Organizational factors, management, and nuclear safety

Teemu Reiman, Pia Oedewald

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional


Organizations that operate in high hazard domains are expected to function reliably and to anticipate the operating risks caused by the technology itself and the organizational practices. It is widely acknowledged that organizational reliability requires more than clear procedures and compliant people. Nuclear power plants are complex sosiotechnical systems where goal conflicts and interdependencies between different functions are inevitable. The technology, structures and procedures as well as the people working in the power plants are constantly changing. Safety management should aim at identifying the changing vulnerabilities of the organization and evaluating how the actions taken to improve safe performance actually affect the reliability of the organization. CULMA-project has carried out various organizational assessments in Nordic nuclear power plants and identified conflicting opinions on how to approach organizational reliability. Four principles for improving organizational performance are suggested based on our results from the organizational assessments and the latest research on safety critical organizations.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSAFIR: The Finnish Research Programme on Nuclear Power Plant Safety 2003-2006
Subtitle of host publicationFinal Report
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
ISBN (Electronic)951-38-6887-7
ISBN (Print)951-38-6886-9
Publication statusPublished - 2006
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

SeriesVTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes


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