Oil transportation and terminal development in the Gulf of Finland

Saara Hänninen, Jorma Rytkönen

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

Abstract

Over the last decade maritime transport in the Gulf of Finland area has changed significantly. The disintegration of the Soviet Union forced Russia to start developing its own Baltic ports and terminals and to find new routes to export its oil. The Baltic States have enjoyed a remarkable economic boom, especially regarding new port and terminal development and oil transportation. Due to the fact the Gulf of Finland is a sensitive brackish water area with a unique nature and environment, there has been a growing concern with accidental oil spills and various negative impacts caused by the maritime transport. Previous large-scale accidents elsewhere may have been the driving forces behind both the publicity and the calls from experts for new requirements to improve maritime safety and develop preventive measures against future accidents. This report, commissioned by the Finnish Ministry of the Environment is an updated report of the earlier study on the Gulf of Finland's oil transport, published in 1999. The rapid changes in the oil business, new terminals and enlarging transport figures were the driving forces for updating this work. The report contains statistics on oil transport, terminal development, and it presents future development scenarios up to 2010. Much emphasis has been placed on safety-related activities and recommendation; therefore current activities to improve the safety and/or develop better oil spillage-combating measures have also been analysed and discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages151
ISBN (Electronic)951-38-6413-8
ISBN (Print)951-38-6412-X
Publication statusPublished - 2004
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

NameVTT Publications
PublisherVTT
No.547
ISSN (Print)1235-0621
ISSN (Electronic)1455-0849

Fingerprint

Accidents
Disintegration
Oil spills
Oils
Statistics
Economics
Water
Industry

Keywords

  • maritime safety
  • oil transport
  • Gulf of Finland
  • Baltic Sea
  • maritime transport
  • terminal development
  • environment
  • sea accidents
  • port development
  • oil harbours

Cite this

Hänninen, S., & Rytkönen, J. (2004). Oil transportation and terminal development in the Gulf of Finland. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Publications, No. 547
Hänninen, Saara ; Rytkönen, Jorma. / Oil transportation and terminal development in the Gulf of Finland. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2004. 151 p. (VTT Publications; No. 547).
@book{13ac0eff34d04ababfbd807fe197f9b0,
title = "Oil transportation and terminal development in the Gulf of Finland",
abstract = "Over the last decade maritime transport in the Gulf of Finland area has changed significantly. The disintegration of the Soviet Union forced Russia to start developing its own Baltic ports and terminals and to find new routes to export its oil. The Baltic States have enjoyed a remarkable economic boom, especially regarding new port and terminal development and oil transportation. Due to the fact the Gulf of Finland is a sensitive brackish water area with a unique nature and environment, there has been a growing concern with accidental oil spills and various negative impacts caused by the maritime transport. Previous large-scale accidents elsewhere may have been the driving forces behind both the publicity and the calls from experts for new requirements to improve maritime safety and develop preventive measures against future accidents. This report, commissioned by the Finnish Ministry of the Environment is an updated report of the earlier study on the Gulf of Finland's oil transport, published in 1999. The rapid changes in the oil business, new terminals and enlarging transport figures were the driving forces for updating this work. The report contains statistics on oil transport, terminal development, and it presents future development scenarios up to 2010. Much emphasis has been placed on safety-related activities and recommendation; therefore current activities to improve the safety and/or develop better oil spillage-combating measures have also been analysed and discussed.",
keywords = "maritime safety, oil transport, Gulf of Finland, Baltic Sea, maritime transport, terminal development, environment, sea accidents, port development, oil harbours",
author = "Saara H{\"a}nninen and Jorma Rytk{\"o}nen",
year = "2004",
language = "English",
isbn = "951-38-6412-X",
series = "VTT Publications",
publisher = "VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland",
number = "547",
address = "Finland",

}

Hänninen, S & Rytkönen, J 2004, Oil transportation and terminal development in the Gulf of Finland. VTT Publications, no. 547, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

Oil transportation and terminal development in the Gulf of Finland. / Hänninen, Saara; Rytkönen, Jorma.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2004. 151 p. (VTT Publications; No. 547).

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

TY - BOOK

T1 - Oil transportation and terminal development in the Gulf of Finland

AU - Hänninen, Saara

AU - Rytkönen, Jorma

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - Over the last decade maritime transport in the Gulf of Finland area has changed significantly. The disintegration of the Soviet Union forced Russia to start developing its own Baltic ports and terminals and to find new routes to export its oil. The Baltic States have enjoyed a remarkable economic boom, especially regarding new port and terminal development and oil transportation. Due to the fact the Gulf of Finland is a sensitive brackish water area with a unique nature and environment, there has been a growing concern with accidental oil spills and various negative impacts caused by the maritime transport. Previous large-scale accidents elsewhere may have been the driving forces behind both the publicity and the calls from experts for new requirements to improve maritime safety and develop preventive measures against future accidents. This report, commissioned by the Finnish Ministry of the Environment is an updated report of the earlier study on the Gulf of Finland's oil transport, published in 1999. The rapid changes in the oil business, new terminals and enlarging transport figures were the driving forces for updating this work. The report contains statistics on oil transport, terminal development, and it presents future development scenarios up to 2010. Much emphasis has been placed on safety-related activities and recommendation; therefore current activities to improve the safety and/or develop better oil spillage-combating measures have also been analysed and discussed.

AB - Over the last decade maritime transport in the Gulf of Finland area has changed significantly. The disintegration of the Soviet Union forced Russia to start developing its own Baltic ports and terminals and to find new routes to export its oil. The Baltic States have enjoyed a remarkable economic boom, especially regarding new port and terminal development and oil transportation. Due to the fact the Gulf of Finland is a sensitive brackish water area with a unique nature and environment, there has been a growing concern with accidental oil spills and various negative impacts caused by the maritime transport. Previous large-scale accidents elsewhere may have been the driving forces behind both the publicity and the calls from experts for new requirements to improve maritime safety and develop preventive measures against future accidents. This report, commissioned by the Finnish Ministry of the Environment is an updated report of the earlier study on the Gulf of Finland's oil transport, published in 1999. The rapid changes in the oil business, new terminals and enlarging transport figures were the driving forces for updating this work. The report contains statistics on oil transport, terminal development, and it presents future development scenarios up to 2010. Much emphasis has been placed on safety-related activities and recommendation; therefore current activities to improve the safety and/or develop better oil spillage-combating measures have also been analysed and discussed.

KW - maritime safety

KW - oil transport

KW - Gulf of Finland

KW - Baltic Sea

KW - maritime transport

KW - terminal development

KW - environment

KW - sea accidents

KW - port development

KW - oil harbours

M3 - Report

SN - 951-38-6412-X

T3 - VTT Publications

BT - Oil transportation and terminal development in the Gulf of Finland

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Hänninen S, Rytkönen J. Oil transportation and terminal development in the Gulf of Finland. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2004. 151 p. (VTT Publications; No. 547).