Optical sensors for urban search and rescue operations

Aki Mäyrä, A. Agapiou, L. Hildebrand, Kai Ojala, K. Mikedi, M. Statheropoulos

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)


    The Second Generation Locator for Urban Search and Rescue Operations (SGL for USaR) is an EC-funded project solving critical problems following massive destruction and large scale structural collapses in urban locations. One part of the project is the development of a standalone portable first responder device (FIRST) for the operational rescue teams. It will combine field chemical analysis, spectral analysis with audio and video analysis capabilities for the early location of entrapped people, the detection of buried people and air quality monitoring in confined spaces for ensuring safety and security of first responders. Hardware selected for the optical sensors of the FIRST-device will be responsible for the fluorescence, visible (VIS), near infrared (NIR) and long wavelength infrared (LWIR) range detection as well as supplying required illumination. FIRST shall identify images of fires or other events, damage patterns, temperature of living humans, motion of body parts and human postures. The device requirements were based on the operational input and feedback received from European rescue teams - partners within the project (final product end-users). Some of the critical properties for the selected components were compact physical size, low power consumption, refresh rate and adequate resolution of the sensor image data. During the project, special image libraries were collected and suitable image processing algorithms based on the collected data were developed
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationElectro-Optical and Infrared Systems: Technology and Applications VIII
    EditorsDavid A. Huckridge
    PublisherInternational Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE
    Number of pages8
    ISBN (Print)978-0-8194-8813-8
    Publication statusPublished - 2011
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    EventElectro-Optical and Infrared Systems: Technology and Applications VIII. SPIE Security + Defence - Prague, Czech Republic
    Duration: 21 Sept 201122 Sept 2011

    Publication series

    SeriesProceedings of SPIE


    ConferenceElectro-Optical and Infrared Systems: Technology and Applications VIII. SPIE Security + Defence
    Country/TerritoryCzech Republic


    • Audio-video-chemical integration
    • buildings collapse
    • first responders
    • hazard detection
    • image enhancement
    • multi-sensor device
    • natural or man-made disasters
    • optical engineering
    • USaR operations


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