# On a conditionally Poissonian graph process

Ilkka Norros, Hannu Reittu

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### Abstract

Random (pseudo)graphs G N with the following structure are studied: first, independent and identically distributed capacities Λ i are drawn for vertices i = 1, …, N; then, each pair of vertices (i, j) is connected, independently of the other pairs, with E(i, j) edges, where E(i, j) has distribution Poisson(Λ i Λ j / ∑ k=1 N Λ k ). The main result of the paper is that when P(Λ1 > x) ≥ x −τ+1, where τ ∈ (2, 3), then, asymptotically almost surely, G N has a giant component, and the distance between two randomly selected vertices of the giant component is less than (2 + o(N))(log log N)/(-log (τ − 2)). It is also shown that the cases τ > 3, τ ∈ (2, 3), and τ ∈ (1, 2) present three qualitatively different connectivity architectures.
Original language English 59-75 17 Advances in Applied Probability 38 1 https://doi.org/10.1239/aap/1143936140 Published - 2006 A1 Journal article-refereed

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Giant Component
Poisson distribution
Graph in graph theory
Identically distributed
Connectivity
Architecture

### Cite this

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title = "On a conditionally Poissonian graph process",
abstract = "Random (pseudo)graphs G N with the following structure are studied: first, independent and identically distributed capacities Λ i are drawn for vertices i = 1, …, N; then, each pair of vertices (i, j) is connected, independently of the other pairs, with E(i, j) edges, where E(i, j) has distribution Poisson(Λ i Λ j / ∑ k=1 N Λ k ). The main result of the paper is that when P(Λ1 > x) ≥ x −τ+1, where τ ∈ (2, 3), then, asymptotically almost surely, G N has a giant component, and the distance between two randomly selected vertices of the giant component is less than (2 + o(N))(log log N)/(-log (τ − 2)). It is also shown that the cases τ > 3, τ ∈ (2, 3), and τ ∈ (1, 2) present three qualitatively different connectivity architectures.",
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On a conditionally Poissonian graph process. / Norros, Ilkka; Reittu, Hannu.

In: Advances in Applied Probability, Vol. 38, No. 1, 2006, p. 59-75.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - On a conditionally Poissonian graph process

AU - Norros, Ilkka

AU - Reittu, Hannu

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - Random (pseudo)graphs G N with the following structure are studied: first, independent and identically distributed capacities Λ i are drawn for vertices i = 1, …, N; then, each pair of vertices (i, j) is connected, independently of the other pairs, with E(i, j) edges, where E(i, j) has distribution Poisson(Λ i Λ j / ∑ k=1 N Λ k ). The main result of the paper is that when P(Λ1 > x) ≥ x −τ+1, where τ ∈ (2, 3), then, asymptotically almost surely, G N has a giant component, and the distance between two randomly selected vertices of the giant component is less than (2 + o(N))(log log N)/(-log (τ − 2)). It is also shown that the cases τ > 3, τ ∈ (2, 3), and τ ∈ (1, 2) present three qualitatively different connectivity architectures.

AB - Random (pseudo)graphs G N with the following structure are studied: first, independent and identically distributed capacities Λ i are drawn for vertices i = 1, …, N; then, each pair of vertices (i, j) is connected, independently of the other pairs, with E(i, j) edges, where E(i, j) has distribution Poisson(Λ i Λ j / ∑ k=1 N Λ k ). The main result of the paper is that when P(Λ1 > x) ≥ x −τ+1, where τ ∈ (2, 3), then, asymptotically almost surely, G N has a giant component, and the distance between two randomly selected vertices of the giant component is less than (2 + o(N))(log log N)/(-log (τ − 2)). It is also shown that the cases τ > 3, τ ∈ (2, 3), and τ ∈ (1, 2) present three qualitatively different connectivity architectures.

U2 - 10.1239/aap/1143936140

DO - 10.1239/aap/1143936140

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SP - 59

EP - 75

JO - Advances in Applied Probability

JF - Advances in Applied Probability

SN - 0001-8678

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