Nuclear DNA content was determined in nuclei isolated from needles, stems and roots of in vitro grown seedlings and from megagametophytes and embryo of mature seeds in three accessions of Pinus sylvestris L. One accession was from Inari, northern Finland at timber line, and two accessions were from the Alpine region in Italy. Nuclei were mechanically isolated by a chopping method, stained with propidium iodide, and DNA content was determined using an EPICS PROFILE laser flow cytometer. Nuclei isolated from leaves of barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv. Sultan; 2C=11.12 pg) were used as an internal standard for measurement of pine nuclei. Mean 1C nuclear DNA content of P. sylvestris was 27.88 pg as determined from megagametophyte tissue. Mean 2C value was 52.25 pg as determined from stem and root tissue, and 55.58 pg as determined from embryo tissue. The ratio of 2C to 1C value was 1.87 and 1.99, respectively. Extracts of nuclei from needles contained propidium iodide-absorbing debris which may have interfered with measurements and resulted in lower 2C values than those obtained from stem and root.
Valkonen, J., Nygren, M., Ylönen, A., & Mannonen, L. (1994). Nuclear DNA content of Pinus sylvestris (L.) as determined by laser flow cytometry. Genetica, 92(3), 203-207. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00132539