On acoustic in-duct characterization of medium speed IC-engine exhaust system

Antti Hynninen, Mats Åbom

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

    Abstract

    Predicting and controlling noise from a fluid machine requires a model of the noise sources themselves, i.e., acoustic source data. If the source connects weakly to the surroundings, the standardized free field methods can be used for the source sound power determination, i.e., source characterization. In the duct systems connected to the fluid machines, the acoustic source interacts strongly with the system boundaries and the in-duct source characteristics cannot be described using only the emitted sound power. The following general problems exists: The source characteristics are dependent on the acoustic load and the sound power is reflected from the duct discontinuities as well as from the duct terminations, the sound pressure measurements might be contaminated by the turbulence in the flow, and above a certain frequency, i.e., first non-plane wave mode cut-on frequency, the sound pressure varies over the duct cross-section and non-plane waves are introduced. For a number of applications the plane wave range dominates and the non-plane waves can be neglected. But for machines connected to large ducts the nonplane wave range is also important. In this paper, methods to determine the in-duct acoustic source data including also the non-plane waves are discussed. The low and high frequency in-duct characteristics of a test engine exhaust system are obtained and combined. The combined source data is useful when designing the components of the exhaust system, for example
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of BNAM 2014
    Place of PublicationTallinn
    Pages528 - 533
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
    EventBaltic-Nordic Acoustic Meeting, BNAM 2014 - Tallinn, Estonia
    Duration: 2 Jun 20144 Jun 2014

    Conference

    ConferenceBaltic-Nordic Acoustic Meeting, BNAM 2014
    Abbreviated titleBNAM 2014
    CountryEstonia
    CityTallinn
    Period2/06/144/06/14

    Fingerprint

    exhaust systems
    ducts
    engines
    acoustics
    sound pressure
    acoustic ducts
    engine tests
    fluids
    pressure measurement
    discontinuity
    plane waves
    turbulence

    Keywords

    • acoustic source
    • IC-engine
    • exhaust system

    Cite this

    Hynninen, A., & Åbom, M. (2014). On acoustic in-duct characterization of medium speed IC-engine exhaust system. In Proceedings of BNAM 2014 (pp. 528 - 533). Tallinn.
    Hynninen, Antti ; Åbom, Mats. / On acoustic in-duct characterization of medium speed IC-engine exhaust system. Proceedings of BNAM 2014. Tallinn, 2014. pp. 528 - 533
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    abstract = "Predicting and controlling noise from a fluid machine requires a model of the noise sources themselves, i.e., acoustic source data. If the source connects weakly to the surroundings, the standardized free field methods can be used for the source sound power determination, i.e., source characterization. In the duct systems connected to the fluid machines, the acoustic source interacts strongly with the system boundaries and the in-duct source characteristics cannot be described using only the emitted sound power. The following general problems exists: The source characteristics are dependent on the acoustic load and the sound power is reflected from the duct discontinuities as well as from the duct terminations, the sound pressure measurements might be contaminated by the turbulence in the flow, and above a certain frequency, i.e., first non-plane wave mode cut-on frequency, the sound pressure varies over the duct cross-section and non-plane waves are introduced. For a number of applications the plane wave range dominates and the non-plane waves can be neglected. But for machines connected to large ducts the nonplane wave range is also important. In this paper, methods to determine the in-duct acoustic source data including also the non-plane waves are discussed. The low and high frequency in-duct characteristics of a test engine exhaust system are obtained and combined. The combined source data is useful when designing the components of the exhaust system, for example",
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    Hynninen, A & Åbom, M 2014, On acoustic in-duct characterization of medium speed IC-engine exhaust system. in Proceedings of BNAM 2014. Tallinn, pp. 528 - 533, Baltic-Nordic Acoustic Meeting, BNAM 2014, Tallinn, Estonia, 2/06/14.

    On acoustic in-duct characterization of medium speed IC-engine exhaust system. / Hynninen, Antti; Åbom, Mats.

    Proceedings of BNAM 2014. Tallinn, 2014. p. 528 - 533.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

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    N2 - Predicting and controlling noise from a fluid machine requires a model of the noise sources themselves, i.e., acoustic source data. If the source connects weakly to the surroundings, the standardized free field methods can be used for the source sound power determination, i.e., source characterization. In the duct systems connected to the fluid machines, the acoustic source interacts strongly with the system boundaries and the in-duct source characteristics cannot be described using only the emitted sound power. The following general problems exists: The source characteristics are dependent on the acoustic load and the sound power is reflected from the duct discontinuities as well as from the duct terminations, the sound pressure measurements might be contaminated by the turbulence in the flow, and above a certain frequency, i.e., first non-plane wave mode cut-on frequency, the sound pressure varies over the duct cross-section and non-plane waves are introduced. For a number of applications the plane wave range dominates and the non-plane waves can be neglected. But for machines connected to large ducts the nonplane wave range is also important. In this paper, methods to determine the in-duct acoustic source data including also the non-plane waves are discussed. The low and high frequency in-duct characteristics of a test engine exhaust system are obtained and combined. The combined source data is useful when designing the components of the exhaust system, for example

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    Hynninen A, Åbom M. On acoustic in-duct characterization of medium speed IC-engine exhaust system. In Proceedings of BNAM 2014. Tallinn. 2014. p. 528 - 533