Operation of a PTG plant under power scheduling

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Abstract

This paper presents a dynamic simulation study of the operation of a Power-to-Gas process. The process consists of three parallel 3MW alkaline electrolyzers driven by real-life national grid frequency data. These feed H2- and O2- compressor trains and storages processes followed by a methanation reactor. The process is controlled on two levels, where on the lower level stabilizing controllers are utilized to control e.g. flows and pressures by manipulation of e.g. valves and compressors. On the higher level, an operational scheduling of the electrolyzer operation is used. On this level the process can be operated as a primary grid frequency control reserve. To meet the local grid balancing needs, scheduling when to operate in frequency control could be determined beforehand from cost-efficient bidding in the local Electricity Spot and Regulation Power Markets. We assess a 24 hour period, in which the process operates to and from frequency control, from the point of view of how well the process can dampen variations. More precisely the effect of this operational scheduling on the electrolyzers, H2-storage system and CO2-methanation reactor is studied. Modelling of the process is done with a commercial, dynamic process simulator, Apros[...].
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationConference Proceedings of the 10th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference (IRES 2016)
PublisherEUROSOLAR The European Association for Renewable Energy
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
Event10th International Renewable Energy Storage, IRES 2016 - Düsseldorf, Germany
Duration: 15 Mar 201617 Mar 2016

Conference

Conference10th International Renewable Energy Storage, IRES 2016
Abbreviated titleIRES 2016
CountryGermany
CityDüsseldorf
Period15/03/1617/03/16

Fingerprint

Methanation
Scheduling
Compressors
Pressure control
Flow control
Electricity
Simulators
Controllers
Computer simulation
Gases
Costs
Power markets

Keywords

  • power to gas
  • Apros
  • electrolysis
  • methanations
  • energy storage

Cite this

Savolainen, J., Kannari, L., Pennanen, J., Tähtinen, M., Sihvonen, T., Pasonen, R., & Weiss, R. (2016). Operation of a PTG plant under power scheduling. In Conference Proceedings of the 10th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference (IRES 2016) EUROSOLAR The European Association for Renewable Energy.
Savolainen, Jouni ; Kannari, Lotta ; Pennanen, Jari ; Tähtinen, Matti ; Sihvonen, Teemu ; Pasonen, Riku ; Weiss, Robert. / Operation of a PTG plant under power scheduling. Conference Proceedings of the 10th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference (IRES 2016). EUROSOLAR The European Association for Renewable Energy, 2016.
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abstract = "This paper presents a dynamic simulation study of the operation of a Power-to-Gas process. The process consists of three parallel 3MW alkaline electrolyzers driven by real-life national grid frequency data. These feed H2- and O2- compressor trains and storages processes followed by a methanation reactor. The process is controlled on two levels, where on the lower level stabilizing controllers are utilized to control e.g. flows and pressures by manipulation of e.g. valves and compressors. On the higher level, an operational scheduling of the electrolyzer operation is used. On this level the process can be operated as a primary grid frequency control reserve. To meet the local grid balancing needs, scheduling when to operate in frequency control could be determined beforehand from cost-efficient bidding in the local Electricity Spot and Regulation Power Markets. We assess a 24 hour period, in which the process operates to and from frequency control, from the point of view of how well the process can dampen variations. More precisely the effect of this operational scheduling on the electrolyzers, H2-storage system and CO2-methanation reactor is studied. Modelling of the process is done with a commercial, dynamic process simulator, Apros[...].",
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Savolainen, J, Kannari, L, Pennanen, J, Tähtinen, M, Sihvonen, T, Pasonen, R & Weiss, R 2016, Operation of a PTG plant under power scheduling. in Conference Proceedings of the 10th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference (IRES 2016). EUROSOLAR The European Association for Renewable Energy, 10th International Renewable Energy Storage, IRES 2016, Düsseldorf, Germany, 15/03/16.

Operation of a PTG plant under power scheduling. / Savolainen, Jouni; Kannari, Lotta; Pennanen, Jari; Tähtinen, Matti; Sihvonen, Teemu; Pasonen, Riku; Weiss, Robert.

Conference Proceedings of the 10th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference (IRES 2016). EUROSOLAR The European Association for Renewable Energy, 2016.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

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T1 - Operation of a PTG plant under power scheduling

AU - Savolainen, Jouni

AU - Kannari, Lotta

AU - Pennanen, Jari

AU - Tähtinen, Matti

AU - Sihvonen, Teemu

AU - Pasonen, Riku

AU - Weiss, Robert

N1 - HUO: Only conference participants can download the proceedings, not publicly available ->v1 Project code: 101283

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - This paper presents a dynamic simulation study of the operation of a Power-to-Gas process. The process consists of three parallel 3MW alkaline electrolyzers driven by real-life national grid frequency data. These feed H2- and O2- compressor trains and storages processes followed by a methanation reactor. The process is controlled on two levels, where on the lower level stabilizing controllers are utilized to control e.g. flows and pressures by manipulation of e.g. valves and compressors. On the higher level, an operational scheduling of the electrolyzer operation is used. On this level the process can be operated as a primary grid frequency control reserve. To meet the local grid balancing needs, scheduling when to operate in frequency control could be determined beforehand from cost-efficient bidding in the local Electricity Spot and Regulation Power Markets. We assess a 24 hour period, in which the process operates to and from frequency control, from the point of view of how well the process can dampen variations. More precisely the effect of this operational scheduling on the electrolyzers, H2-storage system and CO2-methanation reactor is studied. Modelling of the process is done with a commercial, dynamic process simulator, Apros[...].

AB - This paper presents a dynamic simulation study of the operation of a Power-to-Gas process. The process consists of three parallel 3MW alkaline electrolyzers driven by real-life national grid frequency data. These feed H2- and O2- compressor trains and storages processes followed by a methanation reactor. The process is controlled on two levels, where on the lower level stabilizing controllers are utilized to control e.g. flows and pressures by manipulation of e.g. valves and compressors. On the higher level, an operational scheduling of the electrolyzer operation is used. On this level the process can be operated as a primary grid frequency control reserve. To meet the local grid balancing needs, scheduling when to operate in frequency control could be determined beforehand from cost-efficient bidding in the local Electricity Spot and Regulation Power Markets. We assess a 24 hour period, in which the process operates to and from frequency control, from the point of view of how well the process can dampen variations. More precisely the effect of this operational scheduling on the electrolyzers, H2-storage system and CO2-methanation reactor is studied. Modelling of the process is done with a commercial, dynamic process simulator, Apros[...].

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Savolainen J, Kannari L, Pennanen J, Tähtinen M, Sihvonen T, Pasonen R et al. Operation of a PTG plant under power scheduling. In Conference Proceedings of the 10th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference (IRES 2016). EUROSOLAR The European Association for Renewable Energy. 2016