Opportunities for mesoscopics in thermometry and refrigeration

Physics and applications

Francesco Giazotto, Tero T. Heikkilä, Arttu Luukanen, Alexander M. Savin, Jukka P. Pekola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

619 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This review describes unique thermal properties of mesoscopic structures with sizes between atomic and macroscopic scales, and how they can be applied to thermometry, refrigeration, and thermal detection. The emphasis is on low temperatures where physical phenomena on mesoscopic length scales in conjunction with hybrid combinations of superconductors, insulators, normal metals, and doped semiconductors create opportunities for a rich variety of novel device concepts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-274
JournalReviews of Modern Physics
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

temperature measurement
physics
thermodynamic properties
insulators
metals

Keywords

  • thermometers
  • refrigeration
  • mesoscopic systems
  • electron gas
  • relaxation
  • electron-phonon interactions
  • superconducting devices
  • metals
  • insulators
  • semiconductors
  • thermal properties

Cite this

Giazotto, Francesco ; Heikkilä, Tero T. ; Luukanen, Arttu ; Savin, Alexander M. ; Pekola, Jukka P. / Opportunities for mesoscopics in thermometry and refrigeration : Physics and applications. In: Reviews of Modern Physics. 2006 ; pp. 217-274.
@article{dceae6c19924469baa35a3d707958c47,
title = "Opportunities for mesoscopics in thermometry and refrigeration: Physics and applications",
abstract = "This review describes unique thermal properties of mesoscopic structures with sizes between atomic and macroscopic scales, and how they can be applied to thermometry, refrigeration, and thermal detection. The emphasis is on low temperatures where physical phenomena on mesoscopic length scales in conjunction with hybrid combinations of superconductors, insulators, normal metals, and doped semiconductors create opportunities for a rich variety of novel device concepts.",
keywords = "thermometers, refrigeration, mesoscopic systems, electron gas, relaxation, electron-phonon interactions, superconducting devices, metals, insulators, semiconductors, thermal properties",
author = "Francesco Giazotto and Heikkil{\"a}, {Tero T.} and Arttu Luukanen and Savin, {Alexander M.} and Pekola, {Jukka P.}",
year = "2006",
doi = "10.1103/RevModPhys.78.217",
language = "English",
pages = "217--274",
journal = "Reviews of Modern Physics",
issn = "0034-6861",
publisher = "American Physical Society",

}

Opportunities for mesoscopics in thermometry and refrigeration : Physics and applications. / Giazotto, Francesco; Heikkilä, Tero T.; Luukanen, Arttu; Savin, Alexander M.; Pekola, Jukka P.

In: Reviews of Modern Physics, 2006, p. 217-274.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Opportunities for mesoscopics in thermometry and refrigeration

T2 - Physics and applications

AU - Giazotto, Francesco

AU - Heikkilä, Tero T.

AU - Luukanen, Arttu

AU - Savin, Alexander M.

AU - Pekola, Jukka P.

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - This review describes unique thermal properties of mesoscopic structures with sizes between atomic and macroscopic scales, and how they can be applied to thermometry, refrigeration, and thermal detection. The emphasis is on low temperatures where physical phenomena on mesoscopic length scales in conjunction with hybrid combinations of superconductors, insulators, normal metals, and doped semiconductors create opportunities for a rich variety of novel device concepts.

AB - This review describes unique thermal properties of mesoscopic structures with sizes between atomic and macroscopic scales, and how they can be applied to thermometry, refrigeration, and thermal detection. The emphasis is on low temperatures where physical phenomena on mesoscopic length scales in conjunction with hybrid combinations of superconductors, insulators, normal metals, and doped semiconductors create opportunities for a rich variety of novel device concepts.

KW - thermometers

KW - refrigeration

KW - mesoscopic systems

KW - electron gas

KW - relaxation

KW - electron-phonon interactions

KW - superconducting devices

KW - metals

KW - insulators

KW - semiconductors

KW - thermal properties

U2 - 10.1103/RevModPhys.78.217

DO - 10.1103/RevModPhys.78.217

M3 - Article

SP - 217

EP - 274

JO - Reviews of Modern Physics

JF - Reviews of Modern Physics

SN - 0034-6861

ER -