New aspects for the cracking behavior of wood

Saila Jämsä, Mia Löija, Tuomo Ojanen

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

    Abstract

    Wetting and drying of wood cause stresses and deformations in the material.These changes may cause cracks in the wood and wood coatings.Crack formation is a serious defect that may reduce the service life of the structure.Cracking of wood has usually been studied as a result of stresses induced by moisture content difference between surface and interior.Minor attention has been paid to the stresses between earlywood and latewood.VTT has developed an application based on NIR spectroscopy to determine the moisture content in wood.FT-NIR mapping made it possible to distinguish earlywood and latewood of wood samples and enabled detecting of the moisture distribution along the surface of materials.The NIR- method confirmed the assumption that under the same relative humidity conditions the latewood had a higher moisture content than early wood.In a series of moisture load tests, the cracking of wood was observed to start close to the border of earlywood and latewood, but typically in the early wood region.This is an indication of internal stresses caused by moisture gradients between earlywood and latewood.The dynamic moisture behavior of timber material layer consisting of earlywood and latewood plies having (assumed) different moisture properties were numerically simulated.The results showed how the local moisture gradients might have very high levels and variations by the border of earlywood and latewood during dynamic moisture load conditions.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationApplied Material Research at VTT
    Subtitle of host publicationSymposium on Applied Materials
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Pages214-225
    ISBN (Electronic)951-38-6312-3
    ISBN (Print)951-38-6311-5
    Publication statusPublished - 2006
    MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
    EventInternal Symposium on Applied Materials - Espoo, Finland
    Duration: 8 Jun 20068 Jun 2006

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Symposium
    Number244
    ISSN0357-9387

    Conference

    ConferenceInternal Symposium on Applied Materials
    CountryFinland
    CityEspoo
    Period8/06/068/06/06

    Fingerprint

    Wood
    Moisture
    Timber
    Crack initiation
    Service life
    Wetting
    Residual stresses
    Atmospheric humidity
    Drying
    Spectroscopy
    Cracks
    Coatings
    Defects

    Cite this

    Jämsä, S., Löija, M., & Ojanen, T. (2006). New aspects for the cracking behavior of wood. In Applied Material Research at VTT: Symposium on Applied Materials (pp. 214-225). Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Symposium, No. 244
    Jämsä, Saila ; Löija, Mia ; Ojanen, Tuomo. / New aspects for the cracking behavior of wood. Applied Material Research at VTT: Symposium on Applied Materials. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2006. pp. 214-225 (VTT Symposium; No. 244).
    @inproceedings{d6801856628d48148d749a556030d3b9,
    title = "New aspects for the cracking behavior of wood",
    abstract = "Wetting and drying of wood cause stresses and deformations in the material.These changes may cause cracks in the wood and wood coatings.Crack formation is a serious defect that may reduce the service life of the structure.Cracking of wood has usually been studied as a result of stresses induced by moisture content difference between surface and interior.Minor attention has been paid to the stresses between earlywood and latewood.VTT has developed an application based on NIR spectroscopy to determine the moisture content in wood.FT-NIR mapping made it possible to distinguish earlywood and latewood of wood samples and enabled detecting of the moisture distribution along the surface of materials.The NIR- method confirmed the assumption that under the same relative humidity conditions the latewood had a higher moisture content than early wood.In a series of moisture load tests, the cracking of wood was observed to start close to the border of earlywood and latewood, but typically in the early wood region.This is an indication of internal stresses caused by moisture gradients between earlywood and latewood.The dynamic moisture behavior of timber material layer consisting of earlywood and latewood plies having (assumed) different moisture properties were numerically simulated.The results showed how the local moisture gradients might have very high levels and variations by the border of earlywood and latewood during dynamic moisture load conditions.",
    author = "Saila J{\"a}ms{\"a} and Mia L{\"o}ija and Tuomo Ojanen",
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    language = "English",
    isbn = "951-38-6311-5",
    series = "VTT Symposium",
    publisher = "VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland",
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    pages = "214--225",
    booktitle = "Applied Material Research at VTT",
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    Jämsä, S, Löija, M & Ojanen, T 2006, New aspects for the cracking behavior of wood. in Applied Material Research at VTT: Symposium on Applied Materials. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Symposium, no. 244, pp. 214-225, Internal Symposium on Applied Materials, Espoo, Finland, 8/06/06.

    New aspects for the cracking behavior of wood. / Jämsä, Saila; Löija, Mia; Ojanen, Tuomo.

    Applied Material Research at VTT: Symposium on Applied Materials. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2006. p. 214-225 (VTT Symposium; No. 244).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

    TY - GEN

    T1 - New aspects for the cracking behavior of wood

    AU - Jämsä, Saila

    AU - Löija, Mia

    AU - Ojanen, Tuomo

    PY - 2006

    Y1 - 2006

    N2 - Wetting and drying of wood cause stresses and deformations in the material.These changes may cause cracks in the wood and wood coatings.Crack formation is a serious defect that may reduce the service life of the structure.Cracking of wood has usually been studied as a result of stresses induced by moisture content difference between surface and interior.Minor attention has been paid to the stresses between earlywood and latewood.VTT has developed an application based on NIR spectroscopy to determine the moisture content in wood.FT-NIR mapping made it possible to distinguish earlywood and latewood of wood samples and enabled detecting of the moisture distribution along the surface of materials.The NIR- method confirmed the assumption that under the same relative humidity conditions the latewood had a higher moisture content than early wood.In a series of moisture load tests, the cracking of wood was observed to start close to the border of earlywood and latewood, but typically in the early wood region.This is an indication of internal stresses caused by moisture gradients between earlywood and latewood.The dynamic moisture behavior of timber material layer consisting of earlywood and latewood plies having (assumed) different moisture properties were numerically simulated.The results showed how the local moisture gradients might have very high levels and variations by the border of earlywood and latewood during dynamic moisture load conditions.

    AB - Wetting and drying of wood cause stresses and deformations in the material.These changes may cause cracks in the wood and wood coatings.Crack formation is a serious defect that may reduce the service life of the structure.Cracking of wood has usually been studied as a result of stresses induced by moisture content difference between surface and interior.Minor attention has been paid to the stresses between earlywood and latewood.VTT has developed an application based on NIR spectroscopy to determine the moisture content in wood.FT-NIR mapping made it possible to distinguish earlywood and latewood of wood samples and enabled detecting of the moisture distribution along the surface of materials.The NIR- method confirmed the assumption that under the same relative humidity conditions the latewood had a higher moisture content than early wood.In a series of moisture load tests, the cracking of wood was observed to start close to the border of earlywood and latewood, but typically in the early wood region.This is an indication of internal stresses caused by moisture gradients between earlywood and latewood.The dynamic moisture behavior of timber material layer consisting of earlywood and latewood plies having (assumed) different moisture properties were numerically simulated.The results showed how the local moisture gradients might have very high levels and variations by the border of earlywood and latewood during dynamic moisture load conditions.

    M3 - Conference article in proceedings

    SN - 951-38-6311-5

    T3 - VTT Symposium

    SP - 214

    EP - 225

    BT - Applied Material Research at VTT

    PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

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    Jämsä S, Löija M, Ojanen T. New aspects for the cracking behavior of wood. In Applied Material Research at VTT: Symposium on Applied Materials. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2006. p. 214-225. (VTT Symposium; No. 244).