Oiva: a mobile phone intervention for improving psychological flexibility

Elina M. Mattila, Kirsikka Kaipainen, Toni Vanhala, Miikka Ermes, Raimo Lappalainen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Abstract

Introduction: The increasing prevalence of stress and related mental disorders calls for novel methods for the prevention and self-management of these problems. Computerized therapies have been proven effective in the management of various mental and physical disorders. Mobile technologies hold further promise as they enable interventions to be delivered and accessed during the daily life of the user. For example, user's activities and context can be detected from sensor data in order to infer opportune moments for influencing the user.
Objectives: Our objective is to develop a personalized and context-sensitive mobile intervention application based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for increasing psychological flexibility and improving mental and physical wellbeing.
Methodology: Oiva is a mobile application that can be used for conducting brief self-directed ACT-based exercises with audio, video, or textual guidance. Oiva consists of four intervention modules. Three of the modules are aimed at teaching the user the six core processes of ACT (acceptance, cognitive defusion, being present, self-as-context, values, and committed action). The fourth module is related to physical wellbeing, including relaxation, physical activity, and mindful eating. A prototype of Oiva application was tested in two laboratory evaluations.
Results: The evaluations provided valuable insights for the development of Oiva. The comments of the participants proved the concept understandable, acceptable and useful. The potential of brief interventions delivered at opportune moments was evident.
Discussion: Mobile applications provide a potentially powerful delivery channel for psychological interventions. Their effectiveness may be further increased by tailoring intervention processes and content to individual's characteristics, needs, preferences, and progress. The sensors embedded in the mobile phone enable detection of users' activities and contexts, such as location and social situations. Context information can be utilized for providing interventions at opportune moments, i.e. when interventions are needed and accepted.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 42nd Annual Congress of the European Association of Behavioural and Cognitive Therapy (EABCT)
Subtitle of host publicationGeneve, 29 Aug.- 1 Sept. 2012
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

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Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
Mobile Applications
Cell Phones
Psychology
Mental Disorders
Self Care
Teaching
Eating
Technology
Therapeutics

Cite this

Mattila, E. M., Kaipainen, K., Vanhala, T., Ermes, M., & Lappalainen, R. (2012). Oiva: a mobile phone intervention for improving psychological flexibility. In Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Congress of the European Association of Behavioural and Cognitive Therapy (EABCT): Geneve, 29 Aug.- 1 Sept. 2012 [102]
Mattila, Elina M. ; Kaipainen, Kirsikka ; Vanhala, Toni ; Ermes, Miikka ; Lappalainen, Raimo. / Oiva: a mobile phone intervention for improving psychological flexibility. Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Congress of the European Association of Behavioural and Cognitive Therapy (EABCT): Geneve, 29 Aug.- 1 Sept. 2012. 2012.
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Mattila, EM, Kaipainen, K, Vanhala, T, Ermes, M & Lappalainen, R 2012, Oiva: a mobile phone intervention for improving psychological flexibility. in Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Congress of the European Association of Behavioural and Cognitive Therapy (EABCT): Geneve, 29 Aug.- 1 Sept. 2012., 102.

Oiva: a mobile phone intervention for improving psychological flexibility. / Mattila, Elina M.; Kaipainen, Kirsikka; Vanhala, Toni; Ermes, Miikka; Lappalainen, Raimo.

Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Congress of the European Association of Behavioural and Cognitive Therapy (EABCT): Geneve, 29 Aug.- 1 Sept. 2012. 2012. 102.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

TY - GEN

T1 - Oiva: a mobile phone intervention for improving psychological flexibility

AU - Mattila, Elina M.

AU - Kaipainen, Kirsikka

AU - Vanhala, Toni

AU - Ermes, Miikka

AU - Lappalainen, Raimo

N1 - Project code: 72578

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Introduction: The increasing prevalence of stress and related mental disorders calls for novel methods for the prevention and self-management of these problems. Computerized therapies have been proven effective in the management of various mental and physical disorders. Mobile technologies hold further promise as they enable interventions to be delivered and accessed during the daily life of the user. For example, user's activities and context can be detected from sensor data in order to infer opportune moments for influencing the user. Objectives: Our objective is to develop a personalized and context-sensitive mobile intervention application based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for increasing psychological flexibility and improving mental and physical wellbeing. Methodology: Oiva is a mobile application that can be used for conducting brief self-directed ACT-based exercises with audio, video, or textual guidance. Oiva consists of four intervention modules. Three of the modules are aimed at teaching the user the six core processes of ACT (acceptance, cognitive defusion, being present, self-as-context, values, and committed action). The fourth module is related to physical wellbeing, including relaxation, physical activity, and mindful eating. A prototype of Oiva application was tested in two laboratory evaluations. Results: The evaluations provided valuable insights for the development of Oiva. The comments of the participants proved the concept understandable, acceptable and useful. The potential of brief interventions delivered at opportune moments was evident. Discussion: Mobile applications provide a potentially powerful delivery channel for psychological interventions. Their effectiveness may be further increased by tailoring intervention processes and content to individual's characteristics, needs, preferences, and progress. The sensors embedded in the mobile phone enable detection of users' activities and contexts, such as location and social situations. Context information can be utilized for providing interventions at opportune moments, i.e. when interventions are needed and accepted.

AB - Introduction: The increasing prevalence of stress and related mental disorders calls for novel methods for the prevention and self-management of these problems. Computerized therapies have been proven effective in the management of various mental and physical disorders. Mobile technologies hold further promise as they enable interventions to be delivered and accessed during the daily life of the user. For example, user's activities and context can be detected from sensor data in order to infer opportune moments for influencing the user. Objectives: Our objective is to develop a personalized and context-sensitive mobile intervention application based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for increasing psychological flexibility and improving mental and physical wellbeing. Methodology: Oiva is a mobile application that can be used for conducting brief self-directed ACT-based exercises with audio, video, or textual guidance. Oiva consists of four intervention modules. Three of the modules are aimed at teaching the user the six core processes of ACT (acceptance, cognitive defusion, being present, self-as-context, values, and committed action). The fourth module is related to physical wellbeing, including relaxation, physical activity, and mindful eating. A prototype of Oiva application was tested in two laboratory evaluations. Results: The evaluations provided valuable insights for the development of Oiva. The comments of the participants proved the concept understandable, acceptable and useful. The potential of brief interventions delivered at opportune moments was evident. Discussion: Mobile applications provide a potentially powerful delivery channel for psychological interventions. Their effectiveness may be further increased by tailoring intervention processes and content to individual's characteristics, needs, preferences, and progress. The sensors embedded in the mobile phone enable detection of users' activities and contexts, such as location and social situations. Context information can be utilized for providing interventions at opportune moments, i.e. when interventions are needed and accepted.

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

BT - Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Congress of the European Association of Behavioural and Cognitive Therapy (EABCT)

ER -

Mattila EM, Kaipainen K, Vanhala T, Ermes M, Lappalainen R. Oiva: a mobile phone intervention for improving psychological flexibility. In Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Congress of the European Association of Behavioural and Cognitive Therapy (EABCT): Geneve, 29 Aug.- 1 Sept. 2012. 2012. 102