Overview and progress in the European project: "Supercritical Water Reactor - Fuel Qualification Test"

M Ruzickova (Corresponding Author), T Schulenberg, D C Visser, R Novotny, A Kiss, C Maraczy, Aki Toivonen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    20 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The Supercritical Water Reactor (SCWR) is one of the six reactors being investigated under the framework of the Generation IV International Forum (GIF). One of the major challenges in the development of a SCWR is to develop materials for the fuel and core structures that will be sufficiently corrosion-resistant to withstand supercritical water conditions. Previously, core, reactor and plant design concept of the European High Performance Light Water Reactor (HPLWR) have been worked out in substantial detail. As the next step, it has been proposed to carry out a fuel qualification test of a small scale fuel assembly in a research reactor under typical prototype conditions. Design and licensing of an experimental facility for the fuel qualification test, including the small scale fuel assembly, the required coolant loop with supercritical water and safety and auxiliary systems, is the scope of the project "Supercritical Water Reactor - Fuel Qualification Test" (SCWR-FQT) described here. This project is a collaborative project co-funded by the European Commission, which takes advantage of a Chinese - European collaboration, in which China offers an electrically heated out-of-pile loop for testing of fuel bundles. The results of these out-of-pile tests on an electrically heated, but otherwise identical, fuel assembly shall be used as a pre-qualification experiment as well as for providing data for CFD and system codes validation. A significant part of the design and the necessary structural, CFD, neutronic and safety analyses had been completed. The design of the facility, and especially of the test section with the fuel assembly, as well as the most important results of the above mentioned analyses are presented. Material test results of the stainless steels considered for the fuel cladding are briefly summarized. Finally, important outcomes and lessons learnt in the "Education & Training" and "Management" work packages are presented.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)381-389
    Number of pages8
    JournalProgress in Nuclear Energy
    Volume77
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Water
    water
    Piles
    Computational fluid dynamics
    pile
    test
    reactor
    project
    safety
    Research reactors
    Light water reactors
    Reactor cores
    European Commission
    Coolants
    corrosion
    Stainless steel
    Education
    steel
    education
    Corrosion

    Keywords

    • European project
    • fuel qualification test
    • Supercritical Water Reactor

    Cite this

    Ruzickova, M ; Schulenberg, T ; Visser, D C ; Novotny, R ; Kiss, A ; Maraczy, C ; Toivonen, Aki. / Overview and progress in the European project : "Supercritical Water Reactor - Fuel Qualification Test". In: Progress in Nuclear Energy. 2014 ; Vol. 77. pp. 381-389.
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    abstract = "The Supercritical Water Reactor (SCWR) is one of the six reactors being investigated under the framework of the Generation IV International Forum (GIF). One of the major challenges in the development of a SCWR is to develop materials for the fuel and core structures that will be sufficiently corrosion-resistant to withstand supercritical water conditions. Previously, core, reactor and plant design concept of the European High Performance Light Water Reactor (HPLWR) have been worked out in substantial detail. As the next step, it has been proposed to carry out a fuel qualification test of a small scale fuel assembly in a research reactor under typical prototype conditions. Design and licensing of an experimental facility for the fuel qualification test, including the small scale fuel assembly, the required coolant loop with supercritical water and safety and auxiliary systems, is the scope of the project {"}Supercritical Water Reactor - Fuel Qualification Test{"} (SCWR-FQT) described here. This project is a collaborative project co-funded by the European Commission, which takes advantage of a Chinese - European collaboration, in which China offers an electrically heated out-of-pile loop for testing of fuel bundles. The results of these out-of-pile tests on an electrically heated, but otherwise identical, fuel assembly shall be used as a pre-qualification experiment as well as for providing data for CFD and system codes validation. A significant part of the design and the necessary structural, CFD, neutronic and safety analyses had been completed. The design of the facility, and especially of the test section with the fuel assembly, as well as the most important results of the above mentioned analyses are presented. Material test results of the stainless steels considered for the fuel cladding are briefly summarized. Finally, important outcomes and lessons learnt in the {"}Education & Training{"} and {"}Management{"} work packages are presented.",
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    Overview and progress in the European project : "Supercritical Water Reactor - Fuel Qualification Test". / Ruzickova, M (Corresponding Author); Schulenberg, T; Visser, D C; Novotny, R; Kiss, A; Maraczy, C; Toivonen, Aki.

