New options for biomass-based power production by IGCC: A Finnish research programme - JALO

Kai Sipilä, Yrjö Solantausta, Esa Kurkela

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review


    The share of bioenergy, including waste pulping liquors and wood fuels, in the consumption of primary energy is about 15% in Finland, i.e. one of the highest in the OECD countries. There is a considerable additional use potential in cooking liquors, wood residues and agricultural crops. The extent of utilization is determined by the production cost of biomass as well as advanced conversion technology, compared to fossil fuels. Forest residues will be the most attractive and economical resource compared to agrobiomass, as Finland’s geographical position is northern and hence the harvest levels are rather low. The additional use would especially concern power production at industrial and municipal cogeneration plants. Biotechnically or thermochemically produced liquid fuels might also be attractive especially as oxygenates in reformulated gasoline.

    Assessments of technical and economic alternatives of using biomass in Finland’s energy supply have been carried out within the energy planning and research programmes co-financed by the Ministry of Trade and Industry (MTI) and by the industry. New potential uses are, in particular, power and heat production. The National Research Programme on Fuel Conversion - JALO - focuses on IGCC technology for biomass, including black liquor, peat, etc. The Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT) has IGCC test rigs for solid fuels and black liquor in operation. Private companies have constructed pilot units and are ready to start the construction of demonstration plants for solid fuels in the near future. International co-operation within IEA and EC plays an important role.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationAdvances in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion
    EditorsA.V. Bridgewater
    Place of PublicationDordrecht
    ISBN (Electronic)978-94-011-1336-6
    ISBN (Print)978-94-010-4582-7
    Publication statusPublished - 1993
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    EventAdvances in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion - Interlaken, Switzerland
    Duration: 11 May 199215 May 1992


    ConferenceAdvances in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion


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