On driver behavior recognition for increased safety: A roadmap

Luca Davoli (Corresponding Author), Marco Martalò, Antonio Cilfone, Laura Belli, Gianluigi Ferrari, Roberta Presta, Roberto Montanari, Maura Mengoni, Luca Giraldi, Elvio G. Amparore, Marco Botta, Idilio Drago, Giuseppe Carbonara, Andrea Castellano, Johan Plomp

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review

    20 Citations (Scopus)
    205 Downloads (Pure)


    Advanced Driver-Assistance Systems (ADASs) are used for increasing safety in the automotive domain, yet current ADASs notably operate without taking into account drivers’ states, e.g., whether she/he is emotionally apt to drive. In this paper, we first review the state-of-the-art of emotional and cognitive analysis for ADAS: We consider psychological models, the sensors needed for capturing physiological signals, and the typical algorithms used for human emotion classification. Our investigation highlights a lack of advanced Driver Monitoring Systems (DMSs) for ADASs, which could increase driving quality and security for both drivers and passengers. We then provide our view on a novel perception architecture for driver monitoring, built around the concept of Driver Complex State (DCS). DCS relies on multiple non-obtrusive sensors and Artificial Intelligence (AI) for uncovering the driver state and uses it to implement innovative Human-Machine Interface (HMI) functionalities. This concept will be implemented and validated in the recently EU-funded NextPerception project, which is briefly introduced.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number55
    Number of pages33
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 12 Dec 2020
    MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal


    • Advanced Driver-Assistance System (ADAS)
    • Artificial Intelligence (AI)
    • Driver Complex State (DCS)
    • Driver safety and comfort
    • Emotion recognition


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