Numerical simulations for classification of blast loaded laminated glass: possibilities, limitations and recommendations: ERNCIP thematic Group: Resistance of structures to explosion effects

Alexander Stolz (Editor), Christof Haberacker, Ans van Doormaal, Götz Hüsken, Martin Larcher, Arja Saarenheimo, George Solomos, Laurent Thamie, Chiara Bedon

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    Abstract

    It is important to protect critical buildings (shopping centres, government buildings and embassies), infrastructure and utilities,train and underground stations against being damaged, destroyed or disrupted by deliberate acts of terrorism, criminal activity and malicious behaviour. Normal regulations and building guidelines do not generally take into account these threats. The introduction of appropriate regulations or guidelines, where deemed necessary, should, enhance the resilience of buildings and infrastructure against explosion incidents. In order to protect the built infrastructure, methods are required to quantify the resistance of structural components against explosive loading and to assess the hazards resulting from the failure of an element. The applicable state-of-the-art techniques may include either experimental or numerical methods, or a combination of both. Therefore, the thematic group (TG) on the resistance of structures to explosion effects was formed in order to bring the required expertise together, make it commonly available and to find and define harmonised methods and solutions which can be provided to the decision-makers responsible for critical infrastructure protection. The current report summarizes existing best practices for the numerical finite element modelling of blast loading, including the important topics of domain discretisation, implicit/explicit formulation, Lagrangian/Eulerian solvers, the mathematical description of the material behaviour etc. Furthermore recommendations for the modelling of laminated glass elements are formulated and knowledge gaps in this application area are pointed out. Hence the report builds the basis for an actual evaluation of the different numerical methods, their suitability to certain problems, and their capability to support/complement the experimental testing of glass components. It thus provides helpful information to design architects and engineers, and more generally to critical infrastructure stakeholders, responsible for the structural integrity and security of the infrastructure in case of an explosion.
    Original languageEnglish
    PublisherEuropean Commission EC
    Number of pages39
    ISBN (Print)978-92-79-46172-9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

    Publication series

    SeriesEU Publications
    NumberEUR 27137
    ISSN1018-5593

    Fingerprint

    Explosions
    Critical infrastructures
    Glass
    Numerical methods
    Computer simulation
    Shopping centers
    Terrorism
    Structural integrity
    Hazards
    Engineers
    Testing

    Cite this

    Stolz, Alexander (Editor) ; Haberacker, Christof ; Doormaal, Ans van ; Hüsken, Götz ; Larcher, Martin ; Saarenheimo, Arja ; Solomos, George ; Thamie, Laurent ; Bedon, Chiara. / Numerical simulations for classification of blast loaded laminated glass: possibilities, limitations and recommendations : ERNCIP thematic Group: Resistance of structures to explosion effects. European Commission EC, 2014. 39 p. (EU Publications; No. EUR 27137).
    @book{f6a2136118444c99a459d55100b7ee4c,
    title = "Numerical simulations for classification of blast loaded laminated glass: possibilities, limitations and recommendations: ERNCIP thematic Group: Resistance of structures to explosion effects",
    abstract = "It is important to protect critical buildings (shopping centres, government buildings and embassies), infrastructure and utilities,train and underground stations against being damaged, destroyed or disrupted by deliberate acts of terrorism, criminal activity and malicious behaviour. Normal regulations and building guidelines do not generally take into account these threats. The introduction of appropriate regulations or guidelines, where deemed necessary, should, enhance the resilience of buildings and infrastructure against explosion incidents. In order to protect the built infrastructure, methods are required to quantify the resistance of structural components against explosive loading and to assess the hazards resulting from the failure of an element. The applicable state-of-the-art techniques may include either experimental or numerical methods, or a combination of both. Therefore, the thematic group (TG) on the resistance of structures to explosion effects was formed in order to bring the required expertise together, make it commonly available and to find and define harmonised methods and solutions which can be provided to the decision-makers responsible for critical infrastructure protection. The current report summarizes existing best practices for the numerical finite element modelling of blast loading, including the important topics of domain discretisation, implicit/explicit formulation, Lagrangian/Eulerian solvers, the mathematical description of the material behaviour etc. Furthermore recommendations for the modelling of laminated glass elements are formulated and knowledge gaps in this application area are pointed out. Hence the report builds the basis for an actual evaluation of the different numerical methods, their suitability to certain problems, and their capability to support/complement the experimental testing of glass components. It thus provides helpful information to design architects and engineers, and more generally to critical infrastructure stakeholders, responsible for the structural integrity and security of the infrastructure in case of an explosion.",
    author = "Christof Haberacker and Doormaal, {Ans van} and G{\"o}tz H{\"u}sken and Martin Larcher and Arja Saarenheimo and George Solomos and Laurent Thamie and Chiara Bedon",
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    year = "2014",
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    Stolz, A (ed.), Haberacker, C, Doormaal, AV, Hüsken, G, Larcher, M, Saarenheimo, A, Solomos, G, Thamie, L & Bedon, C 2014, Numerical simulations for classification of blast loaded laminated glass: possibilities, limitations and recommendations: ERNCIP thematic Group: Resistance of structures to explosion effects. EU Publications, no. EUR 27137, European Commission EC. https://doi.org/10.2788/083832

    Numerical simulations for classification of blast loaded laminated glass: possibilities, limitations and recommendations : ERNCIP thematic Group: Resistance of structures to explosion effects. / Stolz, Alexander (Editor); Haberacker, Christof; Doormaal, Ans van; Hüsken, Götz; Larcher, Martin; Saarenheimo, Arja; Solomos, George; Thamie, Laurent; Bedon, Chiara.

    European Commission EC, 2014. 39 p. (EU Publications; No. EUR 27137).

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

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    AU - Solomos, George

    AU - Thamie, Laurent

    AU - Bedon, Chiara

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    AB - It is important to protect critical buildings (shopping centres, government buildings and embassies), infrastructure and utilities,train and underground stations against being damaged, destroyed or disrupted by deliberate acts of terrorism, criminal activity and malicious behaviour. Normal regulations and building guidelines do not generally take into account these threats. The introduction of appropriate regulations or guidelines, where deemed necessary, should, enhance the resilience of buildings and infrastructure against explosion incidents. In order to protect the built infrastructure, methods are required to quantify the resistance of structural components against explosive loading and to assess the hazards resulting from the failure of an element. The applicable state-of-the-art techniques may include either experimental or numerical methods, or a combination of both. Therefore, the thematic group (TG) on the resistance of structures to explosion effects was formed in order to bring the required expertise together, make it commonly available and to find and define harmonised methods and solutions which can be provided to the decision-makers responsible for critical infrastructure protection. The current report summarizes existing best practices for the numerical finite element modelling of blast loading, including the important topics of domain discretisation, implicit/explicit formulation, Lagrangian/Eulerian solvers, the mathematical description of the material behaviour etc. Furthermore recommendations for the modelling of laminated glass elements are formulated and knowledge gaps in this application area are pointed out. Hence the report builds the basis for an actual evaluation of the different numerical methods, their suitability to certain problems, and their capability to support/complement the experimental testing of glass components. It thus provides helpful information to design architects and engineers, and more generally to critical infrastructure stakeholders, responsible for the structural integrity and security of the infrastructure in case of an explosion.

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