Optimised method of coal digestion for trace metal determination by atomic absorption spectroscopy

Ermo Ikävalko, Timo Laitinen, Hannu Revitzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Understanding the transport of trace elements through a coal-fired power plant requires reliable analytical methods for these elements in all the ingoing and outgoing mass streams. Coal and different kinds of ashes comprise the most abundant mass streams in such a plant. As a continuation of our previous work, we have optimised a digestion method for the AAS determination of heavy metals in coal samples. It has become evident that complete dissolution of metals in coal samples and accurate results in subsequent analysis can be obtained by means of applying pressurised digestion under microwave heating. The combination of HNO3 (conc.) and HF (conc.) in the volume ratio of 50 : 1 attacked the sample well enough, and good recoveries for all the metals studied were obtained. Surprisingly good results were obtained also when HNO3 alone was used as the digestion acid.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)314-316
Number of pages3
JournalFresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Volume363
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Atomic spectroscopy
Coal
Absorption spectroscopy
Digestion
Spectrum Analysis
Metals
Ashes
Power Plants
Microwave heating
Trace Elements
Microwaves
Heavy Metals
Heating
Power plants
Dissolution
Recovery
Acids
Trace metals

Cite this

Ikävalko, Ermo ; Laitinen, Timo ; Revitzer, Hannu. / Optimised method of coal digestion for trace metal determination by atomic absorption spectroscopy. In: Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry. 1999 ; Vol. 363, No. 3. pp. 314-316.
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Optimised method of coal digestion for trace metal determination by atomic absorption spectroscopy. / Ikävalko, Ermo; Laitinen, Timo; Revitzer, Hannu.

In: Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 363, No. 3, 1999, p. 314-316.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Ikävalko, Ermo

AU - Laitinen, Timo

AU - Revitzer, Hannu

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PY - 1999

Y1 - 1999

N2 - Understanding the transport of trace elements through a coal-fired power plant requires reliable analytical methods for these elements in all the ingoing and outgoing mass streams. Coal and different kinds of ashes comprise the most abundant mass streams in such a plant. As a continuation of our previous work, we have optimised a digestion method for the AAS determination of heavy metals in coal samples. It has become evident that complete dissolution of metals in coal samples and accurate results in subsequent analysis can be obtained by means of applying pressurised digestion under microwave heating. The combination of HNO3 (conc.) and HF (conc.) in the volume ratio of 50 : 1 attacked the sample well enough, and good recoveries for all the metals studied were obtained. Surprisingly good results were obtained also when HNO3 alone was used as the digestion acid.

AB - Understanding the transport of trace elements through a coal-fired power plant requires reliable analytical methods for these elements in all the ingoing and outgoing mass streams. Coal and different kinds of ashes comprise the most abundant mass streams in such a plant. As a continuation of our previous work, we have optimised a digestion method for the AAS determination of heavy metals in coal samples. It has become evident that complete dissolution of metals in coal samples and accurate results in subsequent analysis can be obtained by means of applying pressurised digestion under microwave heating. The combination of HNO3 (conc.) and HF (conc.) in the volume ratio of 50 : 1 attacked the sample well enough, and good recoveries for all the metals studied were obtained. Surprisingly good results were obtained also when HNO3 alone was used as the digestion acid.

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DO - 10.1007/s002160051195

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