Optical and chemical characterization of aerosols emitted from coal, heavy and light fuel oil, and small-scale wood combustion

Anna K. Frey (Corresponding Author), Karri Saarnio, Heikki Lamberg, Fanni Mylläri, Panu Karjalainen, Kimmo Teinilä, Samara Carbone, Jarkko Tissari, Ville Niemelä, Anna Häyrinen, Jani Rautiainen, Jorma Kytömäki, Paulo Artaxo, Aki Virkkula, Liisa Pirjola, Topi Rönkkö, Jorma Keskinen, Jorma Jokiniemi, Risto Hillamo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Particle emissions affect radiative forcing in the atmosphere. Therefore, it is essential to know the physical and chemical characteristics of them. This work studied the chemical, physical, and optical characteristics of particle emissions from small-scale wood combustion, coal combustion of a heating and power plant, as well as heavy and light fuel oil combustion at a district heating station. Fine particle (PM1) emissions were the highest in wood combustion with a high fraction of absorbing material. The emissions were lowest from coal combustion mostly because of efficient cleaning techniques used at the power plant. The chemical composition of aerosols from coal and oil combustion included mostly ions and trace elements with a rather low fraction of absorbing material. The single scattering albedo and aerosol forcing efficiency showed that primary particles emitted from wood combustion and some cases of oil combustion would have a clear climate warming effect even over dark earth surfaces. Instead, coal combustion particle emissions had a cooling effect. Secondary processes in the atmosphere will further change the radiative properties of these emissions but are not considered in this study
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)827-836
JournalEnvironmental Science & Technology
Volume48
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Fuel Oils
Coal
Aerosols
Wood
combustion
coal
Coal combustion
aerosol
Power plants
Oils
power plant
District heating
Trace Elements
atmosphere
oil
radiative forcing
Cleaning
Earth (planet)
albedo
chemical

Cite this

Frey, Anna K. ; Saarnio, Karri ; Lamberg, Heikki ; Mylläri, Fanni ; Karjalainen, Panu ; Teinilä, Kimmo ; Carbone, Samara ; Tissari, Jarkko ; Niemelä, Ville ; Häyrinen, Anna ; Rautiainen, Jani ; Kytömäki, Jorma ; Artaxo, Paulo ; Virkkula, Aki ; Pirjola, Liisa ; Rönkkö, Topi ; Keskinen, Jorma ; Jokiniemi, Jorma ; Hillamo, Risto. / Optical and chemical characterization of aerosols emitted from coal, heavy and light fuel oil, and small-scale wood combustion. In: Environmental Science & Technology. 2014 ; Vol. 48, No. 1. pp. 827-836.
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title = "Optical and chemical characterization of aerosols emitted from coal, heavy and light fuel oil, and small-scale wood combustion",
abstract = "Particle emissions affect radiative forcing in the atmosphere. Therefore, it is essential to know the physical and chemical characteristics of them. This work studied the chemical, physical, and optical characteristics of particle emissions from small-scale wood combustion, coal combustion of a heating and power plant, as well as heavy and light fuel oil combustion at a district heating station. Fine particle (PM1) emissions were the highest in wood combustion with a high fraction of absorbing material. The emissions were lowest from coal combustion mostly because of efficient cleaning techniques used at the power plant. The chemical composition of aerosols from coal and oil combustion included mostly ions and trace elements with a rather low fraction of absorbing material. The single scattering albedo and aerosol forcing efficiency showed that primary particles emitted from wood combustion and some cases of oil combustion would have a clear climate warming effect even over dark earth surfaces. Instead, coal combustion particle emissions had a cooling effect. Secondary processes in the atmosphere will further change the radiative properties of these emissions but are not considered in this study",
author = "Frey, {Anna K.} and Karri Saarnio and Heikki Lamberg and Fanni Myll{\"a}ri and Panu Karjalainen and Kimmo Teinil{\"a} and Samara Carbone and Jarkko Tissari and Ville Niemel{\"a} and Anna H{\"a}yrinen and Jani Rautiainen and Jorma Kyt{\"o}m{\"a}ki and Paulo Artaxo and Aki Virkkula and Liisa Pirjola and Topi R{\"o}nkk{\"o} and Jorma Keskinen and Jorma Jokiniemi and Risto Hillamo",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1021/es4028698",
language = "English",
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pages = "827--836",
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Frey, AK, Saarnio, K, Lamberg, H, Mylläri, F, Karjalainen, P, Teinilä, K, Carbone, S, Tissari, J, Niemelä, V, Häyrinen, A, Rautiainen, J, Kytömäki, J, Artaxo, P, Virkkula, A, Pirjola, L, Rönkkö, T, Keskinen, J, Jokiniemi, J & Hillamo, R 2014, 'Optical and chemical characterization of aerosols emitted from coal, heavy and light fuel oil, and small-scale wood combustion', Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 827-836. https://doi.org/10.1021/es4028698