    In: Progress in Nuclear Energy, Vol. 77, 2014, p. 381-389.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Overview and progress in the European project

    T2 - "Supercritical Water Reactor - Fuel Qualification Test"

    AU - Ruzickova, M

    AU - Schulenberg, T

    AU - Visser, D C

    AU - Novotny, R

    AU - Kiss, A

    AU - Maraczy, C

    AU - Toivonen, Aki

    N1 - Project code: 72163

    PY - 2014

    Y1 - 2014

    N2 - The Supercritical Water Reactor (SCWR) is one of the six reactors being investigated under the framework of the Generation IV International Forum (GIF). One of the major challenges in the development of a SCWR is to develop materials for the fuel and core structures that will be sufficiently corrosion-resistant to withstand supercritical water conditions. Previously, core, reactor and plant design concept of the European High Performance Light Water Reactor (HPLWR) have been worked out in substantial detail. As the next step, it has been proposed to carry out a fuel qualification test of a small scale fuel assembly in a research reactor under typical prototype conditions. Design and licensing of an experimental facility for the fuel qualification test, including the small scale fuel assembly, the required coolant loop with supercritical water and safety and auxiliary systems, is the scope of the project "Supercritical Water Reactor - Fuel Qualification Test" (SCWR-FQT) described here. This project is a collaborative project co-funded by the European Commission, which takes advantage of a Chinese - European collaboration, in which China offers an electrically heated out-of-pile loop for testing of fuel bundles. The results of these out-of-pile tests on an electrically heated, but otherwise identical, fuel assembly shall be used as a pre-qualification experiment as well as for providing data for CFD and system codes validation. A significant part of the design and the necessary structural, CFD, neutronic and safety analyses had been completed. The design of the facility, and especially of the test section with the fuel assembly, as well as the most important results of the above mentioned analyses are presented. Material test results of the stainless steels considered for the fuel cladding are briefly summarized. Finally, important outcomes and lessons learnt in the "Education & Training" and "Management" work packages are presented.

    AB - The Supercritical Water Reactor (SCWR) is one of the six reactors being investigated under the framework of the Generation IV International Forum (GIF). One of the major challenges in the development of a SCWR is to develop materials for the fuel and core structures that will be sufficiently corrosion-resistant to withstand supercritical water conditions. Previously, core, reactor and plant design concept of the European High Performance Light Water Reactor (HPLWR) have been worked out in substantial detail. As the next step, it has been proposed to carry out a fuel qualification test of a small scale fuel assembly in a research reactor under typical prototype conditions. Design and licensing of an experimental facility for the fuel qualification test, including the small scale fuel assembly, the required coolant loop with supercritical water and safety and auxiliary systems, is the scope of the project "Supercritical Water Reactor - Fuel Qualification Test" (SCWR-FQT) described here. This project is a collaborative project co-funded by the European Commission, which takes advantage of a Chinese - European collaboration, in which China offers an electrically heated out-of-pile loop for testing of fuel bundles. The results of these out-of-pile tests on an electrically heated, but otherwise identical, fuel assembly shall be used as a pre-qualification experiment as well as for providing data for CFD and system codes validation. A significant part of the design and the necessary structural, CFD, neutronic and safety analyses had been completed. The design of the facility, and especially of the test section with the fuel assembly, as well as the most important results of the above mentioned analyses are presented. Material test results of the stainless steels considered for the fuel cladding are briefly summarized. Finally, important outcomes and lessons learnt in the "Education & Training" and "Management" work packages are presented.

    KW - European project

    KW - fuel qualification test

    KW - Supercritical Water Reactor

    U2 - 10.1016/j.pnucene.2014.01.011

    DO - 10.1016/j.pnucene.2014.01.011

    M3 - Article

    VL - 77

    SP - 381

    EP - 389

    JO - Progress in Nuclear Energy

    JF - Progress in Nuclear Energy

    SN - 0149-1970

    ER -