Neutron activation analysis of semiconductor materials

Eeva-Liisa Lakomaa, Pentti Manninen, Rolf Rosenberg, Riitta Zilliacus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Two examples of the use of neutron activation analysis for the characterization of semiconductor materials are given. 23 elements were determined in ASTM silicon intercomparison samples. Most elements are below the detection limits, which vary between 0.009–300 ng/g. CdS/CdTe thin films have been characterized by determining the Cd, Te, Cl, I and In concentrations of dissolved films. Parallel determinations in different samples of films prepared under identical conditions agreed within 0–53% (average deviation 21%) for Cl, Cd, In and I in CdS and 1.6–22% (average 8.7%) for Cd and Te in CdS/CdTe, respectively. It was determined both by NAA and resonance ionization spectrometry (RIS). The order of magnitude of the results was 1 ng/g and they agree within the range 7–64% (average difference 25%). The analytical procedures are described and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357 - 366
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Volume168
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Neutron Activation Analysis
Semiconductors
Neutron activation analysis
Semiconductor materials
Silicon
Spectrometry
Ionization
Limit of Detection
Spectrum Analysis
Thin films
cadmium telluride

Cite this

Lakomaa, E-L., Manninen, P., Rosenberg, R., & Zilliacus, R. (1993). Neutron activation analysis of semiconductor materials. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 168(2), 357 - 366. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02040515
Lakomaa, Eeva-Liisa ; Manninen, Pentti ; Rosenberg, Rolf ; Zilliacus, Riitta. / Neutron activation analysis of semiconductor materials. In: Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry. 1993 ; Vol. 168, No. 2. pp. 357 - 366.
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Lakomaa, E-L, Manninen, P, Rosenberg, R & Zilliacus, R 1993, 'Neutron activation analysis of semiconductor materials', Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, vol. 168, no. 2, pp. 357 - 366. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02040515

Neutron activation analysis of semiconductor materials. / Lakomaa, Eeva-Liisa; Manninen, Pentti; Rosenberg, Rolf; Zilliacus, Riitta.

In: Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 168, No. 2, 1993, p. 357 - 366.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Neutron activation analysis of semiconductor materials

AU - Lakomaa, Eeva-Liisa

AU - Manninen, Pentti

AU - Rosenberg, Rolf

AU - Zilliacus, Riitta

PY - 1993

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AB - Two examples of the use of neutron activation analysis for the characterization of semiconductor materials are given. 23 elements were determined in ASTM silicon intercomparison samples. Most elements are below the detection limits, which vary between 0.009–300 ng/g. CdS/CdTe thin films have been characterized by determining the Cd, Te, Cl, I and In concentrations of dissolved films. Parallel determinations in different samples of films prepared under identical conditions agreed within 0–53% (average deviation 21%) for Cl, Cd, In and I in CdS and 1.6–22% (average 8.7%) for Cd and Te in CdS/CdTe, respectively. It was determined both by NAA and resonance ionization spectrometry (RIS). The order of magnitude of the results was 1 ng/g and they agree within the range 7–64% (average difference 25%). The analytical procedures are described and discussed.

U2 - 10.1007/BF02040515

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EP - 366

JO - Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

JF - Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

SN - 0236-5731

IS - 2

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