Numerical case studies of the ice loads to an Azimuthing thruster during the ridge interaction

Jaakko Heinonen, Juha Kurkela, Aki Kinnunen, Pekka Koskinen, Matti Jussila

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    An interaction between an azimuthing thruster and an ice ridge was simulated by the finite element method (FEM). An explicit solution algorithm was utilized, which enabled an efficient way to simulate ice failure in a dynamic analysis. The model described the whole ridge: the sail and keel consisting of ice rubble and the consolidated layer close to the waterline. The geometry of ridge was discretized by the finite elements. The azimuthing thruster including a part of ship body was modelled as a 3-dimensional rigid structure. The failure of rubble was modelled with a shear-cap material model. Spatially distributed material parameters together with the Concrete Damaged Plasticity -model (CDP) were applied to simulate the failure of the consolidated layer In the selected case, the ship moves backwards with an initial velocity against the ridge. It was assumed that the propeller does not rotate. The numerical study introduced basic understanding about how the ridge fails during the interaction with the ship hull and thruster body, how the ice loads are distributed and how large the overall ice loads for the thruster are. Three different ridge geometries were studied representing mild, typical and extreme conditions in Baltic Sea. Also, the parametric study included a variation of the initial velocity of the ship and the steering angle of the thruster. The simulations show a good correlation with the full-scale ice load measurements. The simulation results will be further utilized as background information for the upcoming proposal of the Finnish Swedish Ice Class Rules for Propulsion Machinery regarding Azimuthing thrusters.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 22nd IAHR International Symposium on Ice, ICE 2014
    Number of pages8
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    Event22nd IAHR International Symposium on Ice, ICE 2014 - Singapore, China
    Duration: 11 Aug 201415 Aug 2014

    Conference

    Conference22nd IAHR International Symposium on Ice, ICE 2014
    Abbreviated titleICE 2014
    CountryChina
    CitySingapore
    Period11/08/1415/08/14

    Fingerprint

    ice
    ice ridge
    geometry
    dynamic analysis
    hull
    machinery
    finite element method
    simulation
    plasticity
    shoreline
    ship
    material

    Cite this

    Heinonen, J., Kurkela, J., Kinnunen, A., Koskinen, P., & Jussila, M. (2014). Numerical case studies of the ice loads to an Azimuthing thruster during the ridge interaction. In Proceedings of the 22nd IAHR International Symposium on Ice, ICE 2014
    Heinonen, Jaakko ; Kurkela, Juha ; Kinnunen, Aki ; Koskinen, Pekka ; Jussila, Matti. / Numerical case studies of the ice loads to an Azimuthing thruster during the ridge interaction. Proceedings of the 22nd IAHR International Symposium on Ice, ICE 2014. 2014.
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    title = "Numerical case studies of the ice loads to an Azimuthing thruster during the ridge interaction",
    abstract = "An interaction between an azimuthing thruster and an ice ridge was simulated by the finite element method (FEM). An explicit solution algorithm was utilized, which enabled an efficient way to simulate ice failure in a dynamic analysis. The model described the whole ridge: the sail and keel consisting of ice rubble and the consolidated layer close to the waterline. The geometry of ridge was discretized by the finite elements. The azimuthing thruster including a part of ship body was modelled as a 3-dimensional rigid structure. The failure of rubble was modelled with a shear-cap material model. Spatially distributed material parameters together with the Concrete Damaged Plasticity -model (CDP) were applied to simulate the failure of the consolidated layer In the selected case, the ship moves backwards with an initial velocity against the ridge. It was assumed that the propeller does not rotate. The numerical study introduced basic understanding about how the ridge fails during the interaction with the ship hull and thruster body, how the ice loads are distributed and how large the overall ice loads for the thruster are. Three different ridge geometries were studied representing mild, typical and extreme conditions in Baltic Sea. Also, the parametric study included a variation of the initial velocity of the ship and the steering angle of the thruster. The simulations show a good correlation with the full-scale ice load measurements. The simulation results will be further utilized as background information for the upcoming proposal of the Finnish Swedish Ice Class Rules for Propulsion Machinery regarding Azimuthing thrusters.",
    author = "Jaakko Heinonen and Juha Kurkela and Aki Kinnunen and Pekka Koskinen and Matti Jussila",
    year = "2014",
    language = "English",
    isbn = "978-981-09-0750-1",
    booktitle = "Proceedings of the 22nd IAHR International Symposium on Ice, ICE 2014",

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    Heinonen, J, Kurkela, J, Kinnunen, A, Koskinen, P & Jussila, M 2014, Numerical case studies of the ice loads to an Azimuthing thruster during the ridge interaction. in Proceedings of the 22nd IAHR International Symposium on Ice, ICE 2014. 22nd IAHR International Symposium on Ice, ICE 2014, Singapore, China, 11/08/14.

