tag and the attachment method of the microchip studied. The attachment of the microchip is an important step of the fabrication process of a tag that has its impact on the final cost of a tag. Of the tags demonstrated, even the smallest one with the outer dimensions of 21 mm × 18 mm and the chip attached with isotropic conductive adhesive (ICA) was readable from a distance of 10 mm with an RF power marginal of 19 dB, which demonstrates that an operational and small graphene-based UHF RFID tag can be fabricated with low-cost industrial processes.

KW - Antenna

KW - graphene

KW - inductive near field

KW - ink

KW - integration

KW - isotropic conductive adhesive (ICA)

KW - near-field ultrahigh-frequency (UHF) radio frequency identification (RFID)

KW - printing

KW - RFID

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85063890461&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/TCPMT.2019.2902322

DO - 10.1109/TCPMT.2019.2902322

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 616

EP - 623

JO - IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology

JF - IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology

SN - 2156-3950

IS - 4

ER -