Online gas composition estimation in solid oxide fuel cell systems with anode off-gas recycle configuration

Bostjan Dolenc (Corresponding Author), Darko Vrecko, Darko Juricic, Antti Pohjoranta, Cesare Pianese

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    10 Citations (Scopus)


    Degradation and poisoning of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) stacks are continuously shortening the lifespan of SOFC systems. Poisoning mechanisms, such as carbon deposition, form a coating layer, hence rapidly decreasing the efficiency of the fuel cells. Gas composition of inlet gases is known to have great impact on the rate of coke formation. Therefore, monitoring of these variables can be of great benefit for overall management of SOFCs. Although measuring the gas composition of the gas stream is feasible, it is too costly for commercial applications. This paper proposes three distinct approaches for the design of gas composition estimators of an SOFC system in anode off-gas recycle configuration which are (i.) accurate, and (ii.) easy to implement on a programmable logic controller. Firstly, a classical approach is briefly revisited and problems related to implementation complexity are discussed. Secondly, the model is simplified and adapted for easy implementation. Further, an alternative data-driven approach for gas composition estimation is developed. Finally, a hybrid estimator employing experimental data and 1st-principles is proposed. Despite the structural simplicity of the estimators, the experimental validation shows a high precision for all of the approaches. Experimental validation is performed on a 10 kW SOFC system.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)246-253
    JournalJournal of Power Sources
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • data-driven approach
    • gas composition estimation
    • hybrid approach
    • solid oxide fuel cell systems
    • stoichiometric approach
    • Hybrid approach


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