Organizational factors, management, and nuclear safety

Teemu Reiman, Pia Oedewald

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

Abstract

Organizations that operate in high hazard domains are expected to function reliably and to anticipate the operating risks caused by the technology itself and the organizational practices. It is widely acknowledged that organizational reliability requires more than clear procedures and compliant people. Nuclear power plants are complex sosiotechnical systems where goal conflicts and interdependencies between different functions are inevitable. The technology, structures and procedures as well as the people working in the power plants are constantly changing. Safety management should aim at identifying the changing vulnerabilities of the organization and evaluating how the actions taken to improve safe performance actually affect the reliability of the organization. CULMA-project has carried out various organizational assessments in Nordic nuclear power plants and identified conflicting opinions on how to approach organizational reliability. Four principles for improving organizational performance are suggested based on our results from the organizational assessments and the latest research on safety critical organizations.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSAFIR: The Finnish Research Programme on Nuclear Power Plant Safety 2003-2006
Subtitle of host publicationFinal Report
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Pages314-322
ISBN (Electronic)951-38-6887-7
ISBN (Print)951-38-6886-9
Publication statusPublished - 2006
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

NameVTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes
PublisherVTT
Number2363
ISSN (Print)1235-0605
ISSN (Electronic)1455-0865

Fingerprint

Organizational factors
Safety
Nuclear power plant
Organizational practices
Organizational performance
Safety management
Complex systems
Hazard
Nordic
Interdependencies
Vulnerability
Power plant
Goal conflict

Cite this

Reiman, T., & Oedewald, P. (2006). Organizational factors, management, and nuclear safety. In SAFIR: The Finnish Research Programme on Nuclear Power Plant Safety 2003-2006: Final Report (pp. 314-322). Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes, No. 2363
Reiman, Teemu ; Oedewald, Pia. / Organizational factors, management, and nuclear safety. SAFIR: The Finnish Research Programme on Nuclear Power Plant Safety 2003-2006: Final Report. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2006. pp. 314-322 (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2363).
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Reiman, T & Oedewald, P 2006, Organizational factors, management, and nuclear safety. in SAFIR: The Finnish Research Programme on Nuclear Power Plant Safety 2003-2006: Final Report. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes, no. 2363, pp. 314-322.

Organizational factors, management, and nuclear safety. / Reiman, Teemu; Oedewald, Pia.

SAFIR: The Finnish Research Programme on Nuclear Power Plant Safety 2003-2006: Final Report. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2006. p. 314-322 (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2363).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

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Reiman T, Oedewald P. Organizational factors, management, and nuclear safety. In SAFIR: The Finnish Research Programme on Nuclear Power Plant Safety 2003-2006: Final Report. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2006. p. 314-322. (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2363).