Optimising the multiplex factor of the frequency domain multiplexed readout of the TES-based microcalorimeter imaging array for the X-IFU instrument on the Athena Xray observatory

J. van der Kuur, L.G. Gottardi, H. Akamatsu, B.J. van Leeuwen, R. den Hartog, D. Haas, M. Kiviranta, B.J. Jackson

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    11 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Athena is a space-based X-ray observatory intended for exploration of the hot and energetic universe. One of the science instruments on Athena will be the X-ray Integrated Field Unit (X-IFU), which is a cryogenic X-ray spectrometer, based on a large cryogenic imaging array of Transition Edge Sensors (TES) based microcalorimeters operating at a temperature of 100mK. The imaging array consists of 3800 pixels providing 2.5 eV spectral resolution, and covers a field of view with a diameter of of 5 arc minutes. Multiplexed readout of the cryogenic microcalorimeter array is essential to comply with the cooling power and complexity constraints on a space craft. Frequency domain multiplexing has been under development for the readout of TES-based detectors for this purpose, not only for the X-IFU detector arrays but also for TES-based bolometer arrays for the Safari instrument of the Japanese SPICA observatory. This paper discusses the design considerations which are applicable to optimise the multiplex factor within the boundary conditions as set by the space craft. More specifically, the interplay between the science requirements such as pixel dynamic range, pixel speed, and cross talk, and the space craft requirements such as the power dissipation budget, available bandwidth, and electromagnetic compatibility will be discussed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray
    Subtitle of host publication99055R (2016)
    PublisherInternational Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    EventSPIE Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation - Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    Duration: 26 Jun 20161 Jul 2016

    Publication series

    SeriesProceedings of SPIE
    Volume9905
    ISSN0277-786X

    Conference

    ConferenceSPIE Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation
    CountryUnited Kingdom
    CityEdinburgh
    Period26/06/161/07/16

    Fingerprint

    calorimeters
    readout
    observatories
    sensors
    cryogenics
    vehicles
    pixels
    x rays
    electromagnetic compatibility
    requirements
    detectors
    bolometers
    multiplexing
    budgets
    spectral resolution
    field of view
    dynamic range
    dissipation
    arcs
    universe

    Keywords

    • Athena
    • frequency domain multiplexing
    • readout
    • TES
    • X-IFU

    Cite this

    van der Kuur, J., Gottardi, L. G., Akamatsu, H., van Leeuwen, B. J., den Hartog, R., Haas, D., ... Jackson, B. J. (2016). Optimising the multiplex factor of the frequency domain multiplexed readout of the TES-based microcalorimeter imaging array for the X-IFU instrument on the Athena Xray observatory. In Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray: 99055R (2016) [Article number 99055R] International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE. Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.. 9905 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232830
    van der Kuur, J. ; Gottardi, L.G. ; Akamatsu, H. ; van Leeuwen, B.J. ; den Hartog, R. ; Haas, D. ; Kiviranta, M. ; Jackson, B.J. / Optimising the multiplex factor of the frequency domain multiplexed readout of the TES-based microcalorimeter imaging array for the X-IFU instrument on the Athena Xray observatory. Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray: 99055R (2016). International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, 2016. (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9905).
    @inproceedings{c75c43d51b9f487f93c954a9442a5dca,
    title = "Optimising the multiplex factor of the frequency domain multiplexed readout of the TES-based microcalorimeter imaging array for the X-IFU instrument on the Athena Xray observatory",
    abstract = "Athena is a space-based X-ray observatory intended for exploration of the hot and energetic universe. One of the science instruments on Athena will be the X-ray Integrated Field Unit (X-IFU), which is a cryogenic X-ray spectrometer, based on a large cryogenic imaging array of Transition Edge Sensors (TES) based microcalorimeters operating at a temperature of 100mK. The imaging array consists of 3800 pixels providing 2.5 eV spectral resolution, and covers a field of view with a diameter of of 5 arc minutes. Multiplexed readout of the cryogenic microcalorimeter array is essential to comply with the cooling power and complexity constraints on a space craft. Frequency domain multiplexing has been under development for the readout of TES-based detectors for this purpose, not only for the X-IFU detector arrays but also for TES-based bolometer arrays for the Safari instrument of the Japanese SPICA observatory. This paper discusses the design considerations which are applicable to optimise the multiplex factor within the boundary conditions as set by the space craft. More specifically, the interplay between the science requirements such as pixel dynamic range, pixel speed, and cross talk, and the space craft requirements such as the power dissipation budget, available bandwidth, and electromagnetic compatibility will be discussed.",
    keywords = "Athena, frequency domain multiplexing, readout, TES, X-IFU",
    author = "{van der Kuur}, J. and L.G. Gottardi and H. Akamatsu and {van Leeuwen}, B.J. and {den Hartog}, R. and D. Haas and M. Kiviranta and B.J. Jackson",
    year = "2016",
    doi = "10.1117/12.2232830",
    language = "English",
    series = "Proceedings of SPIE",
    publisher = "International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE",
    booktitle = "Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray",
    address = "United States",