    Numerical case studies of the ice loads to an Azimuthing thruster during the ridge interaction. / Heinonen, Jaakko; Kurkela, Juha; Kinnunen, Aki; Koskinen, Pekka; Jussila, Matti.

    Proceedings of the 22nd IAHR International Symposium on Ice, ICE 2014. 2014.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    TY - GEN

    T1 - Numerical case studies of the ice loads to an Azimuthing thruster during the ridge interaction

    AU - Heinonen, Jaakko

    AU - Kurkela, Juha

    AU - Kinnunen, Aki

    AU - Koskinen, Pekka

    AU - Jussila, Matti

    PY - 2014

    Y1 - 2014

    N2 - An interaction between an azimuthing thruster and an ice ridge was simulated by the finite element method (FEM). An explicit solution algorithm was utilized, which enabled an efficient way to simulate ice failure in a dynamic analysis. The model described the whole ridge: the sail and keel consisting of ice rubble and the consolidated layer close to the waterline. The geometry of ridge was discretized by the finite elements. The azimuthing thruster including a part of ship body was modelled as a 3-dimensional rigid structure. The failure of rubble was modelled with a shear-cap material model. Spatially distributed material parameters together with the Concrete Damaged Plasticity -model (CDP) were applied to simulate the failure of the consolidated layer In the selected case, the ship moves backwards with an initial velocity against the ridge. It was assumed that the propeller does not rotate. The numerical study introduced basic understanding about how the ridge fails during the interaction with the ship hull and thruster body, how the ice loads are distributed and how large the overall ice loads for the thruster are. Three different ridge geometries were studied representing mild, typical and extreme conditions in Baltic Sea. Also, the parametric study included a variation of the initial velocity of the ship and the steering angle of the thruster. The simulations show a good correlation with the full-scale ice load measurements. The simulation results will be further utilized as background information for the upcoming proposal of the Finnish Swedish Ice Class Rules for Propulsion Machinery regarding Azimuthing thrusters.

    AB - An interaction between an azimuthing thruster and an ice ridge was simulated by the finite element method (FEM). An explicit solution algorithm was utilized, which enabled an efficient way to simulate ice failure in a dynamic analysis. The model described the whole ridge: the sail and keel consisting of ice rubble and the consolidated layer close to the waterline. The geometry of ridge was discretized by the finite elements. The azimuthing thruster including a part of ship body was modelled as a 3-dimensional rigid structure. The failure of rubble was modelled with a shear-cap material model. Spatially distributed material parameters together with the Concrete Damaged Plasticity -model (CDP) were applied to simulate the failure of the consolidated layer In the selected case, the ship moves backwards with an initial velocity against the ridge. It was assumed that the propeller does not rotate. The numerical study introduced basic understanding about how the ridge fails during the interaction with the ship hull and thruster body, how the ice loads are distributed and how large the overall ice loads for the thruster are. Three different ridge geometries were studied representing mild, typical and extreme conditions in Baltic Sea. Also, the parametric study included a variation of the initial velocity of the ship and the steering angle of the thruster. The simulations show a good correlation with the full-scale ice load measurements. The simulation results will be further utilized as background information for the upcoming proposal of the Finnish Swedish Ice Class Rules for Propulsion Machinery regarding Azimuthing thrusters.

    M3 - Conference article in proceedings

    SN - 978-981-09-0750-1

    BT - Proceedings of the 22nd IAHR International Symposium on Ice, ICE 2014

    ER -

    Heinonen J, Kurkela J, Kinnunen A, Koskinen P, Jussila M. Numerical case studies of the ice loads to an Azimuthing thruster during the ridge interaction. In Proceedings of the 22nd IAHR International Symposium on Ice, ICE 2014. 2014