Near zero CO2 emissions in coal firing with oxy-fuel circulating fluidized bed boiler

K. Myöhänen (Corresponding Author), T. Hyppänen, Toni Pikkarainen, T. Eriksson, A. Hotta

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    55 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Carbon capture and storage is a concept to reduce greenhouse gas emissions of energy production from fossil fuels. In oxy‐fuel combustion, the fuel is burned in a mixture of oxygen and recycled flue gas. This generates CO2‐rich flue gas from which the CO2 is easily separated and compressed. Foster Wheeler Power Group is developing the existing design tools and process models of air‐fired circulating fluidized bed boilers to implement specific features of oxycombustion. The validation data is produced from bench‐scale and pilot‐scale experiments at the VTT, Technical Research Centre of Finland. A three‐dimensional circulating fluidized bed (CFB) furnace model is developed and applied by Lappeenranta University of Technology for predicting the effects of oxycombustion in full scale units. This paper presents concept studies and initial 3D modeling results based on a 460 MWe supercritical CFB power plant at Lagisza, and pilot‐scale studies with flue gas recirculation demonstrating real oxygen combustion conditions.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)355-363
    Number of pages9
    JournalChemical Engineering and Technology
    Volume32
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Keywords

    • Carbon capture
    • Circulating fluidized beds
    • Modeling
    • Oxy-fuel combustion
    • Pilot testing

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