On the role of particle state and deposition procedure on mechanical, tribological and dielectric response of high velocity oxy-fuel sprayed alumina coatings

Erja Turunen (Corresponding Author), Tommi Varis, Simo-Pekka Hannula, A. Vaidya, A. Kulkarni, S. Gutleber, S. Sampath, H. Herman

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It is well known that the high velocity oxy-fuel based thermal spray process impart high density and reduced porosity in coatings compared to those produced by other ambient thermal spray processes. The benefits of HVOF have largely remained in the domain of metals and cermets and limited investigations have been carried out in ceramic coatings. The ability to produce high density ceramic coatings (e.g. alumina) offers potential in high performance applications in the field of wear, corrosion resistance, and dielectric coatings. However, due to extreme operational limits of the HVOF process, the fundamentals of process-structure-property relationships are not fully understood. In this paper, we report an integrated approach to establish processing-microstructure-property correlations in order to optimize coatings for such applications. This approach involves diagnostic studies, microstructure development and its resultant influence on properties of high velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) sprayed alumina coatings. The diagnostic studies were aimed to investigate the effects of fuel gas/oxygen ratio and amount of total gas flow on the particle temperature and velocity. Furthermore, splats and coatings were deposited to investigate the relationship between diagnostic data, melting behavior and droplet substrate interactions. Such a comprehensive study, coupled with property measurements of the coatings, demonstrates critical operational variables among deposition procedure, coating microstructure and the deposit properties.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
JournalMaterials Science & Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2006
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed



  • thermal spray
  • HVOF
  • process optimization
  • diagnostic
  • alumina
  • mechanical properties
  • thermal and electrical properties
  • ProperPart

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