On managing physical and cyber threats to energy systems identification and countermeasure requirements

Henryka Jormakka (Corresponding Author), Pekka Koponen, Heimo Pentikäinen, Hanna Bartoszewicz-Burczy

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    1 Citation (Scopus)


    Control centers of energy systems are subjects to different kind of threats such as natural disasters, hackers, or terrorist attacks, or finally unintentional personnel errors. The article introduces some protections methods against those threats. It proposes a protocol to be used for routine self-assessment to provide companies with feedback on the effectiveness of their security policy. The protocol can be used as well during security audits for detection of energy systems infrastructure vulnerabilities. Both, physical and cyber attacks are taken into consideration.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)27-33
    Number of pages7
    JournalEksploatacja i Niezawodność
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2010
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed



    • control systems
    • security

    Cite this