New two-fluid flow formalism: Separation of the flow according to velocities

Markku Rajamäki, Mika Saarinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


A new formalism of two-phase flow has been derived. In this formalism the distributions of the phases and their velocities art not treated as uniform in the cross-sectional areas occupied by the fluids, but transverse spatial dependencies are allowed. With suitable dependencies and without using nonphysical fittings, the equation system is well posed; in other words, the characteristic velocities are real.

The couplings of the unknown variables create obstacles to numerical solution, but they are easily overcome with a new shape-preserving method, PLIM.

The necessary constitutive laws, which appear as the source terms of the equations, have been obtained by considering the time-independent case. The approach is applied to one-dimensional situations in which the total volumetric flux changes rapidly.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)439-454
JournalNumerical Heat Transfer Part B: Fundamentals
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1994
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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