Optical and chemical characterization of aerosols emitted from coal, heavy and light fuel oil, and small-scale wood combustion. / Frey, Anna K. (Corresponding Author); Saarnio, Karri; Lamberg, Heikki; Mylläri, Fanni; Karjalainen, Panu; Teinilä, Kimmo; Carbone, Samara; Tissari, Jarkko; Niemelä, Ville; Häyrinen, Anna; Rautiainen, Jani; Kytömäki, Jorma; Artaxo, Paulo; Virkkula, Aki; Pirjola, Liisa; Rönkkö, Topi; Keskinen, Jorma; Jokiniemi, Jorma; Hillamo, Risto.

In: Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 48, No. 1, 2014, p. 827-836.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Optical and chemical characterization of aerosols emitted from coal, heavy and light fuel oil, and small-scale wood combustion

AU - Frey, Anna K.

AU - Saarnio, Karri

AU - Lamberg, Heikki

AU - Mylläri, Fanni

AU - Karjalainen, Panu

AU - Teinilä, Kimmo

AU - Carbone, Samara

AU - Tissari, Jarkko

AU - Niemelä, Ville

AU - Häyrinen, Anna

AU - Rautiainen, Jani

AU - Kytömäki, Jorma

AU - Artaxo, Paulo

AU - Virkkula, Aki

AU - Pirjola, Liisa

AU - Rönkkö, Topi

AU - Keskinen, Jorma

AU - Jokiniemi, Jorma

AU - Hillamo, Risto

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Particle emissions affect radiative forcing in the atmosphere. Therefore, it is essential to know the physical and chemical characteristics of them. This work studied the chemical, physical, and optical characteristics of particle emissions from small-scale wood combustion, coal combustion of a heating and power plant, as well as heavy and light fuel oil combustion at a district heating station. Fine particle (PM1) emissions were the highest in wood combustion with a high fraction of absorbing material. The emissions were lowest from coal combustion mostly because of efficient cleaning techniques used at the power plant. The chemical composition of aerosols from coal and oil combustion included mostly ions and trace elements with a rather low fraction of absorbing material. The single scattering albedo and aerosol forcing efficiency showed that primary particles emitted from wood combustion and some cases of oil combustion would have a clear climate warming effect even over dark earth surfaces. Instead, coal combustion particle emissions had a cooling effect. Secondary processes in the atmosphere will further change the radiative properties of these emissions but are not considered in this study

AB - Particle emissions affect radiative forcing in the atmosphere. Therefore, it is essential to know the physical and chemical characteristics of them. This work studied the chemical, physical, and optical characteristics of particle emissions from small-scale wood combustion, coal combustion of a heating and power plant, as well as heavy and light fuel oil combustion at a district heating station. Fine particle (PM1) emissions were the highest in wood combustion with a high fraction of absorbing material. The emissions were lowest from coal combustion mostly because of efficient cleaning techniques used at the power plant. The chemical composition of aerosols from coal and oil combustion included mostly ions and trace elements with a rather low fraction of absorbing material. The single scattering albedo and aerosol forcing efficiency showed that primary particles emitted from wood combustion and some cases of oil combustion would have a clear climate warming effect even over dark earth surfaces. Instead, coal combustion particle emissions had a cooling effect. Secondary processes in the atmosphere will further change the radiative properties of these emissions but are not considered in this study

U2 - 10.1021/es4028698

DO - 10.1021/es4028698

M3 - Article

VL - 48

SP - 827

EP - 836

JO - Environmental Science & Technology

JF - Environmental Science & Technology

SN - 0013-936X

IS - 1

ER -