Novel hybrid flax reinforced supersap composites in automotive applications

Jinchun Zhu, Kirsi Immonen, Christophe Avril, James Brighton, Huijun Zhu, Hrushikesh Abhyankar (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Flax fibre bio-epoxy composites have not found many commercial uses in structural applications on account of their lack of cost efficiency and high susceptibility to environmental changes. Non-woven flax mats were subjected to alkali, acetylation, silane and enzymatic treatment, and then combined with untreated unidirectional (UD) flax fabrics to make hybrid flax bio-epoxy composites. Mechanical and environmental resistance (aging) tests were performed on the treated flax fibres. The glass transition temperature was detected at about 75 °C with little effect of treatments. Untreated composites were found to have a tensile strength of 180 MPa while no significant improvement was observed for any of the treatments, which are also not environmentally friendly. The amiopropyltriethoxysilane (APS) composites after Xenon aging, retained the tensile strength of 175 MPa and a modulus of 11.5 GPa, while untreated composites showed 35% reduction in elastic modulus.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-89
JournalFibers
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Flax
Composite materials
Tensile strength
Aging of materials
Silanes
Acetylation
Xenon
Fibers
Alkalies
Elastic moduli
Costs

Keywords

  • hybrid flax
  • supersap bi-epoxy
  • mechanical properties
  • environmental resistance

Cite this

Zhu, Jinchun ; Immonen, Kirsi ; Avril, Christophe ; Brighton, James ; Zhu, Huijun ; Abhyankar, Hrushikesh. / Novel hybrid flax reinforced supersap composites in automotive applications. In: Fibers. 2015 ; Vol. 3, No. 1. pp. 76-89.
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title = "Novel hybrid flax reinforced supersap composites in automotive applications",
abstract = "Flax fibre bio-epoxy composites have not found many commercial uses in structural applications on account of their lack of cost efficiency and high susceptibility to environmental changes. Non-woven flax mats were subjected to alkali, acetylation, silane and enzymatic treatment, and then combined with untreated unidirectional (UD) flax fabrics to make hybrid flax bio-epoxy composites. Mechanical and environmental resistance (aging) tests were performed on the treated flax fibres. The glass transition temperature was detected at about 75 °C with little effect of treatments. Untreated composites were found to have a tensile strength of 180 MPa while no significant improvement was observed for any of the treatments, which are also not environmentally friendly. The amiopropyltriethoxysilane (APS) composites after Xenon aging, retained the tensile strength of 175 MPa and a modulus of 11.5 GPa, while untreated composites showed 35{\%} reduction in elastic modulus.",
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Zhu, J, Immonen, K, Avril, C, Brighton, J, Zhu, H & Abhyankar, H 2015, 'Novel hybrid flax reinforced supersap composites in automotive applications', Fibers, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 76-89. https://doi.org/10.3390/fib3010076

Novel hybrid flax reinforced supersap composites in automotive applications. / Zhu, Jinchun; Immonen, Kirsi; Avril, Christophe; Brighton, James; Zhu, Huijun; Abhyankar, Hrushikesh (Corresponding Author).

In: Fibers, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2015, p. 76-89.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Novel hybrid flax reinforced supersap composites in automotive applications

AU - Zhu, Jinchun

AU - Immonen, Kirsi

AU - Avril, Christophe

AU - Brighton, James

AU - Zhu, Huijun

AU - Abhyankar, Hrushikesh

N1 - Project code: 70473

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Flax fibre bio-epoxy composites have not found many commercial uses in structural applications on account of their lack of cost efficiency and high susceptibility to environmental changes. Non-woven flax mats were subjected to alkali, acetylation, silane and enzymatic treatment, and then combined with untreated unidirectional (UD) flax fabrics to make hybrid flax bio-epoxy composites. Mechanical and environmental resistance (aging) tests were performed on the treated flax fibres. The glass transition temperature was detected at about 75 °C with little effect of treatments. Untreated composites were found to have a tensile strength of 180 MPa while no significant improvement was observed for any of the treatments, which are also not environmentally friendly. The amiopropyltriethoxysilane (APS) composites after Xenon aging, retained the tensile strength of 175 MPa and a modulus of 11.5 GPa, while untreated composites showed 35% reduction in elastic modulus.

AB - Flax fibre bio-epoxy composites have not found many commercial uses in structural applications on account of their lack of cost efficiency and high susceptibility to environmental changes. Non-woven flax mats were subjected to alkali, acetylation, silane and enzymatic treatment, and then combined with untreated unidirectional (UD) flax fabrics to make hybrid flax bio-epoxy composites. Mechanical and environmental resistance (aging) tests were performed on the treated flax fibres. The glass transition temperature was detected at about 75 °C with little effect of treatments. Untreated composites were found to have a tensile strength of 180 MPa while no significant improvement was observed for any of the treatments, which are also not environmentally friendly. The amiopropyltriethoxysilane (APS) composites after Xenon aging, retained the tensile strength of 175 MPa and a modulus of 11.5 GPa, while untreated composites showed 35% reduction in elastic modulus.

KW - hybrid flax

KW - supersap bi-epoxy

KW - mechanical properties

KW - environmental resistance

U2 - 10.3390/fib3010076

DO - 10.3390/fib3010076

M3 - Article

VL - 3

SP - 76

EP - 89

JO - Fibers

JF - Fibers

SN - 2079-6439

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ER -