Optimising the multiplex factor of the frequency domain multiplexed readout of the TES-based microcalorimeter imaging array for the X-IFU instrument on the Athena Xray observatory

J. van der Kuur, L.G. Gottardi, H. Akamatsu, B.J. van Leeuwen, R. den Hartog, D. Haas, M. Kiviranta, B.J. Jackson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Athena is a space-based X-ray observatory intended for exploration of the hot and energetic universe. One of the science instruments on Athena will be the X-ray Integrated Field Unit (X-IFU), which is a cryogenic X-ray spectrometer, based on a large cryogenic imaging array of Transition Edge Sensors (TES) based microcalorimeters operating at a temperature of 100mK. The imaging array consists of 3800 pixels providing 2.5 eV spectral resolution, and covers a field of view with a diameter of of 5 arc minutes. Multiplexed readout of the cryogenic microcalorimeter array is essential to comply with the cooling power and complexity constraints on a space craft. Frequency domain multiplexing has been under development for the readout of TES-based detectors for this purpose, not only for the X-IFU detector arrays but also for TES-based bolometer arrays for the Safari instrument of the Japanese SPICA observatory. This paper discusses the design considerations which are applicable to optimise the multiplex factor within the boundary conditions as set by the space craft. More specifically, the interplay between the science requirements such as pixel dynamic range, pixel speed, and cross talk, and the space craft requirements such as the power dissipation budget, available bandwidth, and electromagnetic compatibility will be discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray
Subtitle of host publication99055R (2016)
PublisherInternational Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventSPIE Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation - Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Duration: 26 Jun 20161 Jul 2016

Publication series

SeriesProceedings of SPIE
Volume9905
ISSN0277-786X

Conference

ConferenceSPIE Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityEdinburgh
Period26/06/161/07/16

Fingerprint

calorimeters
readout
observatories
sensors
cryogenics
vehicles
pixels
x rays
electromagnetic compatibility
requirements
detectors
bolometers
multiplexing
budgets
spectral resolution
field of view
dynamic range
dissipation
arcs
universe

Keywords

  • Athena
  • frequency domain multiplexing
  • readout
  • TES
  • X-IFU

Cite this

van der Kuur, J., Gottardi, L. G., Akamatsu, H., van Leeuwen, B. J., den Hartog, R., Haas, D., ... Jackson, B. J. (2016). Optimising the multiplex factor of the frequency domain multiplexed readout of the TES-based microcalorimeter imaging array for the X-IFU instrument on the Athena Xray observatory. In Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray: 99055R (2016) [Article number 99055R] International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE. Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.. 9905 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232830
van der Kuur, J. ; Gottardi, L.G. ; Akamatsu, H. ; van Leeuwen, B.J. ; den Hartog, R. ; Haas, D. ; Kiviranta, M. ; Jackson, B.J. / Optimising the multiplex factor of the frequency domain multiplexed readout of the TES-based microcalorimeter imaging array for the X-IFU instrument on the Athena Xray observatory. Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray: 99055R (2016). International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, 2016. (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9905).
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abstract = "Athena is a space-based X-ray observatory intended for exploration of the hot and energetic universe. One of the science instruments on Athena will be the X-ray Integrated Field Unit (X-IFU), which is a cryogenic X-ray spectrometer, based on a large cryogenic imaging array of Transition Edge Sensors (TES) based microcalorimeters operating at a temperature of 100mK. The imaging array consists of 3800 pixels providing 2.5 eV spectral resolution, and covers a field of view with a diameter of of 5 arc minutes. Multiplexed readout of the cryogenic microcalorimeter array is essential to comply with the cooling power and complexity constraints on a space craft. Frequency domain multiplexing has been under development for the readout of TES-based detectors for this purpose, not only for the X-IFU detector arrays but also for TES-based bolometer arrays for the Safari instrument of the Japanese SPICA observatory. This paper discusses the design considerations which are applicable to optimise the multiplex factor within the boundary conditions as set by the space craft. More specifically, the interplay between the science requirements such as pixel dynamic range, pixel speed, and cross talk, and the space craft requirements such as the power dissipation budget, available bandwidth, and electromagnetic compatibility will be discussed.",
keywords = "Athena, frequency domain multiplexing, readout, TES, X-IFU",
author = "{van der Kuur}, J. and L.G. Gottardi and H. Akamatsu and {van Leeuwen}, B.J. and {den Hartog}, R. and D. Haas and M. Kiviranta and B.J. Jackson",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1117/12.2232830",
language = "English",
series = "Proceedings of SPIE",
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van der Kuur, J, Gottardi, LG, Akamatsu, H, van Leeuwen, BJ, den Hartog, R, Haas, D, Kiviranta, M & Jackson, BJ 2016, Optimising the multiplex factor of the frequency domain multiplexed readout of the TES-based microcalorimeter imaging array for the X-IFU instrument on the Athena Xray observatory. in Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray: 99055R (2016)., Article number 99055R, International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 9905, SPIE Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, 26/06/16. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232830

Optimising the multiplex factor of the frequency domain multiplexed readout of the TES-based microcalorimeter imaging array for the X-IFU instrument on the Athena Xray observatory. / van der Kuur, J.; Gottardi, L.G.; Akamatsu, H.; van Leeuwen, B.J.; den Hartog, R.; Haas, D.; Kiviranta, M.; Jackson, B.J.

Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray: 99055R (2016). International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, 2016. Article number 99055R (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9905).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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AB - Athena is a space-based X-ray observatory intended for exploration of the hot and energetic universe. One of the science instruments on Athena will be the X-ray Integrated Field Unit (X-IFU), which is a cryogenic X-ray spectrometer, based on a large cryogenic imaging array of Transition Edge Sensors (TES) based microcalorimeters operating at a temperature of 100mK. The imaging array consists of 3800 pixels providing 2.5 eV spectral resolution, and covers a field of view with a diameter of of 5 arc minutes. Multiplexed readout of the cryogenic microcalorimeter array is essential to comply with the cooling power and complexity constraints on a space craft. Frequency domain multiplexing has been under development for the readout of TES-based detectors for this purpose, not only for the X-IFU detector arrays but also for TES-based bolometer arrays for the Safari instrument of the Japanese SPICA observatory. This paper discusses the design considerations which are applicable to optimise the multiplex factor within the boundary conditions as set by the space craft. More specifically, the interplay between the science requirements such as pixel dynamic range, pixel speed, and cross talk, and the space craft requirements such as the power dissipation budget, available bandwidth, and electromagnetic compatibility will be discussed.

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PB - International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE

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van der Kuur J, Gottardi LG, Akamatsu H, van Leeuwen BJ, den Hartog R, Haas D et al. Optimising the multiplex factor of the frequency domain multiplexed readout of the TES-based microcalorimeter imaging array for the X-IFU instrument on the Athena Xray observatory. In Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray: 99055R (2016). International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE. 2016. Article number 99055R. (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9905). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232830