Open prosperity: How latent realities arising from virtual-social-physical convergence (VSP) increase opportunities for global prosperity

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    Virtual technologies, social technologies, and physical technologies are often considered separately. By contrast, there has been little consideration of virtual-social-physical convergence (VSP) in the literature. Moreover, there has been little, if any, consideration of latent realities brought about by VSP. Latent realities are realities that exist, but are neither directly observable nor easily described by a single measure. In this paper, it is explained how VSP latent realities open up opportunities for global prosperity. Four contributions to the literature are made. Firstly, virtual-social-physical convergence (VSP) is explained in terms of convergence theories. Second, VSP latent realities are described in relation to relevant theories such as ecosystem edge effects. Third, VSP latent realities are related to international prosperity goals in terms of Resource-based Theory, Knowledge-based View, and Transaction Cost Economics. Fourth, it is argued that latent realities arising from VSP can be more important for increasing prosperity than physical realities arising from previous waves of technological convergence. VSP latent realities are related to practice in terms of macroeconomics and microeconomics. In addition, methodologies and foci for future research are discussed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)92-103
    JournalTechnology in Society
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed



    • circular economy
    • collaborative consumption
    • education
    • entrepreneurship
    • freedom
    • governance
    • gross national happiness
    • gross national product
    • inclusive growth
    • innovation
    • latent realities
    • open prosperity
    • public co-creation
    • third wave DIY
    • virtual-social-physical convergence

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