Oxidative steam reforming of pyrolysis oil aqueous fraction with zirconia pre-conversion catalyst

Ville Paasikallio (Corresponding Author), Ajimufti Azhari, Johanna Kihlman, Pekka Simell, Juha Lehtonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hydrogen was produced via steam reforming and oxidative steam reforming of a pyrolysis oil aqueous fraction, which was obtained via fractional condensation. The steam reforming experiments were carried out using a commercial nickel catalyst with and without a zirconia monolith as a pre-conversion catalyst. Addition of oxygen, which was examined at four different oxygen-to-carbon ratios, resulted in linearly decreasing H2 yields using both catalyst combinations. The combined effect of the zirconia pre-conversion catalyst and the oxygen addition did, however, slow down the rate at which the H2 yield decreased during the 4 h experiments. A long term experiment at the previously determined optimal conditions showed that the H2 yield decreased clearly more rapidly than carbon conversion. The decrease in the H2 yield was accompanied by a decrease in the selectivity towards CO2, and consequent increases in the selectivities of CO, CH4 and C2 hydrocarbons. These changes indicated that the catalyst was continuously losing its activity towards the reforming of hydrocarbons and conversion of CO via the water-gas shift reaction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12088-12096
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume40
Issue number36
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Steam reforming
zirconium oxides
steam
Zirconia
pyrolysis
Pyrolysis
oils
catalysts
Catalysts
Oxygen
oxygen
hydrocarbons
selectivity
Hydrocarbons
Carbon
Water gas shift
carbon
Experiments
Reforming reactions
Condensation

Keywords

  • Fast pyrolysis
  • Bio-oil
  • Steam reforming
  • Oxidative steam reforming
  • Zirconia
  • Hydrogen

Cite this

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title = "Oxidative steam reforming of pyrolysis oil aqueous fraction with zirconia pre-conversion catalyst",
abstract = "Hydrogen was produced via steam reforming and oxidative steam reforming of a pyrolysis oil aqueous fraction, which was obtained via fractional condensation. The steam reforming experiments were carried out using a commercial nickel catalyst with and without a zirconia monolith as a pre-conversion catalyst. Addition of oxygen, which was examined at four different oxygen-to-carbon ratios, resulted in linearly decreasing H2 yields using both catalyst combinations. The combined effect of the zirconia pre-conversion catalyst and the oxygen addition did, however, slow down the rate at which the H2 yield decreased during the 4 h experiments. A long term experiment at the previously determined optimal conditions showed that the H2 yield decreased clearly more rapidly than carbon conversion. The decrease in the H2 yield was accompanied by a decrease in the selectivity towards CO2, and consequent increases in the selectivities of CO, CH4 and C2 hydrocarbons. These changes indicated that the catalyst was continuously losing its activity towards the reforming of hydrocarbons and conversion of CO via the water-gas shift reaction.",
keywords = "Fast pyrolysis, Bio-oil, Steam reforming, Oxidative steam reforming, Zirconia, Hydrogen",
author = "Ville Paasikallio and Ajimufti Azhari and Johanna Kihlman and Pekka Simell and Juha Lehtonen",
year = "2015",
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language = "English",
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journal = "International Journal of Hydrogen Energy",
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Oxidative steam reforming of pyrolysis oil aqueous fraction with zirconia pre-conversion catalyst. / Paasikallio, Ville (Corresponding Author); Azhari, Ajimufti; Kihlman, Johanna; Simell, Pekka; Lehtonen, Juha.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 40, No. 36, 2015, p. 12088-12096.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Oxidative steam reforming of pyrolysis oil aqueous fraction with zirconia pre-conversion catalyst

AU - Paasikallio, Ville

AU - Azhari, Ajimufti

AU - Kihlman, Johanna

AU - Simell, Pekka

AU - Lehtonen, Juha

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Hydrogen was produced via steam reforming and oxidative steam reforming of a pyrolysis oil aqueous fraction, which was obtained via fractional condensation. The steam reforming experiments were carried out using a commercial nickel catalyst with and without a zirconia monolith as a pre-conversion catalyst. Addition of oxygen, which was examined at four different oxygen-to-carbon ratios, resulted in linearly decreasing H2 yields using both catalyst combinations. The combined effect of the zirconia pre-conversion catalyst and the oxygen addition did, however, slow down the rate at which the H2 yield decreased during the 4 h experiments. A long term experiment at the previously determined optimal conditions showed that the H2 yield decreased clearly more rapidly than carbon conversion. The decrease in the H2 yield was accompanied by a decrease in the selectivity towards CO2, and consequent increases in the selectivities of CO, CH4 and C2 hydrocarbons. These changes indicated that the catalyst was continuously losing its activity towards the reforming of hydrocarbons and conversion of CO via the water-gas shift reaction.

AB - Hydrogen was produced via steam reforming and oxidative steam reforming of a pyrolysis oil aqueous fraction, which was obtained via fractional condensation. The steam reforming experiments were carried out using a commercial nickel catalyst with and without a zirconia monolith as a pre-conversion catalyst. Addition of oxygen, which was examined at four different oxygen-to-carbon ratios, resulted in linearly decreasing H2 yields using both catalyst combinations. The combined effect of the zirconia pre-conversion catalyst and the oxygen addition did, however, slow down the rate at which the H2 yield decreased during the 4 h experiments. A long term experiment at the previously determined optimal conditions showed that the H2 yield decreased clearly more rapidly than carbon conversion. The decrease in the H2 yield was accompanied by a decrease in the selectivity towards CO2, and consequent increases in the selectivities of CO, CH4 and C2 hydrocarbons. These changes indicated that the catalyst was continuously losing its activity towards the reforming of hydrocarbons and conversion of CO via the water-gas shift reaction.

KW - Fast pyrolysis

KW - Bio-oil

KW - Steam reforming

KW - Oxidative steam reforming

KW - Zirconia

KW - Hydrogen

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2015.07.017

DO - 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2015.07.017

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JO - International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

JF - International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

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