Numerical and Experimental Studies on Impact Loaded Concrete Structures

Arja Saarenheimo, Ilkka Hakola, Tuomo Kärnä, Juhani Hyvärinen, Markku Tuomala

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    An experimental set-up has been constructed for medium scale impact tests. The main objective of this effort is to provide data for the calibration and verification of numerical models of a loading scenario where an aircraft impacts against a nuclear power plant. One goal is to develop and take in use numerical methods for predicting response of reinforced concrete structures to impacts of deformable projectiles that may contain combustible liquid (“fuel”). Loading, structural behaviour, like collapsing mechanism and the damage grade, will be predicted by simple analytical methods and using non-linear FE-method. In the so-called Riera method the behavior of the missile material is assumed to be rigid plastic or rigid visco-plastic. Using elastic plastic and elastic visco-plastic material models calculations are carried out by ABAQUS/Explicit finite element code, assuming axisymmetric deformation mode for the missile. With both methods, typically, the impact force time history, the velocity of the missile rear end and the missile shortening during the impact were recorded for comparisons.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication14th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering
    Subtitle of host publicationSafety and Security; Low Level Waste Management, Decontamination and Decommissioning; Nuclear Industry Forum
    PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME
    Pages249-261
    Volume5
    ISBN (Electronic) 0-7918-3783-1
    ISBN (Print)0-7918-4246-0
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2006
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    Event14th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering - Miami, United States
    Duration: 17 Jul 200620 Jul 2006

    Conference

    Conference14th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering
    CountryUnited States
    CityMiami
    Period17/07/0620/07/06

    Fingerprint

    Missiles
    Concrete construction
    Plastics
    Liquid fuels
    ABAQUS
    Projectiles
    Nuclear power plants
    Reinforced concrete
    Numerical models
    Numerical methods
    Aircraft
    Calibration

    Cite this

    Saarenheimo, A., Hakola, I., Kärnä, T., Hyvärinen, J., & Tuomala, M. (2006). Numerical and Experimental Studies on Impact Loaded Concrete Structures. In 14th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering: Safety and Security; Low Level Waste Management, Decontamination and Decommissioning; Nuclear Industry Forum (Vol. 5, pp. 249-261). [ICONE14-89477] American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE14-89477
    Saarenheimo, Arja ; Hakola, Ilkka ; Kärnä, Tuomo ; Hyvärinen, Juhani ; Tuomala, Markku. / Numerical and Experimental Studies on Impact Loaded Concrete Structures. 14th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering: Safety and Security; Low Level Waste Management, Decontamination and Decommissioning; Nuclear Industry Forum. Vol. 5 American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME, 2006. pp. 249-261
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    title = "Numerical and Experimental Studies on Impact Loaded Concrete Structures",
    abstract = "An experimental set-up has been constructed for medium scale impact tests. The main objective of this effort is to provide data for the calibration and verification of numerical models of a loading scenario where an aircraft impacts against a nuclear power plant. One goal is to develop and take in use numerical methods for predicting response of reinforced concrete structures to impacts of deformable projectiles that may contain combustible liquid (“fuel”). Loading, structural behaviour, like collapsing mechanism and the damage grade, will be predicted by simple analytical methods and using non-linear FE-method. In the so-called Riera method the behavior of the missile material is assumed to be rigid plastic or rigid visco-plastic. Using elastic plastic and elastic visco-plastic material models calculations are carried out by ABAQUS/Explicit finite element code, assuming axisymmetric deformation mode for the missile. With both methods, typically, the impact force time history, the velocity of the missile rear end and the missile shortening during the impact were recorded for comparisons.",
    author = "Arja Saarenheimo and Ilkka Hakola and Tuomo K{\"a}rn{\"a} and Juhani Hyv{\"a}rinen and Markku Tuomala",
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    doi = "10.1115/ICONE14-89477",
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    Saarenheimo, A, Hakola, I, Kärnä, T, Hyvärinen, J & Tuomala, M 2006, Numerical and Experimental Studies on Impact Loaded Concrete Structures. in 14th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering: Safety and Security; Low Level Waste Management, Decontamination and Decommissioning; Nuclear Industry Forum. vol. 5, ICONE14-89477, American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME, pp. 249-261, 14th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering, Miami, United States, 17/07/06. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE14-89477

    Numerical and Experimental Studies on Impact Loaded Concrete Structures. / Saarenheimo, Arja; Hakola, Ilkka; Kärnä, Tuomo; Hyvärinen, Juhani; Tuomala, Markku.

    14th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering: Safety and Security; Low Level Waste Management, Decontamination and Decommissioning; Nuclear Industry Forum. Vol. 5 American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME, 2006. p. 249-261 ICONE14-89477.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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    AU - Tuomala, Markku

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    AB - An experimental set-up has been constructed for medium scale impact tests. The main objective of this effort is to provide data for the calibration and verification of numerical models of a loading scenario where an aircraft impacts against a nuclear power plant. One goal is to develop and take in use numerical methods for predicting response of reinforced concrete structures to impacts of deformable projectiles that may contain combustible liquid (“fuel”). Loading, structural behaviour, like collapsing mechanism and the damage grade, will be predicted by simple analytical methods and using non-linear FE-method. In the so-called Riera method the behavior of the missile material is assumed to be rigid plastic or rigid visco-plastic. Using elastic plastic and elastic visco-plastic material models calculations are carried out by ABAQUS/Explicit finite element code, assuming axisymmetric deformation mode for the missile. With both methods, typically, the impact force time history, the velocity of the missile rear end and the missile shortening during the impact were recorded for comparisons.

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    Saarenheimo A, Hakola I, Kärnä T, Hyvärinen J, Tuomala M. Numerical and Experimental Studies on Impact Loaded Concrete Structures. In 14th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering: Safety and Security; Low Level Waste Management, Decontamination and Decommissioning; Nuclear Industry Forum. Vol. 5. American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME. 2006. p. 249-261. ICONE14-89477 https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE14-89477