Non-destructive automatic determination of aspect ratio and cross-sectional properties of fibres

Arttu Miettinen, Antti Ojala, Lisa Wikström, Roberts Joffe, Bo Madsen, Kalle Nättinen, Markku Kataja

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A novel method for computerised estimation of the aspect ratio distribution and various cross-sectional geometrical properties of fibres in short-fibre reinforced composites is proposed. The method, based on X-ray micro-computed tomography, is non-destructive and does not require user intervention. Based on results on specially fabricated model material, the accuracy and precision of the method seems adequate. The method is applied in analysing a manufacturing process of wood fibre reinforced thermoplastic composite. The results indicate a significant decrease of the aspect ratio of fibres during the processing steps. Finally, the feasibility of the method is assessed by estimating parameters of a micromechanical model for flax fibre composites and comparing the results with those from tensile tests.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-194
JournalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Volume77
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Aspect ratio
Fibers
Composite materials
Flax
Thermoplastics
Tomography
Wood
X rays
Processing

Keywords

  • non-destructive testing
  • statistical properties
  • fibres
  • x-ray tomography

Cite this

Miettinen, Arttu ; Ojala, Antti ; Wikström, Lisa ; Joffe, Roberts ; Madsen, Bo ; Nättinen, Kalle ; Kataja, Markku. / Non-destructive automatic determination of aspect ratio and cross-sectional properties of fibres. In: Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing. 2015 ; Vol. 77. pp. 188-194.
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Non-destructive automatic determination of aspect ratio and cross-sectional properties of fibres. / Miettinen, Arttu; Ojala, Antti; Wikström, Lisa; Joffe, Roberts; Madsen, Bo; Nättinen, Kalle; Kataja, Markku.

In: Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, Vol. 77, 2015, p. 188-194.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Miettinen, Arttu

AU - Ojala, Antti

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AU - Joffe, Roberts

AU - Madsen, Bo

AU - Nättinen, Kalle

AU - Kataja, Markku

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AB - A novel method for computerised estimation of the aspect ratio distribution and various cross-sectional geometrical properties of fibres in short-fibre reinforced composites is proposed. The method, based on X-ray micro-computed tomography, is non-destructive and does not require user intervention. Based on results on specially fabricated model material, the accuracy and precision of the method seems adequate. The method is applied in analysing a manufacturing process of wood fibre reinforced thermoplastic composite. The results indicate a significant decrease of the aspect ratio of fibres during the processing steps. Finally, the feasibility of the method is assessed by estimating parameters of a micromechanical model for flax fibre composites and comparing the results with those from tensile tests.

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