Optimization of the strength of SOFC anode supports

H.L. Frandsen (Corresponding Author), T. Ramos, A. Faes, Mikko Pihlatie, K. Brodersen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    42 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    During operation solid oxide fuel cells are stressed by temperature gradients and various internal and external mechanical loads, which must be withstood. This work deals with the optimization of the strength of as-sintered anode supported half-cells by imposing changes to production parameters, such as powder milling and sintering temperature. The strength was measured with the ball-on-ring method, and analyzed with a large displacement finite element model. Weibull statistics were used to describe the distribution of strengths. The influence on the Weibull strength of the many different processing parameters was found to be quantifiable in terms of cell porosity to a large extent. The results were validated with an independent set of measurements of strength and stiffness by uniaxial tension and the impulse excitation technique, respectively. For application of the finding in relation to the SOFC technology a mathematical frame to determine the optimal porosity of a SOFC system is presented.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1041-1052
    Number of pages12
    JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
    Volume32
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
    Anodes
    Porosity
    Powders
    Thermal gradients
    Sintering
    Stiffness
    Statistics
    Processing
    Temperature

    Keywords

    • Strength
    • fuel sells
    • sintering
    • porosity
    • optimization

    Cite this

    Frandsen, H.L. ; Ramos, T. ; Faes, A. ; Pihlatie, Mikko ; Brodersen, K. / Optimization of the strength of SOFC anode supports. In: Journal of the European Ceramic Society. 2012 ; Vol. 32, No. 5. pp. 1041-1052.
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    Optimization of the strength of SOFC anode supports. / Frandsen, H.L. (Corresponding Author); Ramos, T.; Faes, A.; Pihlatie, Mikko; Brodersen, K.

    In: Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Vol. 32, No. 5, 2012, p. 1041-1052.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Optimization of the strength of SOFC anode supports

    AU - Frandsen, H.L.

    AU - Ramos, T.

    AU - Faes, A.

    AU - Pihlatie, Mikko

    AU - Brodersen, K.

    PY - 2012

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    AB - During operation solid oxide fuel cells are stressed by temperature gradients and various internal and external mechanical loads, which must be withstood. This work deals with the optimization of the strength of as-sintered anode supported half-cells by imposing changes to production parameters, such as powder milling and sintering temperature. The strength was measured with the ball-on-ring method, and analyzed with a large displacement finite element model. Weibull statistics were used to describe the distribution of strengths. The influence on the Weibull strength of the many different processing parameters was found to be quantifiable in terms of cell porosity to a large extent. The results were validated with an independent set of measurements of strength and stiffness by uniaxial tension and the impulse excitation technique, respectively. For application of the finding in relation to the SOFC technology a mathematical frame to determine the optimal porosity of a SOFC system is presented.

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    KW - fuel sells

    KW - sintering

    KW - porosity

    KW - optimization

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    JO - Journal of the European Ceramic Society

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    ER -