Non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions from boilers and industrial processes: Evaluation and update of emission factors for the Finnish national greenhouse gas inventory

Eemeli Tsupari, Suvi Monni, Riitta Pipatti

Research output: Book/ReportReport

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Finland is obligated to report anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions annually to the UNFCCC. Inventories of greenhouse gas emissions and methodologies used have to be well based and documented. The aim of this report is to give input to Finnish greenhouse gas inventory of energy (stationary combustion) and industrial sectors. The emission factors for the industrial processes used in the inventory are based both on plant-specific factors and the IPCC default values. The currently used emission factors for the non-CO2 greenhouse gases from combustion are mainly based on studies done at the beginning of 1990's, even though small modifications to the emission calculation model have been done afterwards. Since 1990, significant changes have occurred in plant design and maintenance, operating conditions and composition of fuels. In addition, knowledge of emission generating processes has increased world-wide. In this study, the non-CO2 emission factors (mainly CH4 and N2O, and at a lesser extent, CO and NMVOC) for combustion and industrial processes used in the Finnish greenhouse gas inventory are evaluated based on domestic and international literature, available measurement data and expert interviews. Results of this study revealed many potential areas for improvements in the inventory. Consequently, recommendations to update the CH4 and N2O emission factors from boilers and industrial processes are given including guidance on the level of the calculations. The time dependency and uncertainties of the emission factors are also considered. In addition, effect of load and fuel mixes on emissions is examined. Areas for further research are also indicated.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages110
ISBN (Electronic)951-38-6760-9
ISBN (Print)951-38-6759-5
Publication statusPublished - 2005
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

SeriesVTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes
Number2321
ISSN1235-0605

Fingerprint

greenhouse gas
combustion
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
industrial process
emission factor
evaluation
boiler
methodology
energy
calculation

Keywords

  • greenhouse gases
  • emission factors
  • energy production
  • stationary combustion
  • co-firing
  • industrial processes
  • nitrous oxide
  • volatile organic compounds
  • methane
  • carbon monoxide
  • recommendations
  • CO
  • CH4
  • N2O
  • NMVOC

Cite this

Tsupari, E., Monni, S., & Pipatti, R. (2005). Non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions from boilers and industrial processes: Evaluation and update of emission factors for the Finnish national greenhouse gas inventory. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, No. 2321
Tsupari, Eemeli ; Monni, Suvi ; Pipatti, Riitta. / Non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions from boilers and industrial processes : Evaluation and update of emission factors for the Finnish national greenhouse gas inventory. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2005. 110 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2321).
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Tsupari, E, Monni, S & Pipatti, R 2005, Non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions from boilers and industrial processes: Evaluation and update of emission factors for the Finnish national greenhouse gas inventory. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, no. 2321, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

Non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions from boilers and industrial processes : Evaluation and update of emission factors for the Finnish national greenhouse gas inventory. / Tsupari, Eemeli; Monni, Suvi; Pipatti, Riitta.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2005. 110 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2321).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

TY - BOOK

T1 - Non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions from boilers and industrial processes

T2 - Evaluation and update of emission factors for the Finnish national greenhouse gas inventory

AU - Tsupari, Eemeli

AU - Monni, Suvi

AU - Pipatti, Riitta

N1 - Project code: 35päästökert

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - Finland is obligated to report anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions annually to the UNFCCC. Inventories of greenhouse gas emissions and methodologies used have to be well based and documented. The aim of this report is to give input to Finnish greenhouse gas inventory of energy (stationary combustion) and industrial sectors. The emission factors for the industrial processes used in the inventory are based both on plant-specific factors and the IPCC default values. The currently used emission factors for the non-CO2 greenhouse gases from combustion are mainly based on studies done at the beginning of 1990's, even though small modifications to the emission calculation model have been done afterwards. Since 1990, significant changes have occurred in plant design and maintenance, operating conditions and composition of fuels. In addition, knowledge of emission generating processes has increased world-wide. In this study, the non-CO2 emission factors (mainly CH4 and N2O, and at a lesser extent, CO and NMVOC) for combustion and industrial processes used in the Finnish greenhouse gas inventory are evaluated based on domestic and international literature, available measurement data and expert interviews. Results of this study revealed many potential areas for improvements in the inventory. Consequently, recommendations to update the CH4 and N2O emission factors from boilers and industrial processes are given including guidance on the level of the calculations. The time dependency and uncertainties of the emission factors are also considered. In addition, effect of load and fuel mixes on emissions is examined. Areas for further research are also indicated.

AB - Finland is obligated to report anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions annually to the UNFCCC. Inventories of greenhouse gas emissions and methodologies used have to be well based and documented. The aim of this report is to give input to Finnish greenhouse gas inventory of energy (stationary combustion) and industrial sectors. The emission factors for the industrial processes used in the inventory are based both on plant-specific factors and the IPCC default values. The currently used emission factors for the non-CO2 greenhouse gases from combustion are mainly based on studies done at the beginning of 1990's, even though small modifications to the emission calculation model have been done afterwards. Since 1990, significant changes have occurred in plant design and maintenance, operating conditions and composition of fuels. In addition, knowledge of emission generating processes has increased world-wide. In this study, the non-CO2 emission factors (mainly CH4 and N2O, and at a lesser extent, CO and NMVOC) for combustion and industrial processes used in the Finnish greenhouse gas inventory are evaluated based on domestic and international literature, available measurement data and expert interviews. Results of this study revealed many potential areas for improvements in the inventory. Consequently, recommendations to update the CH4 and N2O emission factors from boilers and industrial processes are given including guidance on the level of the calculations. The time dependency and uncertainties of the emission factors are also considered. In addition, effect of load and fuel mixes on emissions is examined. Areas for further research are also indicated.

KW - greenhouse gases

KW - emission factors

KW - energy production

KW - stationary combustion

KW - co-firing

KW - industrial processes

KW - nitrous oxide

KW - volatile organic compounds

KW - methane

KW - carbon monoxide

KW - recommendations

KW - CO

KW - CH4

KW - N2O

KW - NMVOC

M3 - Report

SN - 951-38-6759-5

T3 - VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes

BT - Non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions from boilers and industrial processes

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Tsupari E, Monni S, Pipatti R. Non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions from boilers and industrial processes: Evaluation and update of emission factors for the Finnish national greenhouse gas inventory. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2005. 110 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2321).