    }

    van der Kuur, J, Gottardi, LG, Akamatsu, H, van Leeuwen, BJ, den Hartog, R, Haas, D, Kiviranta, M & Jackson, BJ 2016, Optimising the multiplex factor of the frequency domain multiplexed readout of the TES-based microcalorimeter imaging array for the X-IFU instrument on the Athena Xray observatory. in Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray: 99055R (2016)., Article number 99055R, International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 9905, SPIE Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, 26/06/16. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232830

    Optimising the multiplex factor of the frequency domain multiplexed readout of the TES-based microcalorimeter imaging array for the X-IFU instrument on the Athena Xray observatory. / van der Kuur, J.; Gottardi, L.G.; Akamatsu, H.; van Leeuwen, B.J.; den Hartog, R.; Haas, D.; Kiviranta, M.; Jackson, B.J.

    Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray: 99055R (2016). International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, 2016. Article number 99055R (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9905).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    TY - GEN

    T1 - Optimising the multiplex factor of the frequency domain multiplexed readout of the TES-based microcalorimeter imaging array for the X-IFU instrument on the Athena Xray observatory

    AU - van der Kuur, J.

    AU - Gottardi, L.G.

    AU - Akamatsu, H.

    AU - van Leeuwen, B.J.

    AU - den Hartog, R.

    AU - Haas, D.

    AU - Kiviranta, M.

    AU - Jackson, B.J.

    PY - 2016

    Y1 - 2016

    N2 - Athena is a space-based X-ray observatory intended for exploration of the hot and energetic universe. One of the science instruments on Athena will be the X-ray Integrated Field Unit (X-IFU), which is a cryogenic X-ray spectrometer, based on a large cryogenic imaging array of Transition Edge Sensors (TES) based microcalorimeters operating at a temperature of 100mK. The imaging array consists of 3800 pixels providing 2.5 eV spectral resolution, and covers a field of view with a diameter of of 5 arc minutes. Multiplexed readout of the cryogenic microcalorimeter array is essential to comply with the cooling power and complexity constraints on a space craft. Frequency domain multiplexing has been under development for the readout of TES-based detectors for this purpose, not only for the X-IFU detector arrays but also for TES-based bolometer arrays for the Safari instrument of the Japanese SPICA observatory. This paper discusses the design considerations which are applicable to optimise the multiplex factor within the boundary conditions as set by the space craft. More specifically, the interplay between the science requirements such as pixel dynamic range, pixel speed, and cross talk, and the space craft requirements such as the power dissipation budget, available bandwidth, and electromagnetic compatibility will be discussed.

    AB - Athena is a space-based X-ray observatory intended for exploration of the hot and energetic universe. One of the science instruments on Athena will be the X-ray Integrated Field Unit (X-IFU), which is a cryogenic X-ray spectrometer, based on a large cryogenic imaging array of Transition Edge Sensors (TES) based microcalorimeters operating at a temperature of 100mK. The imaging array consists of 3800 pixels providing 2.5 eV spectral resolution, and covers a field of view with a diameter of of 5 arc minutes. Multiplexed readout of the cryogenic microcalorimeter array is essential to comply with the cooling power and complexity constraints on a space craft. Frequency domain multiplexing has been under development for the readout of TES-based detectors for this purpose, not only for the X-IFU detector arrays but also for TES-based bolometer arrays for the Safari instrument of the Japanese SPICA observatory. This paper discusses the design considerations which are applicable to optimise the multiplex factor within the boundary conditions as set by the space craft. More specifically, the interplay between the science requirements such as pixel dynamic range, pixel speed, and cross talk, and the space craft requirements such as the power dissipation budget, available bandwidth, and electromagnetic compatibility will be discussed.

    KW - Athena

    KW - frequency domain multiplexing

    KW - readout

    KW - TES

    KW - X-IFU

    U2 - 10.1117/12.2232830

    DO - 10.1117/12.2232830

    M3 - Conference article in proceedings

    T3 - Proceedings of SPIE

    BT - Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray

    PB - International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE

    ER -

    van der Kuur J, Gottardi LG, Akamatsu H, van Leeuwen BJ, den Hartog R, Haas D et al. Optimising the multiplex factor of the frequency domain multiplexed readout of the TES-based microcalorimeter imaging array for the X-IFU instrument on the Athena Xray observatory. In Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray: 99055R (2016). International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE. 2016. Article number 99055R. (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9905). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232830