On-chip purification via liquid immersion of arc-discharge synthesized multiwalled carbon nanotubes

Matti J. Hokkanen, Saara Lautala, Dongkai Shao, Tuomas Turpeinen, Juha Koivistoinen, Markus Ahlskog (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Arc-discharge synthesized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (AD-MWNT) have been proven to be of high quality, but their use is very limited due to difficulties in obtaining them in a clean and undamaged form. Here, we present a simple method that purifies raw AD-MWNT material in laboratory scale without damage, and that in principle can be scaled up. The method consists of depositing raw AD-MWNT material on a flat substrate and immersing the substrate slowly in water, whereby the surface tension force of the liquid–substrate contact line selectively sweeps away the larger amorphous carbon debris and leaves relatively clean MWNTs on the substrate. We demonstrate the utility of the method by preparing clean individual MWNTs for measurement of their Raman spectra. The spectra exhibit the characteristics of high-quality tubes free from contaminants. We also show how one concomitantly with the purification process can obtain large numbers of clean suspended MWNTs.
Original languageEnglish
Article number634
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016
MoE publication typeNot Eligible


  • contact line
  • amorphous carbon
  • detachment force


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