On predicting the sound from a cavitating marine propeller in a tunnel

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    Model tests in a cavitation tunnel are commonly used in order to predict the radiated noise from full-scale marine propellers. Correction factors and scaling procedures are commonly used in estimating the effects of background noise and the propeller model scale. Less attention is paid to the influence of the tunnel related factors. Above a certain frequency, i.e. first non-plane wave mode cut-on frequency, the sound pressure varies over the tunnel cross-section and non-plane waves are introduced. Below this frequency, only plane waves propagate in the tunnel and no attenuation due to geometrical spreading occurs in the far field of the propeller. Thus, it is difficult to apply source level scaling procedures based on, e.g., spherical spreading of the sound field. Also, rigid tunnel walls near the propeller load it acoustically and may alter the fundamental sound emission compared to emission of the same source in free field conditions. In this paper, sound emission and immission of acoustic sources in a free space and in a waveguide are discussed and sound from a cavitating model-size marine propeller in a tunnel is investigated with numerical methods.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationFifth International Symposium on Marine Propulsors
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    ISBN (Print)978-951-38-8608-0
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    Event5th International Symposium on Marine Propulsors, smp'17 - Espoo, Finland
    Duration: 12 Jun 201715 Jun 2017

    Conference

    Conference5th International Symposium on Marine Propulsors, smp'17
    Abbreviated titlesmp '17
    CountryFinland
    CityEspoo
    Period12/06/1715/06/17

    Fingerprint

    propellers
    tunnels
    acoustics
    scaling
    scale models
    background noise
    sound fields
    sound pressure
    cavitation flow
    far fields
    plane waves
    estimating
    attenuation
    waveguides
    cross sections

    Keywords

    • cavitation
    • marine propeller noise
    • acoustic analogy
    • hybrid method

    Cite this

    Hynninen, A., Tanttari, J., Viitanen, V., & Sipilä, T. (2017). On predicting the sound from a cavitating marine propeller in a tunnel. In Fifth International Symposium on Marine Propulsors VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland.
    Hynninen, Antti ; Tanttari, Jukka ; Viitanen, Ville ; Sipilä, Tuomas. / On predicting the sound from a cavitating marine propeller in a tunnel. Fifth International Symposium on Marine Propulsors. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2017.
    @inproceedings{6473a45dfd7f4ece975cef567e17f323,
    title = "On predicting the sound from a cavitating marine propeller in a tunnel",
    abstract = "Model tests in a cavitation tunnel are commonly used in order to predict the radiated noise from full-scale marine propellers. Correction factors and scaling procedures are commonly used in estimating the effects of background noise and the propeller model scale. Less attention is paid to the influence of the tunnel related factors. Above a certain frequency, i.e. first non-plane wave mode cut-on frequency, the sound pressure varies over the tunnel cross-section and non-plane waves are introduced. Below this frequency, only plane waves propagate in the tunnel and no attenuation due to geometrical spreading occurs in the far field of the propeller. Thus, it is difficult to apply source level scaling procedures based on, e.g., spherical spreading of the sound field. Also, rigid tunnel walls near the propeller load it acoustically and may alter the fundamental sound emission compared to emission of the same source in free field conditions. In this paper, sound emission and immission of acoustic sources in a free space and in a waveguide are discussed and sound from a cavitating model-size marine propeller in a tunnel is investigated with numerical methods.",
    keywords = "cavitation, marine propeller noise, acoustic analogy, hybrid method",
    author = "Antti Hynninen and Jukka Tanttari and Ville Viitanen and Tuomas Sipil{\"a}",
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    }

    Hynninen, A, Tanttari, J, Viitanen, V & Sipilä, T 2017, On predicting the sound from a cavitating marine propeller in a tunnel. in Fifth International Symposium on Marine Propulsors. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 5th International Symposium on Marine Propulsors, smp'17, Espoo, Finland, 12/06/17.

    On predicting the sound from a cavitating marine propeller in a tunnel. / Hynninen, Antti; Tanttari, Jukka; Viitanen, Ville; Sipilä, Tuomas.

    Fifth International Symposium on Marine Propulsors. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2017.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    TY - GEN

    T1 - On predicting the sound from a cavitating marine propeller in a tunnel

    AU - Hynninen, Antti

    AU - Tanttari, Jukka

    AU - Viitanen, Ville

    AU - Sipilä, Tuomas

    N1 - Project code: 102340

    PY - 2017

    Y1 - 2017

    N2 - Model tests in a cavitation tunnel are commonly used in order to predict the radiated noise from full-scale marine propellers. Correction factors and scaling procedures are commonly used in estimating the effects of background noise and the propeller model scale. Less attention is paid to the influence of the tunnel related factors. Above a certain frequency, i.e. first non-plane wave mode cut-on frequency, the sound pressure varies over the tunnel cross-section and non-plane waves are introduced. Below this frequency, only plane waves propagate in the tunnel and no attenuation due to geometrical spreading occurs in the far field of the propeller. Thus, it is difficult to apply source level scaling procedures based on, e.g., spherical spreading of the sound field. Also, rigid tunnel walls near the propeller load it acoustically and may alter the fundamental sound emission compared to emission of the same source in free field conditions. In this paper, sound emission and immission of acoustic sources in a free space and in a waveguide are discussed and sound from a cavitating model-size marine propeller in a tunnel is investigated with numerical methods.

    AB - Model tests in a cavitation tunnel are commonly used in order to predict the radiated noise from full-scale marine propellers. Correction factors and scaling procedures are commonly used in estimating the effects of background noise and the propeller model scale. Less attention is paid to the influence of the tunnel related factors. Above a certain frequency, i.e. first non-plane wave mode cut-on frequency, the sound pressure varies over the tunnel cross-section and non-plane waves are introduced. Below this frequency, only plane waves propagate in the tunnel and no attenuation due to geometrical spreading occurs in the far field of the propeller. Thus, it is difficult to apply source level scaling procedures based on, e.g., spherical spreading of the sound field. Also, rigid tunnel walls near the propeller load it acoustically and may alter the fundamental sound emission compared to emission of the same source in free field conditions. In this paper, sound emission and immission of acoustic sources in a free space and in a waveguide are discussed and sound from a cavitating model-size marine propeller in a tunnel is investigated with numerical methods.

    KW - cavitation

    KW - marine propeller noise

    KW - acoustic analogy

    KW - hybrid method

    M3 - Conference article in proceedings

    SN - 978-951-38-8608-0

    BT - Fifth International Symposium on Marine Propulsors

    PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

    ER -

    Hynninen A, Tanttari J, Viitanen V, Sipilä T. On predicting the sound from a cavitating marine propeller in a tunnel. In Fifth International Symposium on Marine Propulsors. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2017