Online detection of moisture in heatset printing: Liquid transfer to printed image and non-image areas

Carl-Mikael Tag (Corresponding Author), Maunu Toiviainen, Mikko Juuti, Patrick Gane

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2 Citations (Scopus)


In the present study, near-infrared sensors are used to investigate moisture variations on paper in the heatset web offset printing process. The moisture content was determined from both non-image and image printed areas at multiple locations along the printing line. The amount of water based liquid (fountain solution) transferred to the two studied areas as well as the internal moisture content of the paper was investigated in terms of near-infrared absorbance response. In order to achieve absolute moisture content estimates,the sensors were calibrated for the respective measurement regions. It was found that the moisture content was higher in the areas with printing ink compared to those without. The heatset drying had a stronger moisture drying effect on the nonimage areas. The tests were performed in both a laboratory and a full-scale heatset offset printing environment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-121
JournalNordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed



  • Fountain solution
  • liquid transport in porous media
  • moisture content
  • nearinfrared spectroscopy
  • on-line measurement
  • printing ink

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