Open circuit potential and leaching rate of pyrite in cupric chloride solution

Heini Elomaa, Lotta Rintala, Jari Aromaa, Mari Lundström

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

As a refractory gold mineral, pyrite needs to be oxidised prior to gold leaching. In this study, the effect of [Cl] concentration (40.6–149.8 g/L), [Cu2+] concentration (0.8–31.6 g/L), pH (1.5–2.5) and temperature (25–90 –C) on the pyrite leaching rate was investigated. In addition, the open circuit potential (OCP) values of pyrite in cupric chloride solution were investigated. A linear regression model was constructed to predict pyrite dissolution rate i.e. corrosion current density. It was shown that the temperature had a significant positive effect on pyrite dissolution, while increased cupric ion concentration was also shown to provide some dissolution enhancement. According to the regression analysis, pH had no effect on the corrosion current density at OCP. Dissolution rates of pyrite varied between 0.05 and 2.9 µm/h. The activation energy values varied from 20 to 90 kJ/mol, indicated that the pyrite dissolution reaction rate was controlled by the chemical reaction or mixed mechanism rather than diffusion alone. The simultaneous increase in corrosion potential and corrosion current density indicated that the anodic pyrite dissolution reaction was rate determining at OCP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)416-421
Number of pages6
JournalCanadian Metallurgical Quarterly
Volume57
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Oct 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Pyrites
Leaching
Dissolution
Networks (circuits)
Current density
Corrosion
Gold
Reaction rates
cupric chloride
pyrite
Corrosion rate
Linear regression
Regression analysis
Refractory materials
Minerals
Chemical reactions
Activation energy
Ions
Temperature

Keywords

  • anodic polarisation
  • corrosion current density
  • cupric chloride
  • Pyrite
  • sodium chloride

Cite this

Elomaa, Heini ; Rintala, Lotta ; Aromaa, Jari ; Lundström, Mari. / Open circuit potential and leaching rate of pyrite in cupric chloride solution. In: Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly. 2018 ; Vol. 57, No. 4. pp. 416-421.
@article{7061f3c13f2b44079f5ff2d75b970876,
title = "Open circuit potential and leaching rate of pyrite in cupric chloride solution",
abstract = "As a refractory gold mineral, pyrite needs to be oxidised prior to gold leaching. In this study, the effect of [Cl−] concentration (40.6–149.8 g/L), [Cu2+] concentration (0.8–31.6 g/L), pH (1.5–2.5) and temperature (25–90 –C) on the pyrite leaching rate was investigated. In addition, the open circuit potential (OCP) values of pyrite in cupric chloride solution were investigated. A linear regression model was constructed to predict pyrite dissolution rate i.e. corrosion current density. It was shown that the temperature had a significant positive effect on pyrite dissolution, while increased cupric ion concentration was also shown to provide some dissolution enhancement. According to the regression analysis, pH had no effect on the corrosion current density at OCP. Dissolution rates of pyrite varied between 0.05 and 2.9 µm/h. The activation energy values varied from 20 to 90 kJ/mol, indicated that the pyrite dissolution reaction rate was controlled by the chemical reaction or mixed mechanism rather than diffusion alone. The simultaneous increase in corrosion potential and corrosion current density indicated that the anodic pyrite dissolution reaction was rate determining at OCP.",
keywords = "anodic polarisation, corrosion current density, cupric chloride, Pyrite, sodium chloride",
author = "Heini Elomaa and Lotta Rintala and Jari Aromaa and Mari Lundstr{\"o}m",
year = "2018",
month = "10",
day = "2",
doi = "10.1080/00084433.2018.1477652",
language = "English",
volume = "57",
pages = "416--421",
journal = "Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly",
issn = "0008-4433",
publisher = "Maney Publishing",
number = "4",

}

Open circuit potential and leaching rate of pyrite in cupric chloride solution. / Elomaa, Heini; Rintala, Lotta; Aromaa, Jari; Lundström, Mari.

In: Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly, Vol. 57, No. 4, 02.10.2018, p. 416-421.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Open circuit potential and leaching rate of pyrite in cupric chloride solution

AU - Elomaa, Heini

AU - Rintala, Lotta

AU - Aromaa, Jari

AU - Lundström, Mari

PY - 2018/10/2

Y1 - 2018/10/2

N2 - As a refractory gold mineral, pyrite needs to be oxidised prior to gold leaching. In this study, the effect of [Cl−] concentration (40.6–149.8 g/L), [Cu2+] concentration (0.8–31.6 g/L), pH (1.5–2.5) and temperature (25–90 –C) on the pyrite leaching rate was investigated. In addition, the open circuit potential (OCP) values of pyrite in cupric chloride solution were investigated. A linear regression model was constructed to predict pyrite dissolution rate i.e. corrosion current density. It was shown that the temperature had a significant positive effect on pyrite dissolution, while increased cupric ion concentration was also shown to provide some dissolution enhancement. According to the regression analysis, pH had no effect on the corrosion current density at OCP. Dissolution rates of pyrite varied between 0.05 and 2.9 µm/h. The activation energy values varied from 20 to 90 kJ/mol, indicated that the pyrite dissolution reaction rate was controlled by the chemical reaction or mixed mechanism rather than diffusion alone. The simultaneous increase in corrosion potential and corrosion current density indicated that the anodic pyrite dissolution reaction was rate determining at OCP.

AB - As a refractory gold mineral, pyrite needs to be oxidised prior to gold leaching. In this study, the effect of [Cl−] concentration (40.6–149.8 g/L), [Cu2+] concentration (0.8–31.6 g/L), pH (1.5–2.5) and temperature (25–90 –C) on the pyrite leaching rate was investigated. In addition, the open circuit potential (OCP) values of pyrite in cupric chloride solution were investigated. A linear regression model was constructed to predict pyrite dissolution rate i.e. corrosion current density. It was shown that the temperature had a significant positive effect on pyrite dissolution, while increased cupric ion concentration was also shown to provide some dissolution enhancement. According to the regression analysis, pH had no effect on the corrosion current density at OCP. Dissolution rates of pyrite varied between 0.05 and 2.9 µm/h. The activation energy values varied from 20 to 90 kJ/mol, indicated that the pyrite dissolution reaction rate was controlled by the chemical reaction or mixed mechanism rather than diffusion alone. The simultaneous increase in corrosion potential and corrosion current density indicated that the anodic pyrite dissolution reaction was rate determining at OCP.

KW - anodic polarisation

KW - corrosion current density

KW - cupric chloride

KW - Pyrite

KW - sodium chloride

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85047951975&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/00084433.2018.1477652

DO - 10.1080/00084433.2018.1477652

M3 - Article

VL - 57

SP - 416

EP - 421

JO - Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly

JF - Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly

SN - 0008-4433

IS - 4

ER -