New concepts for biofuels in transportation: Biomass-based methanol production and reduced emissions in advanced vehicles

Mikael Ohlström, Tuula Mäkinen, Juhani Laurikko, Riitta Pipatti

Research output: Book/ReportReport

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

New production concepts for biomass-based methanol and hydrogen for use as transportation fuels were evaluated. The fuel chain greenhouse gas emissions for these biofuels were estimated and compared with corresponding emissions for gasoline and some other fuels. Concepts with methanol or hydrogen production integrated with pulp and paper production were studied more closely. These concepts were found to increase the total efficiency and lower the production costs compared to stand-alone plants. However, the costs were estimated still to be 2 to 4 times higher than those of fossil transportation fuels on average. The estimation of the fuel chain emissions included emissions from production and distribution of the fuels to end use in selected vehicle types. The estimated total fuel chain greenhouse gas emissions were significantly lower (approximately 80-90%) for the biomass-based methanol and hydrogen fuels than for most of the other considered alternatives. The availability of biomass resources for the production of biomethanol or biohydrogen and the high production costs were estimated to limit the implementation of the process concepts and use of the fuels in transportation. Most promising prospects for biomass-derived methanol or hydrogen were seen as fuels for fuel cell vehicles in urban transportation.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages97
ISBN (Electronic)951-38-5781-6
ISBN (Print)951-38-5780-8
Publication statusPublished - 2001
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

SeriesVTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes
Number2074
ISSN1235-0605

Fingerprint

Biofuels
Biomass
Methanol
Gas emissions
Greenhouse gases
Methanol fuels
Urban transportation
Costs
Hydrogen
Hydrogen fuels
Hydrogen production
Pulp
Gasoline
Fuel cells
Availability

Keywords

  • biomass
  • biofuels
  • wood
  • liquefaction
  • gasification
  • methanol
  • costs
  • emissions
  • greenhouse gases
  • engine fuels

Cite this

Ohlström, M., Mäkinen, T., Laurikko, J., & Pipatti, R. (2001). New concepts for biofuels in transportation: Biomass-based methanol production and reduced emissions in advanced vehicles. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, No. 2074
Ohlström, Mikael ; Mäkinen, Tuula ; Laurikko, Juhani ; Pipatti, Riitta. / New concepts for biofuels in transportation : Biomass-based methanol production and reduced emissions in advanced vehicles. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2001. 97 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2074).
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abstract = "New production concepts for biomass-based methanol and hydrogen for use as transportation fuels were evaluated. The fuel chain greenhouse gas emissions for these biofuels were estimated and compared with corresponding emissions for gasoline and some other fuels. Concepts with methanol or hydrogen production integrated with pulp and paper production were studied more closely. These concepts were found to increase the total efficiency and lower the production costs compared to stand-alone plants. However, the costs were estimated still to be 2 to 4 times higher than those of fossil transportation fuels on average. The estimation of the fuel chain emissions included emissions from production and distribution of the fuels to end use in selected vehicle types. The estimated total fuel chain greenhouse gas emissions were significantly lower (approximately 80-90{\%}) for the biomass-based methanol and hydrogen fuels than for most of the other considered alternatives. The availability of biomass resources for the production of biomethanol or biohydrogen and the high production costs were estimated to limit the implementation of the process concepts and use of the fuels in transportation. Most promising prospects for biomass-derived methanol or hydrogen were seen as fuels for fuel cell vehicles in urban transportation.",
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Ohlström, M, Mäkinen, T, Laurikko, J & Pipatti, R 2001, New concepts for biofuels in transportation: Biomass-based methanol production and reduced emissions in advanced vehicles. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, no. 2074, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

New concepts for biofuels in transportation : Biomass-based methanol production and reduced emissions in advanced vehicles. / Ohlström, Mikael; Mäkinen, Tuula; Laurikko, Juhani; Pipatti, Riitta.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2001. 97 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2074).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

TY - BOOK

T1 - New concepts for biofuels in transportation

T2 - Biomass-based methanol production and reduced emissions in advanced vehicles

AU - Ohlström, Mikael

AU - Mäkinen, Tuula

AU - Laurikko, Juhani

AU - Pipatti, Riitta

N1 - Project code: N8SU00236

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - New production concepts for biomass-based methanol and hydrogen for use as transportation fuels were evaluated. The fuel chain greenhouse gas emissions for these biofuels were estimated and compared with corresponding emissions for gasoline and some other fuels. Concepts with methanol or hydrogen production integrated with pulp and paper production were studied more closely. These concepts were found to increase the total efficiency and lower the production costs compared to stand-alone plants. However, the costs were estimated still to be 2 to 4 times higher than those of fossil transportation fuels on average. The estimation of the fuel chain emissions included emissions from production and distribution of the fuels to end use in selected vehicle types. The estimated total fuel chain greenhouse gas emissions were significantly lower (approximately 80-90%) for the biomass-based methanol and hydrogen fuels than for most of the other considered alternatives. The availability of biomass resources for the production of biomethanol or biohydrogen and the high production costs were estimated to limit the implementation of the process concepts and use of the fuels in transportation. Most promising prospects for biomass-derived methanol or hydrogen were seen as fuels for fuel cell vehicles in urban transportation.

AB - New production concepts for biomass-based methanol and hydrogen for use as transportation fuels were evaluated. The fuel chain greenhouse gas emissions for these biofuels were estimated and compared with corresponding emissions for gasoline and some other fuels. Concepts with methanol or hydrogen production integrated with pulp and paper production were studied more closely. These concepts were found to increase the total efficiency and lower the production costs compared to stand-alone plants. However, the costs were estimated still to be 2 to 4 times higher than those of fossil transportation fuels on average. The estimation of the fuel chain emissions included emissions from production and distribution of the fuels to end use in selected vehicle types. The estimated total fuel chain greenhouse gas emissions were significantly lower (approximately 80-90%) for the biomass-based methanol and hydrogen fuels than for most of the other considered alternatives. The availability of biomass resources for the production of biomethanol or biohydrogen and the high production costs were estimated to limit the implementation of the process concepts and use of the fuels in transportation. Most promising prospects for biomass-derived methanol or hydrogen were seen as fuels for fuel cell vehicles in urban transportation.

KW - biomass

KW - biofuels

KW - wood

KW - liquefaction

KW - gasification

KW - methanol

KW - costs

KW - emissions

KW - greenhouse gases

KW - engine fuels

M3 - Report

SN - 951-38-5780-8

T3 - VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes

BT - New concepts for biofuels in transportation

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Ohlström M, Mäkinen T, Laurikko J, Pipatti R. New concepts for biofuels in transportation: Biomass-based methanol production and reduced emissions in advanced vehicles. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2001. 97 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2074).